The Indus Valley civilization was located in North India, in the Indus Valley.
The Indo-Aryans invaded India and expelled the Dravidians.
The Vedas were four religious texts that defined the Hindu religion. They were the Rigveda, Yajurveda, Samaveda, and Atharvaveda, with the Rigveda being the most prominent among the four.
The Aryans discover metal working and begin to develop iron tools and weapons.
The caste system was a system of power where your power would relate to your profession. The priests had the most power, then the warriors, then the craftsmen, then the servants.
Buddhism is invented.
The Persian Empire was located in what we now call Iran.
The Aryan civilization is now part of Persia.
This was the end of the Vedic Period.
The political structure of the ancient Indo-Aryans started with semi-nomadic tribal units called Jana. By 600 B.C.E., many of the Janapadas had further evolved into larger political entities through the process of gaining land. They were called Mahajanapadas.
Sixteen great powers (Mahajanapadas) existed.
The northwest region of the Indian subcontinent was divided into Janapadas. The Janapadas were demarcated from each other by boundaries.
By 600 BCE, many of the Janapadas had further evolved into larger political entities through the process of gaining land. This eventually led to the formation of the kingdoms known in Buddhist traditions as the Mahajanapadas. In Sanskrit, Maha means great, and Janapada means country.
People begin to convert to Bhuddism.
The Persian kings Cyrus and Darius conquered the Indus Valley.
King Chandragupta swept through India from Magadha and conquered his way into Afghanistan. This was the beginning of the Maurya, one of India’s greatest dynasties.
The golden age was a big break through in society. There was lots of conquering by many strong leaders. The Mauryan empire raided India for 26 years and it was the first time India was under one power. After the Mauryan empire ruled the Greeks ruled India under Alexander the great. At this time, Buddhism was also becoming very influential.
A Chinese Buddhist pilgrim called Fa Hsien walked to India from China at the age of 65. He started on foot and returned by sea in 413 CE.
The Ramayana teaches Hindus the values of ideology, devotion, duty, relationships, dharma and karma.
Ashoka (268-31 BC), the Mauryan empire conquered the entire subcontinent, extending itself as far as Mysore. Under the king Ashoka conquered Orissa, so many of his men died. Maurya empire, and it collapsed only 100 years after his death.Ashoka raided india for 26 years straight.
Indo-scythian kingdom, a group of people migrated to Central Asia and South Asia the built a kingdom and then Chandragupta the second (Gupta Empire) destroyed the Scythians (Sakas) entire kingdom leaving it in ruins.
The Greeks returned and conquered the Punjab.
The first Mahamastak Abhishek festival celebrated Buddhism.
Mohammad Ghor died and passed on his empire to Qutb-ud-din, who was a general.
The Mughals were Muslims who ruled a country with a large Hindu majority.
He came to power after he defied Timur Lang.
Babur died and the innefective ruler Humayun came to power. Upon his death, he passed it on to Akbar, his son. Akbar was very different than his grandfather. He was more of a worrier than a nature person. He also conquered many areas all the way south to the Krishna River.
Jahan’s son Aurungzebe imprisoned him because the people were mad about the taxes. Aurungzebe seeked power for himself.
Aurungzebe crushed local traditions unlike his ancestors but did conquer most of India.
Akbar then passed the throne on to his son Jahangir who soon passed it on to his son Shah Jahan in.
Shah Jahan left behind lots of amazing monuments from the Mungal time like the Taj mahal ( a tomb for his favorite wife Mumtaz), the Pearl Mosque, the Royal Mosque, and the Red Fort.
Aurungzebe could never conquer the Mahrattas of the Deccan, who resisted him until his death.
Aurangzebe's 3 sons fought over power and because of that the empire crashed.
The start of the colonial era was marked by the creation of the east India trading company. During this time many great rulers died like Akbar and new ones Jahar raised.
The creation of the East India company marks the start of the Colonial Era. The East India company was a trade company.
Akbar was a great leader with many new ideas about the country and religion. he was only 13 when he started his rule.
Jahangir, originally named Salam, the son of the great Akbar, reined. This was the start of a whole new ruler after a extremely influential ruler.
When Jahar, the ruler, was imprisoned his sons fought for the crown.
The Raj was like a noble man and gave the British more influence.
The war was originally European, but India got caught up in it.
This added much more influence in India.
This represence a turning point between India and Europe.
The British did things, including things related to religion, that angered the people. A one year long rebellion against the British started.