Education Timeline

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Socratic Method

470 BC - 399 BC

Helped Students to apply knowledge.

Age Of Pericles

455 BC - 431 BC

During this time the thirst for education led the Greek city states to create their own systems for formal education.

Plato

427 BC - 347 BC

Plato believed that people should all be taught according to the role they would play in society.

Aristotle

384 BC - 322 BC

He believed that the quality of a society had such a direct correlation to the quality of that societies education system, that it was a must for a society to make education a top priority. Aristotle, unlike Socrates and Plato, took a very scientific and practical approach to education.

Roman Empire Designs School System

50 BC - 200

After Conquering Greece Rome modeled their school system after the Greeks.

St. Augustine of Hippo

354 - 430

Augustine believed that education had to start with the familiar and move to the unfamiliar and learning is not necessarily an active process.

Christianity Becomes State Religion

380

With Christianity official it could spread easily and begin changing ideas and establishing a system.

Dark ages

400 - 1000

Political and religious oppression kept many from growing intellectually.

Mohammed

570 - 632

Mohammad started the religion of Islam. Islam is given credit for preserving Greece and Roman culture. They produced their own crop of original thinkers.

Education of Woman no longer ignored

1101 - 1200

Rise of the University

1101 - 1300

Thomas Aquinas

1225 - 1274

Wrote "Summa Theologica" this book had doctrinal authority in the scholastic movement and the Roman Catholic Church that he felt was becoming corrupt. He helped form medieval universities.

Renaissance

1300 - 1700

People began to resist the Dogma of the church. It started in Italy and spread to the rest of Europe. It also resulted in Humanism.

Printing press

1439

Suddenly it was much easier to make books and ideas could more easily be spread. This was a great help to the Reformation with Luther's 99 theses.

Erasmus

1466 - 1536

A Dutch humanist. His edition of the New Testament provided a link between humanism and the reformation. He also wrote educational texts.

Sir Thomas More

1478 - 1535

Most famous English Humanist. Hey played a key role in developing Greek studies in England.

Martian Luther and the Reformation

1483 - 1546

Martian Luther posted his 99 theses in 1517 and started the reformation. He stated his disagreement with the Catholic church (including formal education). This movement spread literacy so that people could read the Bible for themselves. Protestants are also a result of the Reformation.

Francis Rabelais

1495 - 1553

Developed the idea of getting to the base of thinking and promoted developing reason over memorizing information.

Philip Melanchthon

1497 - 1560

Pushed everyone needing to be able to read.

Society of Jesus formed.

1534

Ignatius Loyola founded this school that was intended to train missionaries but became a teaching order with the Council of Trent stressing teaching activities.

The Council of Trent

1545 - 1563

The church took some time to warm up to the reformation and its changes, particularly education. At the Council of Trent the Popes Got together and discussed doctrine, internal reforms and educational traditions. Many of the issues the protestants had with the church were removed.

Francis Bacon

1561 - 1626

Because he disliked scholasticism Bacon and wanted to replace it with scientific methods. He believed the scientific method should be applied to everything, even education. He came up with the four idols that hindered the search for truth. The idols of the tribe, marketplace, cave and theater.

John Locke

1632 - 1704

John Locke introduces children being a blank slate.

Harvard Established

1636

Harvard wanted to prepare ministers and is the first colonial college. Soon other colleges like Yale and Princeton were formed.

Enlightenment

1701 - 1800

The age of enlightenment changed the world to a more universal outlook . This period is also known as the Age of Reason. This cultural movement was intended to remake society into critical things through intellectual pursuit.

Benjamin Franklin

1706 - 1790

Forms the American Philosophical Society which fosters the European Enlightenment from Locke into America. He also established the first English Academy in Philadelphia.

Jean Jacques Rousseau

1712 - 1778

Rousseau wrote Emile. A book on his ideas of how to take a good pure child and protect them. He had a lot of insights into what was wrong with the schooling system of the time despite many of his false assumptions.

Industrial Revolution

1775

As mass production became available mass education was needed.

Two Track Education System

1779

Thomas Jefferson asks "Why learn what I won't use?" These two tracks were for the laborers and the thinkers.

Sunday School Movement

1785

Reformers began to pay attention to the lack of physical, moral and religious welfare tended to in schools.

Young Ladies Acadamy

1787

The first all girl school is formed in Philadelphia.

Black Board

1801

This important classroom object is still sometimes seen today. James Pillan invented it. In 1820 the slate (like the iPad version of the chalkboard) was invented.

First Woman to graduate Medical School

1849

Elizabeth Blackwell graduates from Geneva Medical College. She became a major pioneer for women in the medical field.

Darwin

1859

Darwin Publishes The Origin of Species which will lead to the Theory of Evolution that will largely replace creation in schools.

First Kindergarden

1860

Dewy Decimal System

1876

Since it's invention anyone can walk into almost any library and find the book they want with a system they know.

First Board of Education Established

1899

First Community College

1901

Joliet Junior College in Joliet, Illinois, opened, becoming the first public community college in the U.S.

SAT

1926

Based on the Army Alpha Test the SAT is designed and controlled by the college board and assets even today a persons readiness for college.

Stock Market Crash

1929

The Great Depression Starts with the stock market crash and funding for schools suffer greatly.

Brown Vs. Board of Education

1954

Races in American schools are no longer separated into diffrent buildings.

ACT

1956

The first ACT was given in 1956, like the SAT many colleges look at it.

Computers introduced to Schools

1956

The first computer in a public school was used to teach bianary math.

Banned Prayer in schools

1962

Public Schools have tossed aside Christian roots.

Handheld Calculator

1970

The first handheld calculator was invented. At first teachers were timid of them because they might undermine learning.

First e-book

1971

Home School Movement

1981

A book by John Holt encourages the rekindling movement for homeschooling.

Personal Computers

1981

The PC is invented. In 86 they enter schools.

White Board

1990

The white board starts to replace the blackboard.

Smart Board

1991

The first interactive white board is introduced.

Higher Education Act

1998

Teachers now had to produce report cards on how they were doing.

Google

1998

Suddenly everything was at a students fingertips.

No Child Left Behind

2001