World History Timeline

Main

Early Humans and Neolithic Revolution

Humans first domesticate animals

10000 BCE

This Event was important because people learn how to domesticate animals were they live so hey didn't had to go out and hunt or follow their food around. This impacted world history in the way that people now new how to do this so they had animals thy could eat and animals they could use to make work easier which were useful things through out history.

Neolithic Revolution begins; Humans first invent agriculture

8000 BCE

This is Important because people started living in permanent locations and began to form villages and first began Farming. This impacted world history because people began civilizing and could make their own food in their villiges which was really helpful for upcoming civilizations as well as today.

Wheel Invented

5000 BCE

Wheel is really important because when Ancient Mesopotamian invented people could use it to make transportation of people and goods easier. In world history this is important because an easier way of transportation was discover it made things simpler and people who were once nomadic became more stable.

First Civilizations

Civilizations develops in Ancient Mesopotamia between Tigress and Euphrates

4000 BCE

This acton was really important for Ancient Mesopotamia because they settled in the Fertile Crescent which is between the Tigress and Euphrates rivers. This provided the civilization with fertile soil because of the annual flooding that occurred because of the rivers. In addition that they had water which was essential for life, hey could drink the water from the rivers, fish in them, and use the water/rivers as a transportation source. This is important to world history because civilization started to civilize in river valleys because of these advantages.

Mummification begins in Egypt

3600 BCE

Invention of first writting system (Cuneiform - pictogram language)

3000 BCE

Egyptian Government ruled by Pharaoh

2700 BCE

First set of written laws (Code of Hammurabi)

1792 BCE

World Religion

Abraham founds Judaism

1800 BCE

Hinduism founded in India (Bhagavad Gita written)

1700 BCE

Temple Mount built (modern site of the Wailing Wall)

957 BCE

Sidhartha Guatama founds Buddhism

563 BCE

Jesus born

4 BCE

Jesus crucified on the cross

30 CE

Establishment of Christianity

40 CE

Muhammad (founder of Islam) born in Mecca

570 CE

Muhammad dies in Jerusalem at the Dome of the Rock site

632 CE

Greece/Rome

Civilization develops in Ancient Greece

1600 BCE

Homer write Iliad and the Odyssey

890 BCE

City states of Athens and Sparta develops

800 BCE

Ancient Rome founded by Romulus and Remus

753 BCE

Rome develops Republic system of government with checks and balance

509 BCE

Democracy invented in Athens

508 BCE

Democracy in Athens was important because people in Athens had a say in government. This is important to World HIstory because it was the invention of Democracy.

Socrates born; invents Socratic Method

469 BCE

Trial of Socrates; Socrates dies

399 BCE

Aristotle born; studies with Plato

384 BCE

Augustus is first Emperor of the Roman Empire; Pax Romana

44 BCE

Julius Caesar is murdered - Roman Republic ends

44 BCE

Roman Empire at its largest

117 CE

Fall of the Roman Empire

410 CE

Europe in the Middle Ages

Arabs take control of Jerusalem

638 CE

Feudal system develops in Europe

850 CE

First Crusade

1099 CE

Magna Carta limits the power of British monarch

1215 CE

This is important because the Magna Carta limits the power of a monarch so now they also have to follow the rules. This is important to world history because it was the first time that the power of the monarchs were limited.

First Bubonic Plague outbreak

1347 CE - 1348 CE

Empires of Ghana and Mali

Complex societies exist in Ghana

1500 BCE

Kingdom of Ghana in Northwest Africa

830 CE - 1235 CE

Berber empire takes over Ghana by military force

1235 CE

Mansa Musa rules Kingdom of Mali

1280 CE - 1337 CE

Mansa Musa takes Hajj to Mecca

1324 CE

Kingdom of Mali becomes weakened

1599 CE

Renaissance

Dante writes Divine Comedy in Italy

1310 CE

Donatello sculpts David

1430 CE - 1440 CE

Printing Press inventes by Guttenberg; Renaissance begins

1439 CE

Printing press was a really important invention because it brought many benefits to both rich and poor people. Before the printing press books were handwritten by monks and were very expensive and most of the population was not able to read. It is important to worlds history because of it effect which were that books became more available, books became cheaper, knowledge was spread easier, and slowly more people were able to read.

Drawing technique of perspective invented

1470 CE

Leonardo DaVinci dissects cadavers to gain better understanding of human body

1489 CE - 1519 CE

Michelangelo sculpts La Pieta

1501 CE

Leonardo DaVinci paints Mona Lisa

1503 CE

Raphael paints School of Athens

1510 CE - 1511 CE

Shakespear born; writes the play Macbeth in England

1564 CE

Macbeth is a play by Shakespeare. Shakespeare is considered to be the greatest writer in the English language who has ever lived. Important in world history because Shakespeare manipulated language in a unique way.

Cervantes writes the first novel Don Quixote in Spain

1605 CE - 1615 CE

Don Quixote, by Cervantes, told the story of a some what crazy man in Renaissance Spain, who believes he is a knight in the Middle ages. It is important in world history because it was the first modern noble.

Galileo provides evidence for heliocentricity and is put on trial by the Church

1610 CE

Galileo provide evidence that the universe was heliocentric which comes into conflict with the Catholic Church´s views that the universe was geocentric. Most science until this point supported the view base on scriptures that the Earth was stationary and heavenly objects revolved around it. Galileo used empirical (based on observation) evidence to support a view that the Earth revolved around the sun. Galileo was eventually forced to recant (take it back) do to penance. But Galileo last words were "Eppur si muove" ("yet it moves")

William Harvey discovers the heart pumps blood around the body

1628 CE

Issac Newton discovers gravity

1687 CE

Reformation

Martin L. nails 95 Theses to the Gutten. Church door & Protestan Reform. begins

1517 CE

Martin Luther nailed the 95 theses to the Guttenberg Catholic Church's door. It was a list of 95 grievance that Martin Luther had with the Catholic Church. Martin Luther believe that the Catholic church was corrupt and not representing the true values of Christianity. He was also Upset at the sale of Indulgence items that could be bought in order to gain forgiveness and access into Heaven (salvation). This actions started the Protestant Reformation which cause Christianity to split into two branches the Catholics and the Protestants. And the Protestants dived into more branches for example, the Lutheran Church, the Anglican Church, and the Calvinist Church.

King Henry VIII is excommunicated and founds the Anglican Church in England

1531 CE

John Calvin founds Calvinist Church based on the idea of Predestination

1536 CE

Catholic Church holds Council of Trent and Counterreformation begins

1545 CE - 1563 CE

Age of Exploration

Aztecs domesticate maize (corn)

2500 BCE

Aztecs invent chocolate

1200 CE

Aztec city of Tenochtitlan founded

1325 CE - 1326 CE

Age of Exploration begins in search of a sea route to China

1453 CE

Constantinople falls to Ottoman Empire & land to China from Europe is block

1453 CE

Christopher Columbus travels to the Americas instead

1492 CE

Christopher returns to Espanola in search for 3G's; ecomienda begins

1493 CE

Christopher Columbus had 17 ships with 1000 soldiers searching for the 3G's which are gold, glory, and god.
Ecomienda is a system were indigenous people were enslaved and force to labor. Important to world history because this led to the tacking over of the Americas.

Indigenous people in the Americas killed with smallpox blankets

1507 CE

Spanish leader Cortes and Aztec King Montezuma meet

1519 CE - 1521 CE

Spanish try to convert Aztecs and decimate the Aztec population

1519 CE - 1521 CE

Invention of the Astrolabe makes sea travel easier

1550 AD

Triangle Trade

Atlantic slave trade (Triangle Trade) begins

1600 CE

Atlantic slave trade ends

1807 CE

13th Amendment passed - slavery outlawed in US

1865 CE

13th Amendment is basically the prohibiting of Slavery. This is important in world history because slave gained their freedom.

Enlightenment

Age of Enlightenment

1650 CE - 1804 CE

Thomas Hobbes writes Leviathon

1651 CE

Leviathon is about how people need government to control their "nasty, brutish" natures.

John Locke published 2nd Treatise on Government

1689 CE

2nd Treatise on Government is about how humans are naturally good and are born with natural rights which are life, health, liberty, and property. This was important in world history because this idea was the starting point of many more.

Montesquieu write Spirit of the Laws advocating separation of powers

1748 CE

Montesquieu wrote " Spirit of the Laws" to critique the French Monarchy concentration of power. This idea is important because it stated that power should not be held by only one person or group.The government should be divided into three powers. Executive Branch, Judicial Branch, and the Legislative Branch.This is important to world history because it suggested separation of power and as known our government today is based on this idea of separation of power.

Rousseau writes treatise on Social Contract

1762 CE

Treatise on Social Contract was written by Rousseau and John Locke.This idea stated that people agree to a government and its restriction on Natural rights in order to gain protection and have the rule of law (an order society). And if the government was not serving the people and protecting their natural rights then the people had the right to overthrow it. This is important to world history because it gave a new idea to people on government.

Voltaire invents the idea of civil liberties

1763 CE

Civil Liberties are certain rights and freedoms that the government should not be able to take away. The Civil Liberties are Freedom of Religion, Freedom of Speech, Freedom of Press, and Freedom of Assembly. This idea id important to world history because it stated the those rights cant be taken away.

French and American Revolution

British parliament passes the Stap Act

1765 CE

British Government passes Tea Act

1773 CE

Louis XVI rules as absolute monarch of France

1774 CE - 1789 CE

War breaks out between British and the American colonists

1775 CE

Declaration of Independence written by Thomas Jefferson

1776 CE

American Revolutionary War ends

1783 CE

US Constitution written

1787 CE

The constitution defines the fundamental law of the United States federal government, setting forth the three branches of the federal government, outlining their jurisdiction, and propounding the basic rights of U.S citizens. Important to world history because it is the landmark legal document of the U.S. an it is still currently in effect. In addition that the government is also limited to the rule of law.

Bill of Rights added to the US Constitution

1789 CE

Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen

1789 CE

Storming of the Bastille

1789 CE

French Revolution begins with meeting of the Estates General

1789 CE

Englishman Burke and Paine disagree about the French Revolution

1790 CE

King Louis XVI executed and France declares itself a Republic

1792 CE

Robespierre leads Reign of Terror

1793 CE - 1794 CE

Napoleon comes to power and restores peace; writes Napoleon Code

1804 CE

Industrial Revolution

Seed Drill invented

1701 CE

The seed drill was an invention that helped in agriculture. This invention made farming more efficient. This is important to world history because there was more food and more people moved to cities which caused population growth.

Factory system begins

1750 CE

Industrial Revolution begins

1750 CE

Was a movement in which machines changed peoples way of life as their methods of manufacture (making things) that began in England. People began to use machines to make cloth and steam engines to run machines. Causes of the Industrial Revolution Invented machines to do the work of hand tools, the use of steam instead of muscle of humans beings or animals was use, and the adoption of the factory system. The effects of the industrial revolution were social classes, harsh working conditions, and life in cities changed. Important to world history because the Industrial revolution was the starting of machines.

Enclosure Act

1750 CE - 1860 CE

The Enclosure Act combines small farms to form larger farms. Which effects were crop rotation and seed drill. In addition the some farmers moved to cities.

Steam Engine invented by Watt

1763 CE

Factory Acts passed in England

1830 CE

Woman and Children working conditions in the Industrial Revolution were harsher than men. They were paid less and discipline more. In addition that since children were small, they could go into machines to repair them; and woman had to take care of their houses and children. This was important in world history because the Factory Acts limits work of woman and children to 12 hours/day.

Strong, flexible steel developed

1856 CE

Industrial Revolution ends

1914 CE

Modern Connections

Rwanda gains independence from belgium imperialist control

1232 CE

European Imperialism in Africa begins

1880 CE

Scopes Trial

1925 CE

Landmark American legal case in which a high school science teacher, John Scopes, was accused of violating Tennessee's Butler Act which made it unlawful to teach evolution. Evolution is the theory that all life on Earth descended from common ancestors though gradual change over time. Scope was found guilty, and evolution was illegal to teach because it denied the biblical account of mans origin by God. This is an important in world history because following this event it led to the repealing of the Butler Act in 1967 CE.

First Israel/Palestinian conflict

1948 CE

Un Genocide Convention in the aftermath of the Holocaust

1948 CE

Israel founded

1948 CE

Soviet Union launches first satellite (Sputnick) into Space

1957 CE

President Eisenhower makes Sputnick speech

1957 CE

In this speech President Eisenhower warn of the dangers of the military industrial complex

Space Race begins

1957 CE

The Soviet Union (Russia) and the U.S. had been in a technological race to be the first country to land a man on the moon. This was led by curiosity of what was the moon actually like. Prestige (good reputation) and power. And the "Bragging Rights". Important to world history because the Soviet Union launches the first satellite, Sputnick, into space. In addition that the United States is the first country to land on the moon.

Butler Act overturned

1967 CE

US lands first man on the moon

1969 CE

Globalization

1970 CE - 2012 CE

Globalization is the coming together of the economies of countries all around the world. It means that events that occur in our country affect what happens in another country anywhere in the world. Benefits of globalization increased trade/communication and increased quality of life. Costs were that in increase inequality, loos of American jobs, and large corporations take over the economy. This is important to world history because of the benefits that it brought and because it is still going on today.

Nixon Watergate scandal breaks out

1972 CE

Nixon is forced to resign

1974 CE

Paul Kagame rises to power and genocide in Rwanda ends

1994 CE

Romeo Dallaire goes to Rwanda to try to stop Genocide and is unsuccessful

1994 CE

Hutu power begins genocide of the Tutsis

1994 CE

President Clinton hosts Camp David Peace

2000 CE

Camp David Peace talks between Israeli & Palestinian leaders.

Rover lands on Mars

2004 CE