The Industrial Revolution brought great changes in Europe, specifically in Great Britain. Not only did many people move from the countryside to cities and towns, but many farmers became factory workers. All of these changes had both positive and negative effects on the country. Suddenly, human rights were at the forefront as poor working conditions plagued the people. Individuals became increasingly aware and intolerant of their mistreatment. As people fought to improve their situation, living situations saw improvement for the first time in centuries. Also, inventions such as the printing press and the greater use of printing led to an increase in literacy among the common people. When the ability to read became more widespread, citizens demanded to be allowed to participate in government. With greater political participation by the masses came greater restrictions on government, the ability for individuals to make their own decisions and more individual rights and freedoms. All of these aspects are key to classical liberalism.
In addition to increased desire for rights and political power, the industrial revolution also saw the development of a middle class as more and more people became successful. As there was now a greater number of wealthy, successful people, the nobles, lords and monarchs had less power. Ultimately, this led to the empowerment of the common people, and they became capable of achieving the power that they so desired.