Cold War Chronology


Founding of the Chinese Communist Party

July 1921

Lenin died/Stalin began consolidating his power

January 1924

Great Soviet Famine in Ukraine and other regions

1932 - 1933

Long March of the Chinese Communists

1934 - 1935

Franco-Vietnam War

1945 - 1954

ended with defeat of France at Dien Bien Phu

Marshall Plan

1948 - 1952

US economic program to rebuild Western Europe's economies and help prevent spread of communism

NATO Created

April 1949

Defensive alliance against USSR

Soviet Union detonated its first atomic bomb

August 1949

Declaration of the PRC (People's Republic of China)

October 1949

Victory in civil war

Korean War

1950 - 1953

ended in stalemate

Nikita Krushchev became Soviet leader following Stalin's death

September 1953

Failed Hungarian revolt against Soviet domination

September 1956

China's Great Leap Forward

1958 - 1961

rapid industrialization and collectivization. Resulted in the largest famine in history

Fidel Castro became leader of Cuba


Following victory in the Cuban Revolution

Berlin Wall


constructed by East Germany on Soviet orders

Cuban Missile Crisis

October 1962

US-Vietnam War

1964 - 1973

US loses support of American public in 1968
US withdraws in 1973

China's Cultural Revolution

1966 - 1976

ended with the death of Mao

Failed Prague Spring revolt

January 1968 - August 1968

Revolt against Soviet domination in Czechoslovakia


1971 - 1979

Period of reduced tension/increased cooperation in the Cold War

Civil War in Vietnam

1973 - April 1975

ends with communist North Vietnam victory

Reformer Mikhail Gorbachev becomes Soviet leader

March 1985

CCP crushed the Tiananmen Square protest for democracy

June 1989

Berlin Wall torn down

November 1989 - 1990

Eastern European borders opened

End of the Cold War

December 1991

Fall of the Soviet Union

December 25, 1991