India 5

Vedic Era

The Dravidians develop the Indus Valley civilization.

3000 bc - 2500 bc

The Indus Valley civilization was located in North India, in the Indus Valley.

The Aryans invade India.

1600 bc - 1500 bc

The Indo-Aryans invaded India and expelled the Dravidians.

The Vedas are composed.

1500 bc - 1000 bc

The Vedas were four religious texts that defined the Hindu religion. They were the Rigveda, Yajurveda, Samaveda, and Atharvaveda, with the Rigveda being the most prominent among the four.

The Aryans find iron in the Indus Valley and begin to move south.

900 bc - 750 bc

The Aryans discover metal working and begin to develop iron tools and weapons.

The caste system is invented.

700 bc - 600 bc

The caste system was a system of power where your power would relate to your profession. The priests had the most power, then the warriors, then the craftsmen, then the servants.

Mahajanapadas Period.

700 bc - 320 bc

Prince Siddhartha Gautama is enlightened and invents Buddhism.

527 bc - 526 bc

Buddhism is invented.

King Darius of Persia expands his empire past the Indus River.

521 bc - 518 bc

The Persian Empire was located in what we now call Iran.

Darius conquers the Indus Valley/Aryan civilization.

518 bc - 517 bc

The Aryan civilization is now part of Persia.

Prince Mahavira founds Jainism.

510 bc - 500 bc

This was the end of the Vedic Period.

Mahajanapadas

The political structure of the ancient Indo-Aryans started with semi-nomadic tribal units called Jana. By 600 B.C.E., many of the Janapadas had further evolved into larger political entities through the process of gaining land. They were called Mahajanapadas.

The Mahajanapadas.

700 BC - 600 BC

Sixteen great powers (Mahajanapadas) existed.

Janapadas.

600 BC - 550 BC

The northwest region of the Indian subcontinent was divided into Janapadas. The Janapadas were demarcated from each other by boundaries.

The Mahajanapadas

550 BCE - 521 BC

By 600 BCE, many of the Janapadas had further evolved into larger political entities through the process of gaining land. This eventually led to the formation of the kingdoms known in Buddhist traditions as the Mahajanapadas. In Sanskrit, Maha means great, and Janapada means country.

Buddhism gets many followers.

527 BC - 500 BC

People begin to convert to Bhuddism.

The Indus Valley gets conquered.

521 BC - 518 bc

The Persian kings Cyrus and Darius conquered the Indus Valley.

King Chandragupta conquered India.

322 BC - 320 BC

King Chandragupta swept through India from Magadha and conquered his way into Afghanistan. This was the beginning of the Maurya, one of India’s greatest dynasties.

The Golden Age

The golden age was a big break through in society. There was lots of conquering by many strong leaders. The Mauryan empire raided India for 26 years and it was the first time India was under one power. After the Mauryan empire ruled the Greeks ruled India under Alexander the great. At this time, Buddhism was also becoming very influential.

A Chinese Buddhist pilgrim walked from China to India.

414 BC - 413 BC

A Chinese Buddhist pilgrim called Fa Hsien walked to India from China at the age of 65. He started on foot and returned by sea in 413 CE.

The Ramayana is composed.

400 BC - 300 BC

The Ramayana teaches Hindus the values of ideology, devotion, duty, relationships, dharma and karma.

Ashoka The Great

268 BC - 231 BC

Ashoka (268-31 BC), the Mauryan empire conquered the entire subcontinent, extending itself as far as Mysore. Under the king Ashoka conquered Orissa, so many of his men died. Maurya empire, and it collapsed only 100 years after his death.Ashoka raided india for 26 years straight.

The Indo-Scythian Kingdom.

200 B.C.E - 400 C.E

Indo-scythian kingdom, a group of people migrated to Central Asia and South Asia the built a kingdom and then Chandragupta the second (Gupta Empire) destroyed the Scythians (Sakas) entire kingdom leaving it in ruins.

The Greeks conquered the Punjab.

150 BC - 125 BC

The Greeks returned and conquered the Punjab.

The first Mahamastak Abhishek festival.

981 - 982

The first Mahamastak Abhishek festival celebrated Buddhism.

Mohammad Ghor died.

1202 - 1203

Mohammad Ghor died and passed on his empire to Qutb-ud-din, who was a general.

Mughal Empire

The Mughals were Muslims who ruled a country with a large Hindu majority.

Babur the first ruler of the Mughal Empire

1527 - 1530

He came to power after he defied Timur Lang.

Humayun, then Akbar in power.

1530 - 1556

Babur died and the innefective ruler Humayun came to power. Upon his death, he passed it on to Akbar, his son. Akbar was very different than his grandfather. He was more of a worrier than a nature person. He also conquered many areas all the way south to the Krishna River.

Jahan’s son Aurungzebe imprisoned him.

1558 - 1559

Jahan’s son Aurungzebe imprisoned him because the people were mad about the taxes. Aurungzebe seeked power for himself.

Aurungzebe was a ruthless ruler.

1559 - 1560

Aurungzebe crushed local traditions unlike his ancestors but did conquer most of India.

Jahangir, then Shah Jahan inherit the throne.

1605 - 1627

Akbar then passed the throne on to his son Jahangir who soon passed it on to his son Shah Jahan in.

Shah Jahan leaves behind many historical landmarks.

1628 - 1658

Shah Jahan left behind lots of amazing monuments from the Mungal time like the Taj mahal ( a tomb for his favorite wife Mumtaz), the Pearl Mosque, the Royal Mosque, and the Red Fort.

Aurungzebe died.

1707 - 1708

Aurungzebe could never conquer the Mahrattas of the Deccan, who resisted him until his death.

The Mughal Empire started to disintegrate.

1708 - 1709

Aurangzebe's 3 sons fought over power and because of that the empire crashed.

Colonial Era

The start of the colonial era was marked by the creation of the east India trading company. During this time many great rulers died like Akbar and new ones Jahar raised.

East India Company is formed.

1600 - 1601

The creation of the East India company marks the start of the Colonial Era. The East India company was a trade company.

Akbar died.

1605

Akbar was a great leader with many new ideas about the country and religion. he was only 13 when he started his rule.

Jahangir reined.

1605 - 1627

Jahangir, originally named Salam, the son of the great Akbar, reined. This was the start of a whole new ruler after a extremely influential ruler.

Jahar was imprisoned.

1650 - 1658

When Jahar, the ruler, was imprisoned his sons fought for the crown.

British Raj came to India.

1658

The Raj was like a noble man and gave the British more influence.

Anglo-French war.

1748

The war was originally European, but India got caught up in it.

East India company took over Bengal.

1765

This added much more influence in India.

East India Company gained control of all European trade.

1769

This represence a turning point between India and Europe.

The rebellion.

1858 - 1859

The British did things, including things related to religion, that angered the people. A one year long rebellion against the British started.

Other Important Events

Ancient Egyptians

3500 BC - 200 BC

Ancient Greece

800 BC - 146 BC

Roman Empire

753 BC - 1447 AC

Birth of Jesus Christ.

December 25, 0 ac

Columbus discovers the New World

1492

War of Independence (Revelotionary War)

1775 - 1783

World Wars/European Political Disagreements

1914 - 1945

Cold War

1947 - 1991

Man lands on the moon.

July 20 1969