Makalah Hampton's Timeline

Early Humans and Neolithic Revolution

Humans first domesticate animals

10000 BCE - 9999 BCE

Neolithic Revolution begins, Humans first invent agriculture

8000 BCE - 7999 BCE

Before the Neolithic Revolution people were forced to move place to place to find food. Agriculture allowed for their to be permanent homes and job specialization

wheel invented

5000 BCE - 4999 BCE

First Civilizations

Civilization develops in Ancient Mesopotamia between Tigress and Euphrates

4000 BCE - 3999 BCE

Mummification begins in Egypt

3600 BCE - 3599 BCE

In Egypt they made pyramids to bury their pharaohs and their families in. They go through the process of mummification to prepare the body for their journey to the afterlife.

Invention of first writing system (Cuneiform - pictogram language)

3000 BCE - 2999 BCE

Since we now had a writing system, we could keep track of important events. Unlike languages today, instead of words they used pictures or symbols

Egyptian government ruled by Pharaoh

2700 BCE - 2699 BCE

The pharaoh was the head of the government and also believed to be a god. This made Ancient Egypt a theocracy. Theocracy was when government and religion was combined

First set of written laws (Code of Hammurabi)

1792 BCE - 1791 BCE

Since civilizations were starting to become so complex, and we had a form of written language, we could now have a set of written laws. These laws helped to form laws we have today.

World Religions

Abraham founds Jerusalem

1800 BCE - 1799 BCE

Hinduism founded in India (Bhagavad Gita written)

1700 BCE - 1699 BCE

Temple Mount built (modern site of the Wailing Wall)

957 BCE - 956 BCE

Sidhartha Guatama founds Buddhism

563 BCE - 562 BCE

Jesus born

4 BCE - 3 BCE

Jesus crucified on the cross

30 CE - 31 CE

Establishment of Christianity

40 CE - 41 CE

Muhammad (founder of Islam) born in Mecca

570 CE - 571 CE

Muhammad dies in Jerusalem at the Dome of the Rock site

632 CE - 633 CE

Greece/Rome

Civilization develops in Ancient Greece

1600 BCE - 1599 BCE

Homer wrote Iliad and the Odyssey

890 BCE - 889 BCE

City states of Athens and Sparts develop

800 BCE - 799 BCE

Athens and Sparta were divided by mountains. This led to them becoming independent, and to develop their own culture

Ancient Rome founded by Romulus and Remus

753 BCE - 752 BCE

Rome develops a Republic system of government with checks and balances

509 BCE - 508 BCE

Rome was a democratic republic. They had three branches of government (Senate, Consuls, and the Tribune). They also had checks on power and veto. The U.S. uses all of these aspects in our government today.

Democracy invented in Athens

508 BCE - 507 BCE

Socrates born, invents the Socratic method.

469 BCE - 468 BCE

Socrates was a Greek philosopher who invented the Socratic Method. The Socratic Method was making people learn through questioning. Today this technique is taught to future lawyers in law school.

Trial of Socrates, Socrates dies

399 BCE - 398 BCE

Augustus is first Emperor of the Roman Empire, Pax Romana

44 BCE - 43 BCE

Julius Caesar is murdered - Roman Republic Ends

44 BCE - 43 BCE

Roman Empire at its largest

117 CE - 118 CE

Aristotle born, studies with Plato

384 CE - 385 CE

Fall of the Roman Empire

410 CE - 411 CE

Europe in the Middle Ages

Arabs take control of Jerusalem

638 CE - 639 CE

Feudal system develops in Europe

850 CE - 851 CE

First Crusade

1099 CE - 1100 CE

Magna Carta limits the power of the British monarch

1215 CE - 1216 CE

First Bubonic Plague outbreak

1347 CE - 1348 CE

The Bubonic Plague led to the end of the feudal system, because it was less peasants to work so they could demand more pay. Most of the population was killed

Empires of Ghana and Mali

Complex societies exist in Ghana

1500 BCE - 1499 BCE

Kingdom of Ghana in Northwest Africa

830 CE - 1235 CE

Berber Empire takes over Ghana by military force

1235 CE - 1236 CE

Mansa Musa rules Kingdom of Mali

1280 CE - 1337 CE

Mansa Musa takes Hajj to Mecca

1324 CE - 1325 CE

Kingdom of Mali becomes weakened

1599 CE - 1600 CE

Renaissance

Dante writes Divine Comedy in Italy

1310 CE - 1311 CE

Donatello sculpts David

1430 CE - 1440 CE

Printing Press invented by Guttenberg. Renaissance begins.

1439 CE - 1440 CE

The printing press made books cheaper and more available. People were starting to become more educated. The Renaissance the rebirth of Greek learning and art.

Drawing technique of perspective invented.

1470 CE - 1471 CE

Perspective was invented, which made drawing seem more 3D and lifelike. People were starting to draw pictures that actually depicting the human body.

Leonardo Da Vinci dissects cadavers to better understand the human body

1489 CE - 1519 CE

Leonardo Da Vinci studied cadavers, which are dead bodies, and he made it possible for people to know what our bodies look like. His research has helped us to know how the body works and has helped cure diseases

Michelangelo sculpts La Pieta

1501 CE - 1502 CE

Leonardo Davinci paints Mona Lisa

1503 CE - 1504 CE

Raphael paints School of Athens

1510 CE - 1511 CE

Shakespeare born; writes the play Macbeth in England

1564 CE - 1565 CE

Cervantes writes the first novel Don Quixote in Spain

1600 CE - 1601 CE

Galileo provides evidence for heliocentricity and is put on trial by the Church

1610 CE - 1611 CE

William Harvey discovers the heart pumps blood around the body

1628 CE - 1629 CE

Isaac Newton discovers gravity

1687 CE - 1688 CE

Isaac Newton discovered gravity one day while he was sitting under an apple tree. An apple fell and hit him on the head. He studied gravity and found the formula for it.

Reformation

Martin Luther Nails 95 theses to Catholic Church;Protestant reformation starts

1517 CE - 1518 CE

Martin Luther nailed a piece of paper that had 95 reasons why he did not agree with the Catholic Church. This lead to the Protestant Reformation.

King Henry VIII is excommunicated and founds the Anglican Church in England

1531 CE - 1532 CE

King Henry wanted to divorce his wife, but this went against the ways of the Catholic church. He was banned so he went and started his own denomination.

John Calvin founds Calvinist Church based on idea of Predestination.

1536 CE - 1537 CE

Catholic Church holds Council of Trent and Counterreformation begins

1545 CE - 1563 CE

Age of Exploration

Aztecs domesticate maize (corn)

2500 BCE - 2499 BCE

Invention of the Astrolabe makes sea travel easier

1050 CE - 1051 CE

Aztecs invent chocolate

1200 CE - 1201 CE

Aztec city of Tenochtitlan founded

1325 CE - 1326 CE

Constantinople falls to the Ottoman Empire; land route to China is blocked.

1453 CE - 1454 CE

Christopher Columbus travels to the Americas instead.

1492 CE - 1493 CE

Christopher columbus was looking for a sea route to Asia, but landed on America instead. He thought he was in India, which is why he called the Native Americans Indians.

Age of Exploration begins in search of sea Route to China

1492 CE - 1493 CE

The land route to China from Europe was blocked, so they had to find a way to China for trade. They also were curious about what the sea held, since nobody had traveled it before.

Columbus returns; 17 ships & 1000 soldiers looking for 3 G's; ecomienda begins

1493 - 1494

Indigenous people in the Americas killed with smallpox blankets

1507 CE - 1508 CE

The Europeans gave the indigenous people smallpox through blankets. There was no cure for the disease so the Native American population died off quickly. This later led to the enslavement of African Americans

Spanish try to convert Aztecs & decimate the Aztec population

1519 - 1521

Spanish leader Cortes and Aztec King Montezuma meet

1519 CE - 1521 CE

Triangle Trade

Atlantic slave trade (Triangle Trade) begins

1600 CE - 1601 CE

Atlantic slave trade ends

1807 CE - 1808 CE

13th Amendment passed - slavery outlawed in US

1865 CE - 1866 CE

Enlightenment

Age of Enlightenment

1650 CE - 1804 CE

The Age of Enlightenment was a time in history when people decided that the government should be based on logic.

Thomas Hobbes writes Leviathon about how people need government.

1651 CE - 1652 CE

Thomas Hobbes believed that people were born "nasty, and brutish." He said they needed a government to control the terrible natures.

John Locke published 2nd Treatise on Government

1689 CE - 1690 CE

John Locke wrote this book to explain how humas are born naturally good, and they are born with natural rights. It tells what they should do if the government is not protecting those rights.

Montesquieu write Spirit of the Laws advocating separation of powers

1748 CE - 1749 CE

Rousseau writes treatise on Social Contract

1762 CE - 1763 CE

Voltaire invents the idea of civil liberties

1763 CE - 1764 CE

French and American Revolutions

British Parliament passes the Stamp Act

1765 CE - 1766 CE

British government pass the Tea Act

1773 CE - 1774 CE

Louis XVI rules as absolute monarch of France

1774 CE - 1789 CE

War breaks out between the British and American colonists

1775 CE - 1776 CE

Declaration of Independence written by Thomas Jefferson

1776 CE - 1777 CE

American Revolutionary War ends

1783 CE - 1784 CE

US Constitution written

1787 CE - 1788 CE

The US Constitution is a document that limits government power. It was based on the principles of Enlightenment thinkers.

Bill of Rights added to the US Constitution

1789 CE - 1790 CE

Storming of the Bastille

1789 CE - 1790 CE

The 3rd estate was not happy about the way they were treated in society so they snuck into the castle, and stole all of the weapons. They later attacked the royal castle.

Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen

1789 CE - 1790 CE

French Revolution begins with meeting of the Estates General

1789 CE - 1790 CE

Englishme Burke and Paine disagree about the French Revolution

1790 CE - 1791 CE

King Louis XVI executed and France declares itself a Republic

1792 CE - 1793 CE

Robespierre leads the Reign of Terror

1793 CE - 1794 CE

Napoleon comes to power & restores peace; writes Napoleonic Code

1804 CE - 1805 CE

Industrial Revolution begins

Seed Drill invented

1701 - 1702

Enclosure Acts

1750 - 1860

Factory system begins

1750 - 1751

Industrial Revolution begins

1750 - 1751

It was the movement in which machines changed people's way of life as well as their method of manufacture

Steam engine invented by Watt

1763 - 1764

Factory Acts passed in ENgland; limits hours of work for women/children

1830 - 1831

Strong, flexible steel developed

1856 - 1857

Industrial Revolution ends

1914 - 1915

Modern Connections

European Imperialism in Africa begins

1880 - 1881

Scopes Trial-John Scopes convicted of violating Butler Act

1925 - 1926

He taught evolution in public school

Rwanda gains independence from Belgium imperialist control

1932 - 1933

UN Genocide Convention in the aftermath of the Holocaust

1948 - 1949

Israel founded

1948 - 1949

First Israel/Palestinian conflict

1948 - 1949

President Eisenhower makes Sputnik speech

1957 - 1958

He warns of the dangers of the military industrial complex.

Space Race begins

1957 - 1958

The Space Race was started between the United States of America, and the Soviet Union (Russia). They wanted to win, because they wanted bragging rights, prestige, power, and their curiosity.

Soviet Union launches first satellite (Sputnik) into space

1957 - 1958

Butler Act overturned

1967 - 1968

US lands first man on the moon

1969 - 1970

Globalization

1970 - Present

Nixon Watergate scandal breaks out

1972 - 1973

Nixon is forced to resign

1974 - 1975

Romeo Dallaire goes to Rwanda to try to stop genocide

1994 - 1995

Hutu power begins genocide of the Tutsis

1994 - 1995

Paul Kagame rises to power and genocide in Rwanda ends

1994 - 1995

President Clinton hosts Camp David Peace talks

2000 - 2001

He holds Peace talks between Israeli and Palestinian leaders

Rover lands on Mars

2004 - 2005