This war took place from 1939 to 1945 involving the Allies, Canada, France, Britain, Russia, China, Poland, The Commonwealth, Belgium, The Netherlands, Norway, Yugoslavia, Czechoslovakia and later on, United States, Mexico, and Brazil. And the Axis, Germany, Japan, Italy, Hungary, Romania, and Bulgaria
This war was began after Germany invaded Poland. This caused Britain and France to declare war. Soon after Canada joined on the Allied side, and Japan on the Axis side, creating the Rome-Berlin-Tokyo Axis Soon after Japan attacked United States and they joined the Allied side.
This was the bomb that set off World War 2, France and Britain ordered Germany to cease its invasion on Poland and when it refused, war was declared. This was Germany's opportunity to test their new warfare, Blitzkrieg. A lightning fast invasion, bombing key defense positions followed by armor and infantry rushes, ending invasions with great speed.
This was a big turning point in Canada's independence, as Canada didn't automatically join the war with Britain. Instead Parliament voted on whether or not to go to war. Parliament wasn't to finish until October 2nd but finished early. War was declared September 8th
Germany had begun it's mass invasion of countries displaying that this truly was a world war. In April 1940, Germany invaded Denmark and Norway to secure shipments of iron ore from Sweden.Denmark immediately capitualated and Norway followed 2 months after. Note: This led to Winston Churchill being chosen as PM. Germany invaded France, Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg on 10 May 1940. The Netherlands and Belgium were overrun in weeks because of blitzkrieg tactics. France was invaded by Germany and Italy on June 10th 1940. This led to the mass evacuation of British troops from Dunkirk.
On the 22nd of June, France surrendered leaving almost all of Britain's armed forces in an extremely unfavourable position. The Evacuation Of Dunkirk was a desperate attempt to save Britains forces or else they would lose their entire army. The following is a picture of the evacuation and a graph of it.
The Battle of Britain was the first major campaign to be fought entirely by air forces. This was also the largest and most sustained aerial bombing campaign to that date. The following is a picture of German Bombers over the English Channel and also, a picture from the bombing of London.
Pearl Harbour was the attack of an American Naval Base to prevent United States from interfering with Japan's motives in southeast Asia. This prompted United States to enter the war on the 11th of December 1941.Here is a picture of Pearl Harbour during the attack and an attacked US ship
Britain seen Hong Kong as a point to slow the Japanese and gain time elsewhere in the war and wanted troops there for traditional purposes as it was a hard place to defend although, later the opinion changed and Canada was to send two battalions to Hong Kong to bolster numbers. The battle was a tremendous defeat and all survivors were imprisioned.This battle also became known as Black Christmas. The following is a picture of Canadian reinforcements
Mackenzie asked of Canada not to immediately conscript but to be able to take back its promise not to conscript during the 1940's election. In other words, "Conscription if necessary" The Bill passed with a majority of 63 percent.
This was a planned German attack to take Stalingrad and kindle the campaign against Russia after Operation Barbarossa. This however, failed and led to the final collapse of Germany and Operation Uranus, a Soviet counter offensive against the weakened Axis forces. The following is a picture of a Russian soldier waving a red flag over Stalingrad
Also known as Operation Husky, this was a naval and airborne based battle where the allies attempted to take Sicily and Italy in an attempt to take Italy out of the war. The following is a picture of Canadians in Sicily
Hitler imposed a systematic genocide of all Jewish people
Camps populated by those who didn't fit the Nazi's schema of "True Germans" were put into concentration camps where they were worked to death. These camps were liberated all throughout 1944 to 1945
Also known as Operation Dragoon this was taken into place after D-Day had finished this was plans to liberate a majority of the German-captured countries. It began with France, Paris was liberated August 25th. Canada specifically helped liberate France on the beaches of Normandy and also flushed the Germans out of the Netherlands and freed it from German Control.
D-Day was the first day of the Normandy invasion, a series of overlapping plans of invasions against Germany. This truly was the decisive battle of WW2. One of the key successes of these operations was Operation Fortitude South which convinced Hitler that the Allies' plan was for their main attack to be across the Straits of Dover, however they invaded through the beaches of Normandy. Such beach operations included Omaha Beach, Utah Beach, Sword Beach, Gold Beach, and the Canadian contribution, Juno Beach. Juno Beach was assigned to the 3rd Canadian Infantry Division, commanded by Major General Rodney Keller. This although didn't acquire the original objectives was considered one of the more successful D-Day landings. The following is a Canadian Regiment from Winnipeg making its way on to Juno Beach
This was the official date of Germany's surrender. It was signed on the 7th of May in France, and the 8th in Berlin. V-E stands for Victory in Europe. The following is a picture of Churchill waving to his people as peace was made
United States sent an ultimatum for Japan's surrender however Japan ignored the ultimatum. This led to USA bombing the twot argets to end the war once and for all. The bombing of Hiroshima happened on the Sixth of August and Nagasaki on the Ninth. The following is a picture of the explosions over both cities
This marks the date of the surrender ceremony of Japan where peace was officially made. This was also known as V-J Day, Victory in Japan day. The following is a picture of the ceremony
This battle determined naval dominance over the Atlantic. However the Kriegsmarine (German Navy) couldn't stand up to the combined British Royal Navy and Marine Nationale
On 29 April 1940, the first Canadian training course officially commenced, with 221 recruits. The first BCATP-trained pilots posted to Europe as a group were 37 RAAF personnel who graduated in November 1941.
This was Germany's plan to invade Russia. The invasion was set for 15 May 1941 but on 5 December 1940, Hitler received military plans for the invasion. Note: Hitler's Mein Kampf hinted to Germany invading Russia saying that Germany will rule the east as it did 600 years ago.
The Battle of Ortona was a small battle between 2 battalions of the 1st Canadian Infantry Division versus 2 battalions of the 1st German Parachute Division the Canadians defended Ortona and defeated the hardened veterans from the paratroop division. The following is a picture of a Canadian sniper during the Battle of Ortona
The British Navy was convinced that the Convoy System was crucial to the war across the Atlantic although found itself in a shortage of resources to introduce it adequately.
After the attack on Pearl Harbour all Japanese Canadians were sent to Internment Camps as a matter of Nation Security
This was a major Allied defeat against Germany, which took place at the German-occupied port of Dieppe. This battle was such a devastating defeat, it was ended in 5 hours and 50 minutes.