End of the Civil War


July 1 1863

Lee wants to go offensive, but he need provisions

Pickett's Charge- a bunch of people charge and fail

Union Victory

Bloodiest battle


July 4 1863

Ulysses S. Grant captures Mississippi
cut resources for confederates
@ this time, the union had AR, LA, MS,MO,KY,TN

Lee surrenders

April 1865


10% Plan

Dec 1863

Amnesty to a state if 10% of the population agree that they should join the union

13th Amendment

Jan 1864

Emancipation of Slaves

Wade Davis Alt Bill

July 1864

Proposed by Senator Wane of Ohio and Henry Davis of Maryland

made admittance back into the union almost impossible
since it required a majority in each Southern state to swear the Ironclad oath

Pocket vetoed my Lincoln

Johnson's Presidency

1865 - 1869

Took over after Lincoln was assassinated

Lincoln assasinated

April 1865

Mississippi Plan


KKK & other democrats would threaten/ kill republicans so they would not be put in office

Election of 1876


51 to 49 Republican victory
republican majority
they were going to win anyway


Grant Made General


Believed in Total Warfare- annilate army & resources

Sherman march to Sea -GA & SC

Labor Unions Formed

1865 - 1867

Democrats got the House


Grant's decision in 1875


Grant's advisers told him Republicans might loose an Ohio election unless he rejected an appeal by Mississippi blacks for troops to guarantee free votes

So he did.


Sherman's Orders to help black families

January 1865

Orders in SC & GA that all black families get 40 acres and a mule
so 40,000 freedmen took that oportunity

Freedmen's Bureau

March 1865

Heled refugees, freed slaves & destitute whites
established the Freedmen's bank


Homestead Act


All people could buy land from the government

May 29 Proclamation

May 29 1865

Amnesty and pardon , including restoration of all property to confederates

Civil Rights Act of 1866


All persons born in the US were citizens
all citizens enjoyed rights equally without regard to race

Congressional Reconstruction

1866 - 1867

Reconstruction Act of 1867


Divided the Confederate states into 5 military districts under commanders to employ the army to protect life and property

laid out steps by which state governments could be created & recognized by Congress

14th Amendment passed

July 9 1868

Declared that all citizens had the right to due prcess and equal protection under the law

prohibited states from abridging equality before the law based on race

Election of 1870


12,000 fewer republicans voted republicans in 2 crucial conties in SC so the democrats got power
killed several repubs

3 Force Act

1870 - 1871

Gave president power to protect voters from force or fraud but was rarely used

15th Amendment passed


universal male suffrage

Election of 1872


Public uninterested in reform- so Grant was re- elected

Election of 1875 Mississippi


Mississippi Plan

harass republicans

Election of 1876


closest race until 2000
republican: Rutherford. B Hayes
Democrats: Governor Samuel J. Tilden of NY

Hayes won 154 to 155
Democrats were pissed

Compromise of 1877


Hayes was president
- the south wanted union $ but not union social influence
-ordered troops out of the south & sent them west
-appointed a confederate general to his cabinet
-supported federal aid for economic & railroad developments
-let south deal w/ race relations by themselves