Politics during the Gilded Age

1865-1900

Presidents

Andrew Johnson

1865 - 1869

Andrew Johnson was the 17th president. He was a stubborn Republican that spent most of his time in the office drunk. He was also Abraham Lincoln's vice president until Lincoln was assassinated. While Johnson was in office he often ended up vetoing every law. Johnson also purchased Alaska in 1867. Lastly, He was Impeached in 1868 for firing one of his cabinet members.

Ulysses. S. Grant

1869 - 1877

Ulysses S. Grant was the 18th president and was in office for two terms. Grant was also a Republican who spent a great deal of his time drinking in office. During his terms he sent troops from the North to the South to enforce non-slavery.

Rutherford B. Hayes

1877 - 1881

Rutherford B. Hayes was the 19th President and was a Republican. He won the election by electoral votes. Hayes took the troops out of the South previously put in by Grant.

Chester Arthur

1881 - 1885

Chester Arthur went into office as Garfield's vice president (20th). While he was in office the Pendleton Act was put in place in 1883 (taking a test to get a government job). The Chinese Exclusion Act was also put into place in 1882 ( An act not allowing Chinese immigrants into america) .

James Garfield

1881 - 1882

James Garfield was voted in office as a Republican. He was assassinated soon after election; leading to the Civil Service Reform (CSR)

Grover Cleveland

1885 - 1889

Grover Cleveland was the 21st president and was a Democrat. He was against High Protective Tariff (High Taxes on Imports). The Interstate Commerce act was put into place in 1887, which had regulated railroad rates.

Benjamin Harrison

1889 - 1893

Benjamin Harrison was elected into office as a Republican. During his term, the Sherman Anti-trust act was put into place in 1890 (limit on Monopolies). The Mckinley Tariff started in 1890 (when taxes on Imports are the highest).

Sherman Anti-trust Act

1890 - 1891

An act that banned monopolies

Laws

Chinese Exclusion Act

1882 - 1946

An act in which the United states did not allow Chinese immigrants in to the country

Pendleton Act

1883 - 1884

An act that stated that, in order to get a government job, you must take a test that makes sure your qualified.

Interstate Commerce Act

1887 - 1888

An act, that simply regulates the railroad rates

Foreign Policy Events

Purchasing Alaska

1867 - 1868

The United states purchased Alaska from Russia in 1867. Our nation bought it mainly for the raw material.

Naval Bases in Samoa

1889 - 1890

In 1889, the US, Germany and Great Britain wanted the Islands of Samoa. The nations saw it as ideal land for a naval base. The countries fought until finally, the US and Germany decided to split the islands.

Hawaii

1893 - 1894

The United States took over Hawaii in 1893 from "Queen Lilukani". Earlier we had taught Hawaii's people are culture and religion( planting sugar). The Queen felt she had less power and complained, so we forced her to step down from her thrown and we obtained Hawaii.

China's Open Door Policy

1898 - 1899

Nations such as France, Russia, Japan, Germany, and Great Britain claimed areas of China "their" trading land. The US however didn't get a "piece of the pie" so we proposed a Open Door Policy. It stated that any country could trade within China.

Populist Candidate

William Jennings Bryan

1896 - 1897

Four Goals Bryan had as a candidate. One was Inflation, lowering the value of money and driving prices up while debt stays the same. Another Goal of his was for government to control big business'. If the government controlled them, captains of industry wouldn't have as much control. Bryan also wanted Eight hour workdays for factory workers, attempting to win over all of the workers votes. Last, he was for Sub treasury; where the Government stores surplus crops, keeping prices even.