Location: Charleston Harbor, South Carolina
Union forced to surrender and evacuate.
Thomas J. Jackson earns the name 'Stonewall' and causes the Union army to flee back to Washington.
Location: west Tennessee
Grant attacked Ft. Henry as it was being attacked by naval forces led by Andrew Hull Foote. This victory opened up the Tennesse and Cumberland rivers to the Union.
Location: Stewart County, Tennessee
Fort is forced to surrender- great victory for Grant.
Location: Hampton Roads, Virginia
The CSS Virginia(Merrimack) ironclad sunk the Cumberland, forced the USS Congress to surrender, began attacking the USS Minnesota when USS Monitor appeared- after hours of fire battle ended in a draw.
Location: Hardin County, Tennessee
Confederate soldiers under Gen. Albert Sydney Johnson attacked the Union troops under Ulysses S. Grant in surprise. Gen. Johnson killed. Union out numbered the Confederates and launched a counter attack, forcing them to retire from the field. Bloodiest battle in US history at the time with 23,000 casualties.
Location: Near Richmond, Virginia
Gen. Lee attacks the Union under Gen. McClellan in a new era of offensive battle. Forces Union to evacuate.
Location: Price William County, Virginia
Gen. Robert E. Lee(cofederate) vs. Maj. Gen. John Pope (Union) Much larger scale than first manssas, after huge casualties to both sides Union forces retreat to Centreville.
Location: Near Sharpsburg, Maryland.
First major battle to take place on Union soil. Bloodiest day in US history.
Maj. Gen. Meclellan (union) follows Gen. Lee into Maryland and launches a surprise attack. Counter attack weakened Union forces and they failed to destroy Lee's army, but prevented him from taking Maryland.
Location: Fredricksburg, Virginia
Burnside sent troops to Falmouth- Lee entrenched army on the heights behind town. Crossed river and briefly broke line, but eventually Union had to retreat.
Location: Warren County, Mississippi
Maj. Gen. Grant converged on Vicksburg with Lt. Gen. John Pemberton's army inside. Surrendered-Confederacy split in half.
Location: Around Gettysburg, Pennsylvania
Largest number of casualties in the Civil War.
Lee centered troops around Gettysburg. But failed to break through the Union's defense. Ended Lee's invasion of the North.
Followed Lee's army, slowly weakening it until they were forced to surrender, leading the Union to victory.
Location: Modern Kansas City, Missouri
Union forces under Maj. Gen. Samuel R. Curtis outnumbered and defeated Confederate forces under Maj. Gen. Sterling Price. Last major battle in Missouri and west of the Mississippi.
Broke ties with the Union marched 50,000 men from Atlanta(burns) to Savannah, destroying everything in their paths. Gets Lincoln the city of Savannah for Christmas.
Lee tries to make one last attempt- surrounded on tree sides and surrenders. Final battle of the war in Virginia.
Location: Richmond, Virginia
Confederate capital moved to Richmond, Virginia. Lee has held off Union troops for 10 months at Petersburg and finally decides to surrender Richmond and Petersburg. Danville, Virginia named new Confederate capital.