3 year span given for disputes in date
Dates given as Tacitus is quoted as saying fire burned for six days. It was said that Nero fiddled while Rome burned. Nero blamed the Christians for starting the fire and utilized momentum from this tragedy to start his persecution of them.
Edict of Toleration in 311 allowed for the Christians to openly worship again; Edict of Milan in 313 allowed for the return of previously confiscated property to the Christians.
Constantine moved capital of Roman Empire to Constantinople
Council called to refute Apollinarianism. Development of the Constantinopalitan-Nicaean Creed. Emphasis on the humanity of Christ, the three-ness of God, and the Holy Spirit being of the same substance as the Father. Addition of the word filioque.
Council of Nicaea called to refute Arianism; St. Nicholas of Myrna punched Arius in the face.
Emphasized the oneness of God and the deity of Christ.
Battled Nestorianism and Eutychus. Issue of Theotokos or Christotokos. Emphasized the oneness of Christ.
Emphasized the twoness of Christ- both human and divine- in one being.
Clovis, King of the Franks, baptized into the Christian faith after uniting the Frankish kingdoms. His conversion and subsequent baptism led to the mass conversion of his followers.
Condemnation of Eutychus and the Monophysite controversy. Called by Emperor Justinian. Settled the idea of Christ's dueling wills with the statement that both wills coexisted in Him harmoniously, with human will being subject to His divine will.
The Great Schism in which the respective leaders of the Eastern end of the Christian Church and the Pope in the West excommunicated one another and forever broke the unity of the Catholic Church.
Peoples from France, Belgium, and Norman Italy; retook Nicaea, Antioch, and Jerusalem.
Bernard of Clairvaux assisted in instigating this crusade with his preaching. Holy Roman Emperor and King of France led the crusade, but Jerusalem once again captured by the Muslims.
King's Crusade, led by Philip Augustus (France), Richard (England), and Frederick I. Frederick drowned, Philip returned after fight with Richard, Richard got Saladin to allow for Christian pilgrims to have access to Jerusalem.
Crusade in which the members were excommunicated and later sacked the city of Constantinople.
The Cathars, a Gnostic heresy, was made nearly extinct by this Crusade within Christian lands in the South of France.
Crusade in which 100,000+ children engaged in a crusade against the Muslims, with the thought that their innocence and purity would aid them in winning. Comprised of teenagers and children whose ages were in the single digits. Famine and the elements killed many, almost all others were enslaved.
Started by the Fourth Lateran Council. A disaster. St. Francis of Assissi captured, beaten, and released by the Muslim ruler.
Exposed the Donation of Constantine and the Pope's subsequent claims to temporal and spiritual power as well as property possession to be invalid.
Sack of the city of Constantinople by Sultan Mehmed II, an Ottoman Muslim
Actual event date October 31, 1517. Luther posted his 95 Theses on the door of All Saint's Church in Wittenberg, Germany in which he disputed the sale of indulgences occurring with the permission of the Roman Catholic Church.
Supposing Christ's death in 33 AD, the beginning of the era in the church when leadership and learning was centered on the Apostles and their direct theological descendants.
Rough dates for the beginning and end of the Roman Empire
Nero reigned from 54-68 AD, persecuted Christians for his last four years starting with the Great Fire in Rome. Thought that Paul might have been martyred during this period.
Christians were persecuted for their refusal to offer incense to the Emperor; this was a public manner in which the deity of the Emperor was denied and was regarded as an act of defiance/uprising.
In a letter to Pliny, the Emperor Trajan ordered that Christians not be sought out, but that if they were accused they be confronted and given both the chance to prove that they were not a Christian and the chance to recant their Christian faith. Trajan wished to avoid and enormity of false accusations.
Hadrian enforced the same policies as the Emperor Trajan.
His death begins the marked decline of the Roman Empire. Justin was martyred under Marcus Aurelius and thus became known as Justin Martyr.
Edict issued in 202 forbidding conversion to Christianity.
FIRST EMPIRE WIDE PERSECUTION. Previously, persecutions had been localized.
Valerian issued an edict that all Christian property be confiscated. This is what the Edict of Milan, signed by Constantine, overturned in 313.
Established the Tetrarchy. Most severe persecution of Christians, as well as peoples of other faiths. Burnt Manicheans alive with their texts. When he issued his Edict Against Christians, those who refused to burn incense or provide another show of reverence to the Roman gods were imprisoned, severely tortured, and killed, along with Christian scriptures and places of worship being destroyed.
Continued the persecutions of Diocletian in the Eastern end of the Empire; argued for extermination of Christians.
Time during which the seat of the Papacy was in France, not Rome, and the Pope was subject to the political and temporal pressures which surrounded him in France.
Early Christian martyr. Known for his age at the time of his death, his calling of those around him atheists in response to admonitions to renounce Christianity, and for being one of the last pupils of the apostles still alive.
Conversion in 135
Published the Diatessaron, a harmony of the gospels, the first of its kind.
Argued for a time when Christ was not, for his creation rather than his pre-existence. First major soteriological crisis addressed by an ecumenical council; refuted by the Council of Nicaea, anathemized, and punched in the face by St. Nicholas of Myrna.
Known as the "Father of Church History", best known for his work Ecclesiastical History. Preserved much written history which might otherwise have been lost or destroyed to time. Suspected of Arianism. Paid heed not only to church history but also to general history, which he marked as important for church history.
Constantine, known as Constantine the Great. Emperor of Rome from 306-307 AD; was converted to Christianity after the Battle of Milvian bridge, signed both the Edict of Toleration and the Edict of Milan, moved the capital city of the Roman Empire to Constantinople from Rome, and made Christianity the official religion of the Roman Empire.
Bishop of Laodicea whose views that Christ had a true physical/divine body and soul but that his spirit was replaced by the Logos.
Doctor of the Church who translated the Bible into Latin.
Augustine, Doctor of the Church, lived and developed the idea of the Catholic Church as the spiritual City of God. Wrote his Confessions and City of God. Developed spiritual concepts of inescapable grace, original sin, and just war theory.
British monk who gave human will power in the ability to save oneself; negated the necessity for infant baptism.
Archimadrite of a monastery in Constantinople who argued for the fusion of Christ's two natures into one- the divine- after the incarnation. Denied by Leo's Tome and by Council of Chalcedon in 451.
Monk and patriarch at Constantinople whose dislike of the word theotokos for Mary; offered the word Christotokos. His argument posited that Christ had two natures which were not in harmony but existent side by side within Christ Himself.
Monk, priest, professor, and most well-known member of the Protestant Reformation.
Unknown date of composure, though assumed to be late first to before the middle of the second century. Also known as The Teaching Through the Twelve Apostles to the Nations. Discovered in 1883. Contains four main portions, regarding (I) a discussion of the Ways of Life and Death, (II) liturgical issues, (III) distinguishing worthy officials/prophets/etc. from the unworthy, and (IV) Church organization.
Letter to the Corinthians which argued against the removal of presbyters from a church there without their having committed any moral trespasses. Earliest non-canonical document generally accepted by the Christian church known to be in existence.
Jerome starts and completes his Latin translations of both the Old and New Testament texts from their original languages of Hebrew and Greek, respectively.
Approximate/estimated date for the publication of Augustine's Confessions, an autobiographical work which detailed the sins of Augustine's youth and later his conversion to Christianity.
Document which granted lands in Italy to the Papacy as provided by Constantine. It came to be used to argue not only for Papal control over lands, but also for spiritual salvation and temporal control. Was later proved to be a forgery.
Anselm writes his work Cur Deus Homo, which explored the Atonement. Translates to Why God Became Man.