late 1840s- early 50s. 150,000 americans made trip from Missouri to Oregona, Cali, or Utah.
Oregon- unheard of. 15 miles a day.
6 month trip. 2,000 miles total.
missionaries failed to convert natives to christianity.
Cayuses killed the Whitmans and the whites retaliated and exterminated all Cayuses.
1842, overlanders left Independence, MO for the Willamette Valley.
Most were young farm families from midwest.
Santa Fe Trail- carried US goods to the Mexican Southwest.