Armenian Monuments

Main

Armenia enters USSR

1920

Stepan Shahumyan

1931

19th-20th century revolutionary; Bolshevik and friend of Lenin; leader of Baku Commune; killed during Civil War

Meshadi Azizbekov

1932

Azerbaijani Soviet revolutionary; one of 26 Baku Commisars

Khatchatur Abovyan (1)

1933

19th century writer and teacher, author of first vernacular Eastern Armenian novel

Ghukas Ghukasyan

1935

Young communist, revolutionary, Party activist

Vladimir Lenin

1940

Dismantled

Joseph Stalin

1950

Khatchatur Abovyan (2)

1950

Nelson Stepanyan

1950

Soviet Armenian WWII pilot; Hero of the Soviet Union

Death of Stalin

1953

Komitas (1)

1955

19th-20th century composer, musicologist, and singer; lost his sanity as a result of the Armenian Genocide

Nar-Dos

1956

19th and 20th century Armenian poet from Tbilisi

Hunan Avetisyan

1956

Soviet Red Army senior sergeant who sacrificed himself at the Battle of the Caucasus; posthumously awarded Hero of the Soviet Union and the Order of Lenin

Hovhannes Tumanyan

1957

19th-20th century poet, writer, translator, and author of fairy tales
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Alexander Spendiaryan

1957

19th-20th century composer and condutor; Opera and Ballet Theater is named for him

Alexander Shirvanzade

1958

19th and 20th century Armenian poet born in present-day Azerbaijan; advocate of women's suffrage; lived in Soviet Union from 1926 to his death in 1935

Sasuntsi Davit

1959

Epic hero

Kamo (Simon Ter-Petrosyan)

1960

19th and 20th century Bolshevik revolutionary of Armenian descent from Georgia; early companion of Stalin; part of Bolshevik team of "expropriators" (aka bank robbers)

Aghasi Khanjian

1961

Leader of Soviet Armenia from 1930-1936; committed suicide (at Beria's behest?) during the Terror

Karl Marx

1962

Sayat Nova

1963

18th century poet, singer, and philosopher
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Anania Shirekatsi (1)

1963

7th century philsopher, astronomer, mathematician

Movses Khorenatsi

1965

Father of Armenian history writing

Avetik Isahakyan

1965

19th-20th century poet and writer; Academician of the Academy of Sciences of the Armenian SSR
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Mikayel Nalbandyan

1965

19th century humanist writer, critic, philosopher; persecuted by tsarist government

Mesrop Mashtots (1) †

1967

Inventor of Armenian writing system
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Mother Armenia

1967

Replaced giant statue of Stalin

Mkhitar Gosh †

1967

12th-13th century thinker, legislator and fable-writer

Frik

1967

13th-14th century thinker and poet

Toros Roslin †

1967

8th century miniaturist and copyist

Grigor Tatevatsi †

1967

14th century philosopher, theologian, economist, and teacher

Tsitsernakaberd

1967

Armenian genocide memorial complex

Vahagn Vishapakagh

1969

Pagan god

Gabriel Sundukyan

1972

19th-20th century dramatist

Alexander Griboyedov

1974

Russian playwright associated with Caucasus, his play "Woe to Wit" first performed in Yerevan

Alexander Tamanyan

1974

19th-20th century architect; designed the city of Yerevan
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Hayk Nakhapet

1975

Father of Armenian people

Vartan Mamikonyan

1975

Commander of Armenian army in struggle against Persian Empire, 450-451

Hayk Bzhishkayan (Gai)

1977

Half-Persian, half-Armenian Bolshevik revolutionary and Soviet military commander in Civil War and Polish-Soviet War

Paryur Sevak

1978

Soviet Armenian poet and literary critic; later in life was critical of Soviet system

Alexander Myasnikyan

1980

Bolshevik revolutionary and early leader of Armenian SSR

Tork Anghegh

1982

Giant and god in Armenian mythology; the great-grandson of Hayk

The Worker

1982

Vahagn Vishpakagh (2)

1984

William Saroyan (1)

1984

Armenian-American writer; Pulitzer Prize and Academy Award winner

Vahagn Vishpakagh (3)

1985

Yeghishe Charents

1985

20th century poet; early communist who became disillusioned with Soviet rule and was executed during the Terror
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David the Invincible

1985

5th-6th century philosopher

Martiros Saryan

1986

Painter; People's Artist of the USSR
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Komitas (2)

1986

Hakob Meghapart

1987

15th-16th century Armenian typographer, printed first Armenian book

Armen Tigranyan

1987

19th-20th century composer; composed Armenian opera "Anush"

Holy Family

1987

Hovhannes Shiraz

1989

Soviet Armenian poet

Tigran Petrosyan

1989

Soviet Armenian chess player; two-time world champion

Suren Spandaryan

1990

19th-20th century revolutionary and Communist Party member; exiled to Siberia by tsarist government

Vahan Tekeyan

1990

19th and 20th century Western Armenian poet and political activist

Garegin Nzhdeh

1990

20th century Armenian revolutionary and military commander; member of Dashnaktsutyun; fought in Armenian battalion of German army in WWII; died in Soviet prison

Fall of USSR

1991

Arthur Karapetyan

1993

Karabagh partisan fighter who was killed in a conflict with Azerbaijani OMON in 1991

Movses Khorenatsi

1995

Leonid Yengibaryan

1998

Soviet Armenian circus, variety and film actor; People's Artist of the Armenian SSR

Anania Shirakatsi (2)

1999

Andranik Ozanian (1)

1999

19th and 20th century Armenian military leader; opposed Ottoman Empire; important figure in pre-Soviet Armenian national movement

Sergei Parajanov

1999

Soviet Armenian avant-garde film director; People's Artist of Armenian and Ukrainian SSR; jailed by Soviet authorities for homosexuality

Aram Khachaturian

1999

Soviet Armenian composer and conductor; People's Artist of the USSR; composer of "Saber Dance"
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Vahan Teryan

2000

19th and 20th century Romantic poet and literary scholar; anti-tsarist and pro-Bolshevik
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King Trdat the Great

2000

3rd-4th century Armenian king who was converted to Christianity by St. Grigor Lusavorich

Noah

2000

Biblical figure

Tigran the Great (1)

2000

King of Armenia from 95-55 BC

The Tear of the Holy Virgin Mary

2000

The Anunciation

2000

Depicts the Angel Gabriel visiting the Virgin Mary

William Saroyan (2)

2000

Vahan Zatikyan

2001

Member of the underground Armenian National Unification Party who was executed due to alleged involvement in a 1977 Moscow bombing which killed 7 people

Andrei Sakharov

2001

Russian nuclear scientist turned dissident
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Sahak Partev †

2002

4th-5th century Catholicos; helped Mesrop Mashtots invent the Armenian writing system and translate the Bible

Argishti I

2002

King of Urartu (proto-Armenians) from 786 BC

Grigor Narekatsi †

2002

Writer of the Book of Narek, a mystical religious text

Mesrop Mashtots (2) †

2002

Andranik Ozanian (2)

2002

Marshal Hovhannes Baghramyan

2003

Armenian military leader; first non-Slavic Soviet military commander in WWII
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Baptism of Trdat by Gregory the Illuminator

2003

The baptism of King Trdat resulted in the conversion of Armenia to Christianity

Daniel Varuzhan

2003

19th and 20th-century Armenian poet from the Ottoman Empire; killed in the Armenian Genocide in 1915

Ivan Ayvazovsky

2003

19th century painter of seascapes of Armenian descent; worked in Crimea

Soghomon Tehleryan

2003

Assassin of Talat Pasha, leader of the Young Turks and organizer of Armenian Genocide

Tigran the Great (2)

2004

Franz Werfel

2004

Austrian author of "Forty Days of Musa Dagh," a novel about Armenian attempts to resist the Genocide in 1915

William Saroyan (3)

2008

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Arno Babajanyan

2008

Soviet Armenian composer and pianist; People's Artist of USSR
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Gevorg Emin

2010

20th century Soviet Armenian poet; winner of the Stalin Prize

Vahram Papazyan

2012

Soviet Armenian actor known for his performances of Shakespeare

Alexander Mantashyants

2012

Tsarist-era Armenian businessman, financier and philanthropist from Tbilisi