Timeline 1870-1940 by Lauren Whittaker

Presidents

Ulysses S. Grant

1869 - 1877

Rebublican

Rutherfield Hayes

1877 - 1881

Republican

James Garfield

1881 - 09/19/1881

Republican
Garfield assassinated by Geeto

Chester Arthur

09/19/1881 - 1885

Republican
Known for his Sideburns

Grover Cleveland

1885 - 1889

Democrat

Benjamin Harrison

1889 - 1893

Republican
Civil War Veteran

Grover Cleveland

1893 - 1897

Democrat
2nd Term

William McKinley

1897 - 1901

Republican

Theodore Roosevlet

1901 - 1909

Republican

William Howard Taft

1909 - 1913

Republican

Woodrow Wilson

1913 - 1921

Democrat

Warren G. Harding

1921 - 1923

Republican

Calvin Coolidge

1923 - 1929

Republican

Herbert Hoover

1929 - 1933

Republican

Franklin D. Roosevelt

1933 - 1945

Democrat

House of represenatives

Republican

1869 - 1875

Democrat

1875 - 1881

Republican

1881 - 1883

Democrat

1883 - 1889

Republican

1889 - 1891

Democrat

1891 - 1895

Republican

1895 - 1911

Democrat

1911 - 1917

Republican

1917 - 1933

Democrat

1933 - 1947

Senate

Republican

1870 - 1879

Democrat

1879 - 1881

Republican

1881 - 1893

Democrat

1893 - 1895

Republican

1895 - 1913

Democrat

1913 - 1919

Republican

1919 - 1933

Democrat

1933 - 1941

Legislation, Amendments, and Supreme Court

15th Amendment

1870

Gave any U.S. citizen the right to vote regardless of race, color, or "previous condition of servitude"

Ku Klux Klan Act

1871

Allowed the President to use force to stop the klan and other terrorist forces.

Chinese Exclusion Act

1882

Banned chinese from immigrating into the U.S.

Civil Service Act

1883

Established merit system for government jobs

Civil Rights Act of 1875 overturned by Supreme Court

1883

Dawes Act

1887

Broke up Indian Reservations

Sherman Antitrust Act

1890

Required the U.S. federal government to investigate companies that reduce competition in the marketplace (monopolies, price competition, etc.)

"Jim Crow" Laws

1890

Segregated blacks from whites in certain states in the south.

Plessy v. Ferguson

1896

Seperate but equal facilities legalized.

National Reclamation Act

1902

Funded irrigation projects in the arid American West.

Lochner v. New York

1905

Decided that bakers could work at most ten hours a day and sixty hours per week in order to keep them healthy.

Meat Inspection & Pure Food & Drug Acts

1906

Created to insure public health safety from the use of spoiled foods.

Muller v. Oregon

1908

Justified that women must work less hours than men to ensure their health.

16th Amendment

1909

Allowed federal government to establish an income tax.

NAACP

1909

Created to ensure equality in all races or "colored people".

Federal Reserve Act

1913

Set up the central banking system of the U.S. and allowed it to issue U.S. dollars.

Selective Service Act

1917

Allowed the goverment to build an army by drafting those capable of fighting.

18th Amendment

1920

Prohibited alcohol of any kind to be consumed.

19th Amendment

1920

Gave women the right to vote.

Adkins v. Children's Hospital

1923

Stated that the minimum wage legislation for women was unconstitutional.

National Origins Act

1924

Creates quota system for immigration.

Hawley-Smoot Tariff

1930

Raised tariffs on consumer goods.

RFC

1932

Gave loans to businesses, railroads, and other corpartations during the Depression in order to stimulate the economy,

"New Deal" Begins

1933

Economic programs enacted upon to "fix" the Great Depression. Created by Franklin D. Roosevelt.

Social Security Act

1935

Gave the elderly, poor, and disabled funds in order to stop poverty during the Depression.

Wars and World Events

Cuba Occupied And Released

1898 - 1902

World War 1 Begins

1914

Belgium invaded by Germany

Versailles Peace Treaty

1919

League of Nations

1919

Great Depression Begins (worldwide)

1930

World War 2 Begins

1939

Poland invaded by Germany

Technology

Chewing Gum

1870

Telephone

1876

Christmas Lights

1882

Coca-Cola

1886

Cracker Jack

1893

Jell-O

1897

Teddy Bear

1902

Airplane

1903

Liquid-fueled Rocket

1912

Licoln Logs

1916

Television (Mechanical)

1925

Yo-Yo

1928

Shopping Cart

1937

Trampoline

1937

Society and Culture

National Baseball League Founded

1876

Women Lawyers

1879

Allowed to argue cases to the Supreme Court.

Haymarket Square Riot

1886

Occurred in Chicago and killed eleven people.

AFL Founded

1890

Founder-S. Gompers.

Carnegie Steel Strike

1892

Killed ten people in all the chaos.

"Seperate but Equal"

1896

Supreme Court allowed segregation from other races with "equal" facilities.

Roosevelt Conserves Forests

1902

President Roosevelt sets out to conserve forests.

U.S. Intervention in Latin America

1904

Roosevelt permitted the intervention of the U.S. in Latin America.

Migration of Blacks North and West

1917

With the war nearly over, blacks migrated to the north and west to find better jobs and opportunities.

Women Voting

1920

19th amendment was passed and gave women the right to vote.

Charles Lindburgh First Solo Flight

1927

Crosses the Atlantic ocean and lands in Paris. First solo flight achieved.

Stock Market Crashes

1929

"New Deal" Begins

1933

Retirement (Social Security Act)

1935