In an effort to preserve the balance of power in Congress between slave and free states, the Missouri Compromise was passed in 1820 admitting Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a free state. In 1854, the Missouri Compromise was repealed by the Kansas-Nebraska Act.
Manifest Destiny (NAT)
1840 - 1850
Manifest Destiny was the idea to expand westward. It was that the whites have the god given right to be the new chosen people and to take as much land as they wanted. This led to Americans spread across north america.
Free Soil Party (WXT)
1848 - 1854
A group of anti slavery abolitionists who were unsatisfied with the candidates for the election of 1848, which drew from existing Liberty parties. The Compromise of 1850 reduced tensions regarding slavery, but some remained in the party. They had a strong belief that the free labor system was better than the slave system.
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (GEO)
confirms the Texas border with Mexico and U.S. possession of California and the New Mexico territory.
Compromise of 1850 (POL)
As part of the Compromise of 1850, the Fugitive Slave Act was amended and the slave trade in Washington, D.C., was abolished. Furthermore, California entered the Union as a free state and a territorial government was created in Utah.
Topeka Constitution and Free-State Legislature
Anti-slavery Kansans draft an anti-slavery constitution and elect a new legislature, which actually represent the majority of legal voters. Meanwhile, the initial fraudulently elected but legal Kansas legislature still exists
The Sack of Lawrence, Kansas (CUL)
Missouri Ruffians and local pro-slavery men sack and burn the anti-slavery town of Lawrence, Kansas
John Brown's raid on Harper's Ferry (POL)
John Brown's raid on Harper's Ferry was an effort by armed abolitionist John Brown to initiate an armed slave revolt in 1859 by taking over a United States arsenal at Harper's Ferry. The raid was a failure and only resulted in the slaves recieving harsher laws.
The Election of 1860
Four candidates ran for president in this election, Abraham Lincoln for the Republicans, Stephen A. Douglas for the Northern Democrats. Results in Lincoln wining the election and leads towards the succession of southern states and the beginnings of the civil war. This was major because Lincoln was voted in without any southern votes
13th Amendment (NAT)
The 13th amendment gave freedom to all slaves in the United States. Millions of African Americans were freed after the war. the slave freedom is what the war was fought over. This is a change in the american identity because they were previously using slaves and now that was now more.
Lincoln Assassinated (NAT)
Lincoln was assassinated. When Lincoln was killed it left a big hole in society. Many people were scared of an uprising right after the war and the rise in radical republicans was now dangerous to the south.
14th Amendment (MIG)
Proposed by congress that automatically gives citizenship to anyone who was born or naturalized in the United States and the same rights and privileges a other citizens