Medieval Ages in Europe

Western Europe

Great Schism

1054

Hastings

1066

William the Conqueror conquered Great Britain

Dictatus Papae

1075

Gregory VII

Canossa

1077

Henry IV went to beg for the pardon of the pope after he was excommunicated

Concordat of Worms

1122

solution for the investiture struggles

Magna Carta

1215

descrbied the pirivileges of nobles
no one should be sentenced without trial
only nobles are free in their opinion
nobles could do whatever they wanted to the king

Dürnkrut

1278

Rudolph won and gained Austria for the Habsburgs from Ottokar II (Přemysl dynasty), the Bohemian king at that time

Avignon Captivity

1309 - 1377

capital of the Church was in Avignon and not in Rome
it ended up in the schism of the western Church -> was solved at the Synod of Konstanz by Sigismund

100 years war

1337 - 1453

Battle for Flanders
Henry V. (king of England)
Flagellants
dynastical war
Joan of Arc

Crécy

1346

University of Prague

1348

Charles IV

Jacquerie

1358

peasant uprise

Grünwald

1410

Poles defeated the Teutonic Knights

Synod of Konstanz

1414 - 1418

Sigismund
solved the problem of Schism and murdured John Hus

Agincourt

1415

English won

Orleans' siege

1429

Joan of Arc
in the same year, the Dauphin was crowned

Lipany

1434

Taborites are defeated

100y war ended / Byzantium fell

1453

War of the Roses

1455 - 1485

York <-> Lancester
later Henry III (Tudor) came and established absolutism
serfs turned into TENANTS

Unification of Spain

1479

Granada is taken to Spain

1492

the last Moor territory was taken back by the Spanish

Eastern Europe

Mongols occupied Kiev

1240

Tartar Invasion

1241 - 1242

Ottomans arrived in Europe

1354

Kosovo Polje

1389

Rigómező
Ottomans defeated the Serbs (Murad I)

Nicapolis

1396

Ottomans (Bayezid) defeated Sigismund

Ankara

1402

Mongolian Timur Lenk defeated the Turks

Crusades

First Crusade

1096 - 1099

Jerusalem was taken in 1099
Urban II launched in 1095, however, it only started in 1996

Second Crusade

1187

Jerusalem was taken back by Saladin (Egyptian sultan)
the crusaders could never reoccupy it

Fourth Crusade

1202 - 1204

Consantinople was taken
Formation of the Latin Empire by crusaders
Venice! for the Levanteian trade route

Latin Empire

1204 - 1261

the state established by crusaders