United States versus Iraq Relations

Main

U.S. Recognition of Iraqi Independence

1930

The U.S. recognized Iraq when Charles G. Dawes signed the Anglo-American-Iraqi Convention in London. According to the Preamble, the U.S. recognizes Iraq as an independent State. Later in 1932, Iraq terminated its mandate status.

Establishment of Arab Union

1958

On May 28, 1858, the United States recognized the Arab Union between Iraq and Jordan on May 19, 1958. U.S. did not form diplomatic relations with the Arab Union. U.S. recognition of the new state was accorded in an exchange of notes between the American Embassy at Baghdad and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Arab Union. The Department of State noted "external affairs will remain as they are at the present time." However relations with Iraq, the U.S. and Jordan did not get interrupted.

Begin of Persian Gulf War

1989

While US patrolling the Persian gulf to protect oil exports fro, Kuwait, an Iraqi plane launched a missile at the US killing 37 Sailors. This enraged President Bush and sent troops over to the Middle East. Iraq decreases how much oil they give to the US. US now has sell oil to use and to also sell, which costs the US billions of dollars.

Closing of the U.S. Embassy in Baghdad

1991

The Embassy in Baghdad was closed January 12, 1991, following Iraq's invasion of Kuwait due to international sanctions against Iraq and military forces. The United States and its allies began military operations against Iraq on January 16, 1991. Iraq severed diplomatic relations with the United States February 9, 1991, after which each nation maintained a modest Interest Section in the other's capital.

Desert Fox

1998

President Clinton orders Operation Desert Fox, a 4-day bombardment of Iraqi military installations.The strikes was done by the United States and United Nations. The strikes was Iraq's failure to comply with United Nations Security Council resolutions. The goal of the bombing was to hit military targets in Iraq.

Saddam Hussein's

2003

US helps Iraqi citizens bring down the statue of Saddam Hussein. This shows the power of Saddam Hussein has gone away. This is the beginning of Iraqi's Democratic style Government. US funnelled large amounts of money and weapons to Saddam Hussein and Iraq. US is doing this so Iraq wins the Iran-Iraq War.

Bush assigns forces into Iraq

2003

President Bush announces United States and other forces began military action against Iraq. Previously, he gave the Iraqi President, Saddam Hussein, and his family 48 hours to leave. After a 38 day air campaign, the Iraqi army was crushed after 100 hours. Iraqi troops after a month of allied bombing surrendered by the thousands.

Invasion of Iraq and Establishment and the Severing of Diplomatic Relations

2003

A coalition of countries led by U.S. and British forces invaded Iraq on March 20, 2003, and seized Baghdad on April 9. On May 12, 2003, the United States established the Coalition Provisional Authority as the authority in Iraq. Bremer explained that his goal were to manage the post-war reconstruction program. Tasks were complicated by the outbreak of an insurgency and violent civil unrest.

Status of Forces Agreement

2008

This agreement was signed by President Bush to establish that U.S. combat forces would withdraw from Iragi cities by June 30, 2009, and all U.S. forces will be completely out of Iraq by December 31, 2011. Iraq is now running their government without the US’s help. Iraq now runs a Democratic style of government.

Strategic Framework Agreement

2008

A statement by President Bush saying the agreement "foundation for a long-term bilateral relationship based on mutual goals between our two countries." The relationship included strong economic, diplomatic, cultural, and security ties.