World History Study Guide

Early Humans and Neolithic Revolution

10000 BCE: Humans first domesticate animals

10000 BCE

8000 BCE: Neolithic Revolution begins; Humans first invented agriculture

8000 BCE

5000 BCE: wheel invented

5000 BCE

First Civilization

Civilization develops in Ancient Mesopotamia between Tigress and Euphrates

4000 BCE

Mummification begins in Egypt

3600 BCE

Invention of first writing system ( Cuneiform - pictogram language

3000 BCE

Egyptian government ruled by Pharoah

2700 BCE

First set of written laws ( Code of Hammurabi )

1792 BCE

World Religions

Abraham founds Judaism

1800 BCE

Hinduism founded in India (Bhagavad Gita written)

1700 BCE

Temple Mount built (modern site of the Wailing Wall)

957 BCE

This is one of the reason why they are at "War" with another country.

Sidhartha Guatama founds Buddhism

563 BCE

Jesus born


Jesus crucified on the cross

30 CE

This is when the development of the religion came to place.

Establishment of Christianity

40 CE

Muhammad (founder of Islam) born in Mecca

570 CE

Muhammad dies in Jerusalem at the Dome of the Rock site

632 CE


Civilization develops in Ancient Greece

1600 BCE

Homer write Iliad and the Odyssey

890 BCE

City states of Athens and Sparta develop

800 BCE

Ancient Rome founded by Romulus and Remus

753 BCE

Rome develops Republic system of government with checks and balances

509 BCE

Democracy invented in Athens

508 BCE

This was important to society because if it wasn't for this we wouldn't have what we have in America today.

Socrates born: invents Socratic Method

469 BCE

Trial of Socrates; Socrates dies

399 BCE

Augustus is first Emperor of the Roman Empire; Pax Romana

44 BCE

Julius Caesar is murdered - Roman Republic ends

44 BCE

Roman Empire at its largest

117 CE

Aristotle born; studies with Plato

384 CE

Fall of the Roman Empire

410 CE

Europe in the Middle Ages

Arabs take control of Jerusalem

638 CE

Feudal system develops in Europe

850 CE

Magna Carta limits the power of British monarch

1215 CE

First Bubonic Plage outbreak

1347 CE

First Crusade

1599 CE

Empires of Ghana and Mali

Complex societies exist in Ghana

1500 BCE

Kingdom of Ghana in Northwest Africa

830 CE - 1235 CE

Berber Empire takes over Ghana by military force

1235 CE

Mansa Musa rules Kingdom of Mali

1280 CE - 1337 CE

Mansa Musa takes Hajj to Mecca

1324 CE

Kingdom of Mali becomes weakened

1599 CE


Dante writes Divine Comedy in Italy

1310 CE

Donatello sculpts David

1430 CE - 1440 CE

This is the beginning of the art phase of the world.

Printing Press invented by Guttenberg. Renaissance begins


Drawing technique of perspective invented

1470 CE

Leonardo DaVinci dissects for cadavers to gain understanding of human body

1489 CE - 1519 CE

Michelangelo sculpts La Pieta

1501 CE

Leonardo Da Vinci paints Mona Lisa

1503 CE

Raphael paints School of Athens

1510 CE - 1511 CE

Shakespeare born; writes the play Macbeth in England

1564 CE

Cervantes writes the first novel Don Quixote in Spain


Galileo provides evidence for heliocentricity and is put on trial by the Church

1610 CE

William Harvey discovers the heart pumps blood around the body

1628 CE

Isaac Newton discovers gravity

1687 CE


Martin Luther nails 95 Theses to the Guttenberg Church

1517 CE

King Henry VII is excommunicated and founds the Anglican Church in England

1531 CE

John Calvin founds Calvinist Church based on idea of Predestination

1536 CE

Catholic Church holds Council of Trent and Counterreformation begins

1545 CE - 1563 CE

Age of Exploration

Aztecs domesticate maize (corn)

2500 BCE

Invention of the Astrolabe makes sea travel easier

1050 CE

Aztecs invent chocolate

1200 CE

Aztec city of Tenochtitlan founded

1325 CE

Constantinople falls to the Ottoman Empire

1453 CE

Age of Exploration begins in search of a sea route to China

1453 CE

Columbus returns to Island of Espanola with 17 ships and 1000 soldiers

1493 CE

Christopher Columbus travels to the Americas instead

1493 CE

Indigenous people in the Americas killed with smallpox blankets

1507 CE

Spanish leader Cortes and Aztecs King Montezuma meet

1519 CE - 1521 CE

Spanish try to convert Aztecs and decimate the Aztec population

1519 CE - 1521 CE

Triangle Trade

Atlantic slave trade (Triangle Trade) begins

1600 CE

Atlantic slave trade ends

1807 CE

13th Amendment passed - slavery outlawed in US

1865 CE


Age of Enlightenment

1650 CE - 1804 CE

Thomas Hobbes writes Leviathon

1651 CE

John Locke published 2nd Treatise on Government

1689 CE

Montesquieu write Spirit of the Laws advocating separation of power

1748 CE

Rousseau writes treatise on Social Contract

1762 CE

Voltaire invents the idea of civil liberties

1763 CE

French and American Revolutions

British Parliament passes the Stamp Act

1765 CE

British government passes Tea Act

1773 CE

Louis XVI rules as absolute monarch of France

1774 CE - 1789 CE

War breaks out between British and the American colonists

1775 CE

Declaration of Independence written by Thomas Jefferson

1776 CE

American Revolutionary War ends

1783 CE

US Constitution written

1787 CE

Bill of Rights added to the US Constitution

1789 CE

Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen

1789 CE

Storming of the Bastille

1789 CE

French Revolution begins with meeting of the Estates General

1789 CE

Englishmen Burke and Paine disagree about the French Revolution

1790 CE

King Louis XVI executed and France declares itself a Republic

1792 CE

Robespierre leads Reign of Terror

1793 CE - 1794 CE

Napoleon comes to power and restores peace; writes Napoleonic Code

1804 CE

Industrial Revolution

Seed Drill invented

1701 CE

This was the beginning of advanced tech in the world.

Factory system begins

1750 CE

Enclosure Acts

1750 CE - 1860 CE

Industrial Revolution begins

1750 CE

Steam engine invented by Watt

1763 CE

Factory Acts passed in England limiting work of women and children to 12 hours

1830 CE

Strong, flexible steel developed

1856 CE

Industrial Revolution ends

1914 CE

Modern Connections

European Imperialism in Africa begins

1880 CE

Scopes Trial - John Scopes convicted of violating Butler Act

1925 CE

Rwanda gains independence from Belgium imperialist control

1932 CE

UN Genocide Convention in the aftermath of the Holocaust

1948 CE

Israel founded

1948 CE

First Israel/Palestinian conflict

1948 CE

Space Race begins

1957 CE

President Eisenhower makes Sputnik speech

1957 CE

Soviet Union launches first satellite (Sputnick) into Space

1957 CE

Butler Act overturned

1967 CE

US lands first man on the moon

1969 CE

present: Globalization

1970 CE

This is when we started to trade amongst each other from country to country.

Nixon Watergate scandal breaks out

1972 CE

Nixon is forced to resign

1974 CE

Paul Kagame rises to power and genocide in Rwanda ends

1994 CE

Romeo Dallaire goes to Rwanda to try to stop the Genocide and is unsuccessful

1994 CE

Hutu Power begins genocide of the Tutisis

1994 CE

President Clinton host Camp David Peace between Israeli and Palestinian leaders

2000 CE

Rover lands on Mars

2004 CE

They would think just because they got a rover to land on Mars they think it is livable for us.