A Journey through Time

Main

Harlem Renaissance

1918 - 1935

The Harlem Renaissance was a period where African Americans expressed themselves through music, art, poetry, etc. in New York. It started in the 1920’s. There were many famous people a part of the Harlem Renaissance. Langston Hughes, Duke Ellington, and Billie Holiday were some of the famous people in Harlem. The Harlem Renaissance influenced many generations after this time period.

Great Depression

1929 - 1940

The stock market crashed in October of 1929. Many banks failed and the unemployment rate skyrocketed. President Herbert Hoover can up with a plan called the New Deal, so that banks would have so money to issue out. Along with the New Deal were other programs like the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) and the Works Project Administration (WPA). The depression ended in 1940.

Dust Bowl

1931 - 1939

The Dust Bowl occurred because of many factors, not just one. Most of these factors were caused mainly by the human race. Farmers didn’t plan very well, and they just kept uprooting dirt in the same spots. By tearing up the ground, there was dry dirt on top of the fertile soil. On top of that, there was not much rain in the Great Plains, where the soil was being dug up. Then the wind started to speed up, pick up the dirt to massive heights and spread 1,800 miles wide. Houses, farms, cities, etc. where covered in dust from the dust storms. A lot of people suffered from what was called dust pneumonia. In 1939, rain began to fall and conservation techniques were put into play to prevent Dust Bowls to happen again.

New Deal

1933

It was created by Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1933. There were multiple programs involved in the New Deal such as the Agricultural Adjustment Act, the Public Works Administration, the Securities and Exchange Commission, and many more. These programs helped citizens by funding farmers and their crops, creating jobs to build roads and buildings, creating Social Security for Americans, etc.

Newly Published: Gone with the Wind

1936

Gone with the wind created by Margaret Mitchell was published in 1936. The book was sold in America and around the world. For the most part, the movie was widely accepted telling the story of the south. Mitchell even won a Pulitzer Prize for the book in 1937. At this time, David Selznick was producing the movie. The movie was created in 1939.

World War II

1939 - 1945

World War II started in 1939 when Great Britain and France declared war on Germany after Hitler’s invasion. Multiple countries were involved in this war. The U.S. didn’t want to be a part of this war at first. But eventually we became a part. China, Great Britain, the Soviet Union, and the U.S. all came together to form the “Big Four”. The “Big Four” and many other countries were called the Allies. In America, there were many jobs created because of the war. A lot of people worked in factories to make weapons. But other effects also came out of World War II that weren't so good. Many people lost their homes, their families, and their lives. The war finally ended when the Allies bombed Germany forcing them to surrender in 1945.

Pearl Harbor

1941

Japan and the U.S. both took actions that the other country thought was a threat. Japan’s next action would result in war, but it had a glitch in it. The commander of the Japanese fleet planned to attack Pearl Harbor to stop the U.S. fleet. The Japanese trained months before, and Yamamoto’s plan was approved. The surprise attack on Pearl Harbor lasted less than two hours. Many U.S. ships and air crafts were damaged. Many people were killed. Japan’s damages were small. But this whole attack was not exactly successful. The attack brought the nation together to win World War II.

The beginning of the Cold War

1945

Although the U.S. and the Soviet Union were allies in World War II, there were some unsolved issues between the two. The U.S. didn't like that the Soviet Union had a communist government. The Soviet Union did like that the U.S. wouldn't accept that the USSR was a part of the international community. As World War II ended, these problems were not yet solved and caused the U.S. and the Soviet Union to pull a part even more. This was the start of the Cold War.