Helped Students to apply knowledge.
During this time the thirst for education led the Greek city states to create their own systems for formal education.
Plato believed that people should all be taught according to the role they would play in society.
He believed that the quality of a society had such a direct correlation to the quality of that societies education system, that it was a must for a society to make education a top priority. Aristotle, unlike Socrates and Plato, took a very scientific and practical approach to education.
After Conquering Greece Rome modeled their school system after the Greeks.
Augustine believed that education had to start with the familiar and move to the unfamiliar and learning is not necessarily an active process.
With Christianity official it could spread easily and begin changing ideas and establishing a system.
Political and religious oppression kept many from growing intellectually.
Mohammad started the religion of Islam. Islam is given credit for preserving Greece and Roman culture. They produced their own crop of original thinkers.
Wrote "Summa Theologica" this book had doctrinal authority in the scholastic movement and the Roman Catholic Church that he felt was becoming corrupt. He helped form medieval universities.
People began to resist the Dogma of the church. It started in Italy and spread to the rest of Europe. It also resulted in Humanism.
Suddenly it was much easier to make books and ideas could more easily be spread. This was a great help to the Reformation with Luther's 99 theses.
A Dutch humanist. His edition of the New Testament provided a link between humanism and the reformation. He also wrote educational texts.
Most famous English Humanist. Hey played a key role in developing Greek studies in England.
Martian Luther posted his 99 theses in 1517 and started the reformation. He stated his disagreement with the Catholic church (including formal education). This movement spread literacy so that people could read the Bible for themselves. Protestants are also a result of the Reformation.
Developed the idea of getting to the base of thinking and promoted developing reason over memorizing information.
Pushed everyone needing to be able to read.
Ignatius Loyola founded this school that was intended to train missionaries but became a teaching order with the Council of Trent stressing teaching activities.
The church took some time to warm up to the reformation and its changes, particularly education. At the Council of Trent the Popes Got together and discussed doctrine, internal reforms and educational traditions. Many of the issues the protestants had with the church were removed.
Because he disliked scholasticism Bacon and wanted to replace it with scientific methods. He believed the scientific method should be applied to everything, even education. He came up with the four idols that hindered the search for truth. The idols of the tribe, marketplace, cave and theater.
John Locke introduces children being a blank slate.
Harvard wanted to prepare ministers and is the first colonial college. Soon other colleges like Yale and Princeton were formed.
The age of enlightenment changed the world to a more universal outlook . This period is also known as the Age of Reason. This cultural movement was intended to remake society into critical things through intellectual pursuit.
Forms the American Philosophical Society which fosters the European Enlightenment from Locke into America. He also established the first English Academy in Philadelphia.
Rousseau wrote Emile. A book on his ideas of how to take a good pure child and protect them. He had a lot of insights into what was wrong with the schooling system of the time despite many of his false assumptions.
As mass production became available mass education was needed.
Thomas Jefferson asks "Why learn what I won't use?" These two tracks were for the laborers and the thinkers.
Reformers began to pay attention to the lack of physical, moral and religious welfare tended to in schools.
The first all girl school is formed in Philadelphia.
This important classroom object is still sometimes seen today. James Pillan invented it. In 1820 the slate (like the iPad version of the chalkboard) was invented.
Elizabeth Blackwell graduates from Geneva Medical College. She became a major pioneer for women in the medical field.
Darwin Publishes The Origin of Species which will lead to the Theory of Evolution that will largely replace creation in schools.
Since it's invention anyone can walk into almost any library and find the book they want with a system they know.
Joliet Junior College in Joliet, Illinois, opened, becoming the first public community college in the U.S.
Based on the Army Alpha Test the SAT is designed and controlled by the college board and assets even today a persons readiness for college.
The Great Depression Starts with the stock market crash and funding for schools suffer greatly.
Races in American schools are no longer separated into diffrent buildings.
The first ACT was given in 1956, like the SAT many colleges look at it.
The first computer in a public school was used to teach bianary math.
Public Schools have tossed aside Christian roots.
The first handheld calculator was invented. At first teachers were timid of them because they might undermine learning.
A book by John Holt encourages the rekindling movement for homeschooling.
The PC is invented. In 86 they enter schools.
The white board starts to replace the blackboard.
The first interactive white board is introduced.
Teachers now had to produce report cards on how they were doing.
Suddenly everything was at a students fingertips.