Civil War Timeline

Southern Succession


The withdrawal from the United States of eleven southern states in 1860 and 1861. The seceding states formed a government, the Confederacy, in early 1861. Hostilities against the remaining United States, the Union, began in April 1861, and the Civil War followed.

Confederacy Forms

Feb 8th, 1861

Writ of Habeas used

Apr 27th, 1861

A writ of habeas corpus is used to bring a prisoner or other detainee (e.g. institutionalized mental patient) before the court to determine if the person's imprisonment or detention is lawful. A habeas petition proceeds as a civil action against the State agent who holds the defendant in custody.



Attrition warfare is a military strategy consisting of belligerent attempts to win a war by wearing down the enemy to the point of collapse through continuous losses in personnel and material. The war will usually be won by the side with greater such resources.

Second Battle Of Bull Run

Aug 28, 1862

The Second Battle of Bull Run (Manassas) proved to be the deciding battle in the Civil War campaign waged between Union and Confederate armies in northern Virginia in 1862.

Emancipation Proclamation

Sept 22, 1862

Lincoln Issues the Emancipation Proclamation. One month later, after the qualified Union victory in the Battle of Antietam, Lincoln issued a preliminary proclamation warning that in all states still in rebellion on January 1, 1863, he would declare their slaves “then, thenceforward, and forever free.”

Martial Law Implemented

Sept 15, 1863

Typically, the imposition of martial law accompanies curfews; the suspension of civil law, civil rights, and habeas corpus; and the application or extension of military law or military justice to civilians.

Battle of Antieam

Sept 17th, 1863

The Battle of Antietam, also known as the Battle of Sharpsburg, particularly in the Southern United States, was fought on September 17, 1862, between Confederate General Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern

Gettysburg Address Given

Nov 1864

The Gettysburg Address is a speech delivered by Abraham Lincoln at the November 19, 1863, dedication of Soldier's National Cemetery, a cemetery for Union soldiers killed at the Battle Of Gettysburg during the American Civil War.

President Lincoln Assassination

April 15, 1865

Jon Wilkes Booth shot Lincoln at Ford's Theatre, at the back of the head.