Tacky's revolt; the largest slave uprising of the century. Many Slaves were killed and it devastated the economy.
Key Abolitionist: Granville Sharp
1765 - 1767
An incident with a slave angers Sharp and his outrage towards slavery increases.
Hope for Slaves
22 June 1772
A slave is granted freedom in England thanks to Granville Sharp.
The Abolitionist Cause
1774 - 1783
John Wesley (father of Methodist movement) became the first major religious leader to denounce slavery.
29 November 1781 - 1 December 1781
133 slaves were thrown overboard on an off course ship.
The "Zong" goes to court
18 march 1783
The incident was not tried as a murder case - but rather a disputed insurance claim as if the slaves were property.
An Essay Ignites the Anti-Slavery Movement
Thomas Clarksons award winning essay inspired his driving passion to end slavery.
Parliament Gets Involved
MP William Wilberforce is converted to the abolitionist cause, and agrees to lead abolitionists in parliament.
Anti-Slavery Committee is Formed
22 May 1787
The Committee aimed to abolish British slave trade.
Thomas Clarkson travels through England gathering evidence on the slave trade. A man shows Thompson how sailors are manipulated into being part of the slave trade. Clarkson is outraged.
An Attempt to Silence
Thomas Clarkson escapes officers in Liverpool that intended to kill him. He sees chains, shackles, and other torturous devices used to handle the slaves.
The Abolition Movement through Art
Pottery designer Josiah Wedgwood creates a heartwrenching logo for the abolitionist movement.
Black Londoners Thank Granville Sharp
15 December 1787
Twelve black londoners wrote a letter of thanks to Granville Sharp for his anti-slavery work. A former slave named Quobna Ottobah writes a book denouncing slavery, it becomes widespread across England.
Abolition Campaign Gains Massive Support
20% of inhabitants of Manchester signed the petition against the slave trade.
Propaganda Shocks the Public
An anti-slavery committee created a horrific poster showing how slaves are transported, it shows them lying on the floor and crammed as close together as they could possibly be.
Pro Slavery Groups Fight Back
1788 - 1792
Pro slavery groups began to fight back against anti-slavery groups. The cases are brought to Parliament, Clarkson reads excerpts from the testimony from many anti-slave trade witnesses. This later become a best selling nonfiction anti-slavery work of all time.
Women Get Involved
1791 - 1792
In an attempt to put pressure on the slave trade industry, (mostly) women stopped buying slave-trade sugar. However, the desired outcome was not achieved.
House of Commons
3 April 1792
Due to pressure from the public, the house of commons voted yes to banning the slave trade. However, it would take several years for the bill to pass and by that time the House of Lords would refuse the bill.
1793 - 1798
War between Britain and France broke out, halting abolition movements in Britain. After several years of war, rebel slaves under T'oussaint L'Ouverture forced the British forces out of Haiti, defeating them.
The British & French Slave Trade
Abolitionists, even more than before, began to rise after the war. James Stephen proposed that the British and French should diminish slave trading using British ships. This bill was passed.
Parliament Bans the Slave Trade
February 1807 - March 1807
New Prime Minister, Lord Grenville felt sympathetic to the cause and, with his help, abolitionists succeeded in persuading parliament to ban British participation in the slave trade entirely.
1816 - 1832
The ban in Britain raised hope for slaves all around the world. Slaves began revolting in large numbers, burning down more than 100 plantations. The military had difficulty suppressing this revolt and because of this, Britain become increasingly more afraid of slave uprisings.
Parliament Abolishes Slavery
31 July 1833
British Parliament voted to end slavery.
Freedom at Last?
1 August 1838
Slaves became legally free. Celebration ensued, and slavery was symbolically buried in a coffin.