After Granville Sharp helped aid a slave, Johnathan Strong, back to health and found him a job. This sparked his interest in abolishing slavery.
James Somerset was in an out of slavery, when he was temporarily relased he contacted Granville Sharp to help him gain his freedom permanently.
John Welsey, a Methodist published his book "Thougts Upon Slavery" in 1774. He was the first major religous leader to denounce slavery.
The Quakers were the first religious group to take a very serious offence to slavery and fight against it. They formed a committee to lobby parliament and the public for abolition of slavery, but no one took them seriously because the quakers were so different compared to other Christans.
The Zong voyage went fomr November 29th - December 1st of 1781, during this time after the ship went off course, many of the slaves fell ill and 133 of the slaves were ordered to be thrown overboard. Once this came to court, there was no mention of murder, but only of insurance claims and fraud. Sharp attempted to write angry letters to government, but none were considered.
Human freedom was becoming more of an issue, and William Pitt convineced William Wilberforce, an Anglican, to take up the abolition cause in Parliment.
Thomas Clarkson and Granville Sharp are in attendance. They make a more "realistic" goal of abolishing British slave trade ( as opposed to abolishing slavery completely). This still was an almost impossible goal during the time.
Olaudah Equiano, Quobna Ottobah Cugoano and 10 other men signed a letter thanking Granville Sharp for his anti-slavery work. The called themselves the Sons of Africa.
A Petition again slavery was put out and signed by over 20% of Manchester's population. They did this because they couldnt vote and by the end of 1788 more than 60,000 people had signed the petition, which for the first time in history was the largest amount of people petitioning on behalf of people of a different colour. ( and on another continent.)
Slave ship owners, merchants and sugar planters were not onboard with abolition. They believed without slaves and slave trade that the economy would fail.
Thomas Clarkson brought forth witnesses to testify the brutality of the slavery and the harsh living conditions. and Pro-slavery men fought this by saying the slaves wanted to be taken across the Atlantic. Over these hearings Clarkson complied transcripts and evidence that slavery was barbaric brutality. He presented over 1000 peices of evidence to MP's when they were given the oppertunity to vote on slavery. Eventually these transcipts were turned into one of the best non-fiction anti-slavery work, and was used in America (USA) 60 years later.
Many Britsh thought that if slavery was not going to be slowed or stopped, they would boycott their product. As many as 300,000 British people stopped eating sugar entirely as to protest slavery. This didn't work out in their favour as well as they had hoped.
Over 519 petitions were put out and over 390,000 people signed them to stop slavery and British Slave trade.
The House of Commons became the first national legislative anywhere in the world to vote in favour of banning the slave trade. The vote showed that the Bill could be passed, but the Lords refused.
British and French Start a war for about 20 years that puts abolition on hold.
Women realized that the slave rate in the West Indies was growing quickly. Anti-Slavery was revived and Thomas Clarkson was even there trying to work to slow and stop Slavery.
The Revolt of the Jamaicans forced the Parilement to reconsider their slave laws.
133 slaves thrown overboard because they were no longer valuable for selling, and Captain Luke Collingwood believed he could get some sort of insurance claim on the lost slaves.
Peter Peckard believed that slavery should be stopped. Some of Sharp's letter reached him and he devoted his life to stopping slavery.
Slave traders didn't like this an attempted to assasinate Clarkson, but failed.
During London's public debates, over half of the debates were about Abolition. ( 2 debates were said to be by an ex-slave and a woman, which was unhead of at the time.)
The abolition movement began to spead to women and all people of different classes, high and low class.