Russian Revolution

Main

Czar Nicholas became ruer of Russia

1894

Russian Social-Democratic Labor party meeting was held

1903

party splits into 2 factions into Mensheviks(minority) and Bolsheviks(majority)

Alexei was born.

1904

Alexei is the first son of Czar Nicholas II and Alexandra, and the heir to rule Russia.

Bloody Sunday in St. Petersburg

1905

Bloody Sunday was a massacre where demonstrators who were petitioning agains the Czarist regime were shot and killed. This event is the beginning of the Russian Revolution.

Fundamental Laws of 1906

1906

The Fundamental Laws of 1906 were created, and the idea of the constitution was to change the absolutist government into one where the emperor would share power with a parliament.

World War I begins

1914

World War I showed how poor of a military leader Czar Nicholas II was, resulting in severe casualties in war, and how poor their economy was. Soldiers were sent into war unarmed and told to pick up rifles from fallen soldiers.

Rasputin assassinated

1916

Rasputin was of the peasantry, and was uneducated, however he was viewed as a holy man, and loved by Alexandra, Czar Nicholas II wife's. Because of this he had great political influence, and would often interfere with government affairs.
His ideas were not loved by the people resulting in his assassination, where he was shot three times, then tied up and thrown in the Neva river, where he escaped his bonds and drowned.

Russian Revolution of 1917

1917
  • Feb. 23-17: The February Revolution occurs, where demonstrations in Petrograd regarding the famine occurred.
  • Apr. 3: Lenin returns from his three year exile.
  • Jul. 3-7: The July Days in Petrograd occur, where protests agains the provisional government took place. The Bolsheviks were unable to contain the protests and Lenin was forced into hiding. -Aug. 22: A counterrevolution is formed, led by General Lavr Kornilov, the commander of the Russian Army.
  • Oct. 25: The Bolsheviks Take over Petrograd, the 2nd largest Russian city. -Oct. 26: The Winter Palace, The Russian imperial home and the last holding of the Provisional Government, is taken over by the Bolsheviks. Lenin is now in control of Russia.

Aftermath

1918
  • Mar. 3: Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, between Germany and Russia is signed. This treaty pulled Russia out of World War I.
  • Mar. 8: The Bolshevik Party becomes the Communist Party.
  • June: Russian Civil War Begins. Counterrevolution fights against the Bolsheviks and Lenin. The Bolsheviks unleash the Red Terror, a series of arrests and executions against the Counterrevolutionaries.
  • Jul. 17: The Bolsheviks arrest and execute Czar Nicholas II and his family.

Russian Civil war ends.

1920

The Russian Civil war ends, the Bolsheviks are victorious over the counterrevolutionaries.

Lenin passes.

1924

Lenin dies, ending the Russian Revolution. Stalin will become his successor.