Timeline 1870-1940

Presidents

Ulysses S. Grant (R)

1869 - 1877

Rutherford B. Hayes (R)

1877 - 1881

James A. Garfield (R)

1881 - August 1881

Chester A. Arthur (R)

1881 - 1885

Grover Cleveland (D)

1885 - 1908

Benjamin Harrison (R)

1889 - 1893

Grover Cleveland (D)

1893 - 1897

William McKinley (R)

1897 - 1901

Theodore Roosevelt (R)

1901 - 1909

William Howard Taft (R)

1909 - 1913

Woodrow Wilson (D)

1913 - 1921

Warren G. Harding (R)

1921 - 1929

Calvin Coolidge (R)

1923 - 1929

Herbert C. Hoover (R)

1929 - 1933

Franklin Delano Roosevelt (D)

1933 - 1945

Senate

Republican

1869 - 1879

Democrat

1879 - 1881

Rupublican

1881 - 1893

Democrat

1883 - 1885

Democrat

1885 - 1887

Democrat

1893 - 1895

Republican

1895 - 1913

Democrat

1913 - 1919

Republican

1919 - 1933

Democrat

1933 - 1945

House of Representatives

Republican

1869 - 1871

Republican

1871 - 1873

Republican

1873 - 1875

Democrat

1875 - 1877

Democrat

1877 - 1879

Democrat

1879 - 1881

Republican

1881 - 1883

Democrat

1883 - 1885

Democrat

1885 - 1887

Democrat

1887 - 1889

Republican

1889 - 1891

Democrat

1891 - 1893

Democrat

1893 - 1895

Republican

1895 - 1897

Republican

1897 - 1899

Republican

1899 - 1901

Republican

1901 - 1903

Republican

1903 - 1905

Republican

1905 - 1907

Republican

1907 - 1909

Republican

1909 - 1911

Democrat

1911 - 1913

Democrat

1913 - 1915

Democrat

1915 - 1917

Republican

1917 - 1919

Repbulican

1919 - 1921

Republican

1921 - 1923

Republican

1923 - 1925

Republican

1925 - 1927

Republican

1927 - 1929

Republican

1929 - 1931

Republican

1931 - 1933

Democrat

1933 - 1935

Democrat

1935 - 1937

Democrat

1937 - 1939

Democrat

1939 - 1941

Legislation

15th amendment ratified

1870 - 1871

The Slaughter house case

1873 - 1874

Lame Duck Congress

1875 - 1876

Colorado Admitted as a state

1876

Rutherford B. Hayes elected

1876 - 1881

James Garfield elected

1881 - August 1881

assassinated

spoils system

1881 - august 1881

Pendenlton Act

1881 - 1885

Grover Cleveland is elected President

1884 - 1908

progressive Movement

1885 - 1889

Haymarket Square riot occurs in Chicago

1886 - 1887

Interstate Commerce Commission

1887 - 1888

McKinley Tariff

1889 - 1897

The Sherman Antitrust Act is passed &"Jim Crow" laws are passed

1890 - 1920

Wilson-Gorman Tariffs

1897 - 1901

Plessy v. Ferguson

1898 - 1899

Square Deal

1901 - 1909

Lochner v. New York

1905 - 1906

Muller v. Oregon

1908 - 1909

Pain-Aldredge Act

1909 - 1913

Sixteenth Amendment ratified

1913

Federal Reserve

1913 - 1921

New Freedom

1913 - 1921

Red Scare

1920 - 1921

Budget in Counting Act

1921 - 1923

Public Works

1929 - 1933

New Deal

1933 - 1937

Social Security Act

1933

Court Packing

1937 - 1945

Wars and World Events

Recontustion of Old South

1865 - 1877

"Spheres of Infulence"

1885 - 1886

Sherman Antitrust Act

1890 - 1891

Supreme Court rules "separate but equal" legal

1896 - 1897

Selective Service Act creates draft

1917 - 1918

Blacks migrate north and west

1917 - 1918

Versailles Peace Treaty

1919 - 1920

18th Amendment prohibits alcohol

1920 - 1921

19th Amendment gives women right to vote

1920 - 1921

League of Nations

1929 - 1930

Stock Market crashes

1929 - 1930

Roosevelt begins "New Deal"

1933 - 1934

Social Security Act provides retirement insurance

1935 - 1936

Technology

Chewing gum

1870 - 1871

invented by Thomas Adams

Barbed Wire

1872 - 1873

invented by Joseph Glidden

Christmas Lights

1882 - 1883

Invented by Edward Johnson

Matches

1889 - 1890

Invented by Joshua Pulsey

Swiss Army Knife

1891 - 1892

Invented by Carl Elsene

Schwinn Bicycle

1895 - 1896

Invented by Ingaz Schwinn

Hershey Bar

1900 - 1901

Invented by Milton Hershey

Airplane

1903 - 1904

Invented by the Wright Brothers

"Life Saver" Candy

1912 - 1913

Invented by Clarence Candy

Toaster

1919 - 1920

Invented by Charles Strite

Masking Tape

1925 - 1926

Invented by Dick Drew

Penicillin

1928 - 1929

Invented by Alexander Fleming

Toll House Cookies

1930 - 1931

Invented by Ruth Wakefield

Trampoline

1935 - 1936

Invented by George Nissien

Duct Tape

1942 - 1943

Invented by Johnson and Johnson company

Kitty Litter

1947 - 1948

Invented by Ed Lowen

Society and Culture

Reconstruction in the Old South

1865 - 1877

Lewis Carroll " Through the Looking Glass" book

1872 - 1873

First U.S. film: Fred Ott's Sneeze

1889 - 1890

H.G. Wells The Time Machine

1895 - 1896

Picasso begins cubism with Les Demoiselles d'Avignon

1907 - 1908

Ernest Hemingway For Whom the Bell Tolls

1940 - 1941