The Wars of Religion -Spain, the Netherlands, England, and France
Persecution of Hugenots (nobility was attracted Calvism)
1550 - 1560
Various Incompetent kings; Catherine de Medici
1559 - 1589
The Dutch nobles form an anti-Spanish League
They fear Spanish Inquisition and influence.
Mass revolts break out.
The Duke of Alva is sent to the Netherlands
Establishes the Council of Troubles, Inquisition
Dutch rebellion against Spanish rule
1568 - 1609
St.Bartholomew's Day Massarce
Thousands of Huguenots are killed in Paris
The union of Utrecht
The Seven Northern proviences declare their independece.
Execution of Mary Staurt (Catholic threat in England)
The humiliating defeat of the Spanish Aramada by England
He was a politique: the viewed political unity more important than religious unity.
War of the three Henrys
Herny III dies.
Herny of Guise is assassinated.
Herny of Navarre becomes king.
Henry IV converts to Catholicism "Paris is well worth a mass"
Edict of Nantes:Protestants and Catholics given equal rights
Protestantism is allowed to be praticed in private and in areas where it is the majority.
It divides the Netherlands into the Dutch Republic and the Spanish Republic.
Peace of Alais: modifies the Edict of Nantes
Eliminates the fortified cities and Protestant armies.