History of Higher Education in America

Major College Events

Founding of Harvard College

1636

Founding of Harvard College

Founding of William and Mary to supply Anglican clergymen for the Crown colony

1693

Founding of William and Mary to supply Anglican clergymen for the Crown colony

Founding of Yale

1701

Founding of Yale

Flogging was banned from colleges

1718

Flogging was banned from colleges

American Philosophical Society formed by Benjamin Franklin

1743

American Philosophical Society formed by Benjamin Franklin

College of New Jersey opened

1746

College of New Jersey opened

Chartering of Princeton

1746

Chartering of Princeton

Yale requires Westminister Confession of faith

1748

Yale requires Westminister Confession of faith

King's College (later Columbia) was founded by Anglicans

1754

King's College (later Columbia) was founded by Anglicans

College of Rhode Island at Providence started by Baptists

1764

College of Rhode Island at Providence started by Baptists

Queens College (later Rutgers) Founded by Dutch Reformers

1764

Queens College (later Rutgers) Founded by Dutch Reformers

Physical discipline was omitted from college laws

1767

Physical discipline was omitted from college laws

Dartmouth College Founded

1769

Dartmouth College Founded

Largest graduating class from Harvard before the American Revolution

1771

Largest graduating class from Harvard before the American Revolution

Princeton was occupied by British troops during the Revolutionary War

1776

Princeton was occupied by British troops during the Revolutionary War

Princeton Nassau Hall converted to a military hospital

1777

Princeton Nassau Hall converted to a military hospital

Princeton attacked by American troops in January

1777

Princeton attacked by American troops in January

University of Georgia founded; first state charter

1785

University of Georgia founded; first state charter

Georgetown University founded; first Catholic college

1789

Georgetown University founded; first Catholic college

The College Movement

1795 - 1904

US Military Academy at West Point was founded

1802

First federally supported institution of higher education

First women's college in the US is chartered in Georgia

1836

First women's college in the US is chartered in Georgia

First Co-Ed College (Oberlin College) is Founded

1837

University of Michigan and the US Naval Academy are established

1845

University of Michigan and the US Naval Academy are established

Morrill Land Grant Act of 1862 (First Morrill Act) - Signed on July 2, 1862

1862

Morrill Land Grant Act of 1862 (First Morrill Act) - Signed on July 2, 1862

The 13th Amendement, abolishing slavery, is passed

1865

The 13th Amendement, abolishing slavery, is passed

The 14th Amendment: equal protection under the law

1866

The 14th Amendment: equal protection under the law

The Department of Education is established

1867

The Department of Education is established

First College Football Game

1869

Rutgers vs. Princeton

Hatch Act of 1887 is passed

1887

Hatch Act was related to the First Morrill Act

Morrill Land Grant Act of 1890 (Second Morrill Act)

1890

Morrill Land Grant Act of 1890 (Second Morrill Act)

The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching is founded

1905

The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching is founded

The Smith-Lever Act is established

1914

The Smith-Lever Act is established

The first SAT (Scholastic Aptitude Test) is given

1926

The first SAT (Scholastic Aptitude Test) is given

The G.I. Bill is passed

1944

The G.I. Bill is passed

President's Commission on Higher Education

1946

President's Commission on Higher Education

Brown v. Board of Education

1950

National Defense Education Act (NDEA)

1958

National Defense Education Act (NDEA)

The first ACT test is administered

1959

The first ACT test is administered

The Higher Education Act (HEA)

1965

The Higher Education Act (HEA)

Title IX

1972

Title IX

The Rehabilitation Act

1973

The Rehabilitation Act

The Equal Educational Opportunities Act is passed to prohibit discrimination

1974

The Equal Educational Opportunities Act is passed to prohibit discrimination

University of Phoenix: first institution to offer online college degrees

1989

University of Phoenix: first institution to offer online college degrees

The Higher Education Act (HEA) is amended and reauthorized

1998

The Higher Education Act (HEA) is amended and reauthorized

The HEA is amended and reauthorized and expanded

2003

The HEA is amended and reauthorized and expanded

Virginia Tech shooting - 33 students were killed this day

2007

Virginia Tech shooting - 33 students were killed this day

Major US Events

French and Indian War began

1754

French and Indian War began

Revolutionary War

1775 - 1783

Revolutionary War

Declaration of Independence was signed

1776

Declarations of Independence was signed

Articles of Confederation was signed

1778

Articles of Confederation was signed

The US Constitution is passed

1788

The US Constitution is passed

The Bill of Rights is passed

1791

Nation's capitol relocated to Washington, DC from Philadelphia

1797

War of 1812

1812 - 1815

Civil War

1861 - 1865

President Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation

1863

The Civil Rights Act is passed

1875

The Civil Rights Act is passed

The Spanish American War

1889

World War I

1917 - 1918

World War I

Women are given the right to vote

1920

The Great Depression

1929 - 1939

US involved in World War II

1941 - 1945

Civil Rights Act of 1957

1957

The Civil Rights Act becomes law

1964

Terrorist attacks on the World Trade Centers and the Pentagon.

2001

September 11, 2001