Pentateuch

Basic Outline

Israel in Egypt

1876 BC - 1446 BC

Genesis 15:13-16; Exodus 12:40-41; Acts 7:6-7
They spent 430 years in Egypt.

The Exodus

1446 BC

Exodus 12:37; 1 Kings 6:1
They assembled on the 15th day of the 1st month.

Mt. Sinai/ The Law is Given

1446 BC - 1445 BC

Exodus 19:1; Numbers 10:11
They arrived at Mt. Sinai on the 15th day of the 3rd month and stayed for 11 months and 5 days.

Wandering

1446 BC - 1406 BC

Numbers 14:34; 33:19-36

The Journey Ends

1406 BC

Events

Manna & Quail Given to Israel

1446 BC

Exodus 16:1
It was on the 15th day of the 2nd month after they had come out of Egypt.

Spies sent into Canaan

1446 BC

Tabernacle completed

1444 BC

Completed on the 1st day of the 1st month of the second year. Exodus 40:17; Numbers 1:1

Rebellion of Korah

1444 BC

Numbers 16-17
We cannot give an exact date because Scripture does not indicate exactly when it occurred; however, as the Israelites were approaching Canaan, they battled with Sihon and Og. This is talked about in Deuteronomy 2:14 which says that the Kadesh rebellion had happened 38 years prior.

Death of Miriam and Aaron

1407 BC - 1406 BC

Numbers 20:1, 28; 33:38
Miriam died in the 1st month and Aaron died on the 1st day of the 5th month of the 40th year, thus placing him within 1406 due to the differences between the Hebrew Calendar and the Gregorian Calendar.

Encampment on the Plains of Moab

1406 BC

Numbers 22:1
It was right after the battle with Sihon and Og.

Israel enters into the Promised Land

1406 BC

Bronze Serpent

1406 BC

Numbers 20:1
This happens right after the death of Aaron, placing it in 1406, a few months before Moses dies and Joshua leads them into the Promised Land.

Battle of Sihon and Og

1406 BC

Numbers 21:21-32
It happened 38 years after Korah's rebellion.

Death of Moses

1406 BC

Deuteronomy 34:8; Joshua 4:19
They mourned for Moses for 30 days before crossing the Jordan on the 10th day of the 1st month.

Books

Exodus

1730 BC - 1444 BC

Exodus 1:8-11 give us an idea of which Pharoah was ruling at the time. It matches with the first of the Hyksos rulers in Egypt. This book begins after Joseph died and a Pharoah rose up who did not know him and oppressed the Israelites within Egypt. The book ends with the setting up of the Tabernacle in Exodus 40, which occurred in 1444 BC. We do not know when the book was written, as it could have been written at any point between the Exodus and Moses death in 1406. Some have suggested it was most likely written between 1446-1444 BC, but this is not directly stated anywhere, and we cannot know if Moses wrote Exodus at one time or at multiple times and when he wrote it in comparison with the rest of the Pentateuch.

Leviticus revealed

1444 BC

This book was written after the completion of the Tabernacle but before the census both of which happened in 1444. Leviticus 1:1 places it after the erection of the Tabernacle. This is substantiated by the fact that the Tabernacle and the Tent of Meeting were built at the same time, it had to be written after the erection of the Tabernacle. Numbers 1:1, which was written after Leviticus, begins by telling when the first census was taken. Thus Leviticus had to be written before that time. That leaves a 1 month period between the first and second month of the second year after leaving Egypt.

Numbers written

1444 BC - 1406 BC

The book begins in the 2nd month of the 2nd year and continues until they reach the promised land. Numbers 1:1

Deuteronomy written

1407 BC

Moses started writing this book on the 1st day of the 11th month on the 40th year. Deuteronomy 1:3