U.S History 1870-1940

Presidents

Ulysses S. Grant

1869 - 1877

Rutherford B. Hayes

1877 - 1881

Chester Author

1881 - 1885

James Garfield

1881

Grover Cleveland

1885 - 1889

William Henry Harrison

1889 - 1893

Grover Cleveland

1893 - 1897

William Mckinnley

1897 - 1901

Theodore Rossevelt

1901 - 1909

William Howard Taft

1909 - 1913

Woodrow Wilson

1913 - 1921

Warren G Harding

1921 - 1923

Calvin Coolridge

1929 - 1933

Senate

Republicans

1869 - 1879

Democrat

1879 - 1881

Republicans

1881 - 1893

Democrat

1893 - 1895

Republicans

1895 - 1913

Democrat

1913 - 1921

Republicans

1921 - 1933

Democrat

1933 - 1941

House of Representatives ( majority party )

Republicans

1869 - 1875

Democrats

1875 - 1881

Republicans

1881 - 1889

Democrat

1889 - 1891

Republicans

1891 - 1895

Democrats

1895 - 1903

Republicans

1903 - 1911

Democrat

1911 - 1917

Republicans

1917 - 1933

Democrat

1933 - 1941

Legislation, Amendments, & Supreme Court

The 15th Amdenment is ratified

1870

The Ku Klux Klan Act Passed

1871

Civil Rights Act of 1875

1875

Reconstruction ends

1877

American Federation of Labor (AFL) is organized

1886

Interstate Commerce Commission is created

1887

Sherman Antitrust Act is passed

1890

Sherman Antitrust Act is passed

1890

Plessy vs. Feruson Case

1898

Lochner vs. New York Case

1905

Muller vs. Oregon Case

1908

Sixteenth and Seventeenth Amendments ratified

1913

World War I begins

1914

Eighteenth Amendment is ratified(Prohibition)

1919

World War II begins

1939

Japanese bomb Pearl Harbor

1941

Wars and World Events

Reconstruction in "Old South"

1865 - 1877

Women lawyers permitted to argue cases before Supreme Court

1879

Civil Service Estblished

1883

Sherman Anti-Trust Act

1890

AFL founded

1890

Supreme Court rules "separate but equal" legal

1896

Roosevelt begins conservation of forests

1902

Roosevelt asserts U.S. right to intervene in Latin America

1904

Selective Service Act creates draft

1914

Blacks migrate north and to the west

1917

18th Amendment prohibits alcohol

1920

19th Amendment gives women the rights to vote

1920

Stock Market crashes

1929

Roosevelt begins " New Deal"

1933

Social Security Act provides retirement insurance

1935

Japan surprise attack on Pearl Harbor

December 7, 1941

Technology

Chewing Gum

1870

Barbed Wire, Blue Jeans, and Earmuffs

1873

Steel Industry

1875

Arc Lighting System, Internal Cmbustion Engine, Refrigerator, and Telephone

1876

Toilet Paper

1877

Light Bulb and Ivory Soap

1879

Christmas Lights

1882

Roll of Film

1884

Halftone Printing Process

1885

Coca-Cola

1886

Multiplex Railway Telegraph and Pneumatic Tire

1887

Electric Power AC and Teleautograph

1888

Automobile and matches

1889

Swiss Army Knife

1891

Wireless Telegraph

1895

Paper Clip

1899

Radio, Wireless Signaling

1900

Assembly Line and Lionel Trains

1901

Air Conditioner and Flashlight

1902

Airplane and the Windshield Wiper

1903

Outboard Motor

1907

Zipper

1913

Toaster

1919

Hair Dryer and the atraffic Light

1920

Blender

1922

Television

1927

Penicillin

1928

Ballpoint Pen

1935

Turing Machine

1940

Society & Culture

National Baseball League Founded

1876

Haymarket Square labor riot in Chicago kills eleven people

1886

Strike at Carnegie Steel results in ten deaths

1892

Pres. McKinley shot by anarchist

1901

NAACP in New York City

1909

Selective Service Act creates draft

1917

Lindbergh crosses Atlantic non-stop

1927