The History Of Psychiatry Timeline

Main

Bedlam Hospital (London)

1403

1st Psychiatric Ward - Boston

1729

Nervous Ilness

1733

term used rather than mental illness to not freak out patients

1st US Psychiatric Hospital

1773

Rise of the Therapeutic Asylum

1800 - 1900

Setting
Doctor-Patient Relationship

First Biological Psychiatry

1800

psychiatric focus based on the brain

Dr. David Cooper

1842 - 1845

Dr. Green abolished all restraints on patients (chains)

1845

Dr. Thomas A. Green

1845 - 1879

Sigmund Freud

1856 - 1939

Dorothea L. Dix visits Milledgeville

1858

More attention turned on alcoholics

1859

Pressures of war felt (Costs increase)

1861

Insane African American Problem

1866

Black patient kills white attendant with axe

1869

Hospital under repair

1872

Four physicians for 448 patients

1872

Annual budget approaches $100,000 for 600 patients

1873

Lunatic Asylum free to all state citizens

1877

Patient Pop. 748

1879

Dr. Green Dies

1879

Dr. Theophilus Orgain Powell

1879 - 1907

11/1/1882 First Building at Central State Milledgeville erected

11/1/1882

Law passes: 125 patients allowed to go home if incurable and harmless

1886

John Hopkins University Hospital

1889

Hospital considered model of efficiency

1891

New buildings completed to accommodate 900+ patients

1895

Emil Kraepelin

1895

psychiatric text books

US Psychoanalysis (Freud)

1896 - 1909

Infirmary wards open in all buildings

1897

Patients receive surgical care, if needed

1898

Almost 1000 patients a year were admitted

1906

Dr. L.M. Jones

1907 - 1922

3,148 patients occupy hospital

1907

T.O. Powell Dies Aug 18th

1907

Histories and observations of patients compiled

1909

Karl Meyer

1910 - 1913

taught pathology at Veterinary School of Pennsylvania

American Psychiatric Association

1911

Hydrotherapy introduced as treatment and punishment

1918

Deep sleep Therapy invented

1920

Dr. R.C. Swint

1922 - 1935

Dr. Jones dies

1922

Classes from Emory: Univ. Georgia invited to visit institution

1924

First social worker hired: Miss Cecile Humphrey

1927

Georgia State Sanitarium changes name to Milledgeville State Hospital

1929

European Psychologists came to the US to escape Nazi Germany

1930

Insulin Shock Therapy invented

1933

Use of Malaria to treat paretics

1934

Dr. Swint Dismissed for political reasons

1934

Cardiazol Shock Therapy invented

1934

Dr. John W. Oden

1935 - 1941

Modification in admitting alcoholic patients

1936

Lobotomy invented

1936

Electroconvulsive Therapy (ETC) Invented

1938

Nazi T4 Program

1939 - 1945

T-shaped buildings completed

1940

Tuberculosis plant finest in the world

1940

Patient population 9,000 and increasing

1940

Dr. L.P.Longino

1941 - 1944

Oden fired over the radio

1941

Electroshock tried on select female patients

1941

Physician problem was acute (too few doctors)

1942

Dr. Longino resigns due to ill health

1943

Public speculation on treatment of patients begins

1944

Dr. Y.H.Yarbrough

1944 - 1948

Advances in Antibiotics

1945

Malaria laboratory founded

1946

The National Institute for Mental Health created by Mental Health Act of 1946

1946

Yarbrough is asked to be relieved of his position

1948

Attempted mass breakout thwarted

1948

Dr. T.G. Peacock

1948 - 1952

Dec. Dr. S.A. Anderson appointed superintendant but fired after 22 days

1948

Major restructuring of Administration causes 12 to resign

1949

Psychodrama dept. added for group therapy

1951

Dr. Peter G. Cranford appointed as Chief Clinical Psychologist

1951

Lobotomy tried on 125 patients, only helping 7

1951

Dr. Peter G. Cranford is Chief Clinical Psychologist @ CSH, Georgia

1951

Occupational therapy reached 750 out of 11,000

1952

APA publishes first Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)

1952

Psychiatric Medications

1960

DSM II published

1968

Second Biological Psychiatry

1970

treatment based on medications

DSM III published

1980

Prozac

1988

DSM IV published

1994

DSM V published

2013