The Niagara Movement was founded by W. E. B. Du Bois, William Monroe Trotter, and Mary Burnett Talber. When the Niagara Movement began, fewer than one black man in ten could vote.
Nevertheless, Du Bois tried to broaden the movement’s base and increase its support through a weekly publication, "The Moon Illustrated", which ceased publication after only a year.
Another periodical, The Horizon: A Journal of the Color Line, partially subsidized by Du Bois, was published monthly
Less than fifty people showed up at the 1908 meeting, held at Oberlin College in Ohio.
Believing the Movement to be "practically dead", Booker T. Washington also prepared an obituary of the organization for the New York Age to publish.
The 1908 Springfield Race Riot spurred white reformers into action
Descendants of white abolitionists called for concerted action for social justice by black and white leaders of all philosophical views.
When The Horizon: A Journal of the Color Line was folded into the NAACP’s The Crisis, which has appeared monthly ever since.
Booker T. Washington died
Washington promised to send a representative but never did, and he secretly opposed the new organization, causing other black leaders to withhold support.