India 3

Mughal Emipre

The Mughal Empire started with Mughal monarch Babur when he gained power. The Mughal Empire had six emperors before it fell when Aurangzebe's three sons fought over the throne, which caused the Mughal Empire to collapse. Also some of the leaders of the Mughal Empire built famous structures like the TajMahal.

Mughal monarch Babur had power, and he started the Mughal Empire

1527 - 1530

Mughal monarch Babur started the Mughal Empire. After he died he gave it to his son Humayun.

Babur passed down the throne to his son, Humayun

1530 - 1556

Humayun was a unaffected leader and soon gave up the throne.

Humayun's own son, Akbar got the throne

1556 - 1605

After Humayun would die he would leave Akbar to the throne and Akbar would be the greatest ruler. Akbar was more of a warrior than a scholar, he also extended his empire far south to the Krishna river. Akbar accepted other local religions and married a Hindu princess, making a cultural acceptance that contributed to the great Mughal rule.

Akbar passed his throne down to his son, Jahangir

1605 - 1627

"Akbar the Great" gave his throne to his son, Jahangir.

Then Jahangir passed down to his own son, Shah Jahan

1627 - 1658

Shah Jahan gained power after his father

Shah Jahan's son, Aurungzebe gained power

1658 - 1707

Aurungzebe, Shah Jahan's son imprisoned his own father so he could gain power and he did. Aurungzebe also demolished local traditions unlike his ancestors when he gained power.

The Mughal Empire started collapsed

1707

The Mughal Empire ended because Aurungzebe's three sons fought over the throne, which caused war. Which eventually caused the Mughal Empire to fall.

Mahajanapadas

The Mahajanapadas era last for about 450 years, from 750 BCE to 300 BCE. During the Mahajanapadas many important events happened. From the creation of the Mahajanapadas, to the founding of Buddhism, the Mahajanapadas era was an important time for India.

The Janapadas become known as the Mahajanapadas

600 BCE

By 600 BCE many tribes/countries (Janapadas) in India had developed into a more political existence through land-grabbing, which eventually led to the forming of the kingdoms in Buddhist tradition known as the Mahajanapadas or the great nations. Sixteen different Mahajanapadas had been established across the Indo-Gangetic Plain.

The Upanishads are composed in Sanskrit

600 BCE

The Upanishads form the core of Indian philosophy. They are a collection of writings, that contain the fundamental teachings that are critical to Hinduism.

Kings Cyrus and Darius of Persia conquer the Indus valley.

500 BCE

The kings Cyrus and Darius of Persia conquered the Indus valley. The influence of the Persians was not that big. That may have been, because they were only able to occupy the Indus Valley for 150 years.

Buddhism is founded

400 BCE

Siddhartha Gautama founded the religion, Buddhism. Siddhartha realized enlightenment and founded Buddhism, when he was sitting and meditating under a sacred fig tree, now known as the Bodhi tree. Many people today still have Buddhism as a way of life. Buddhism has been influential to many people since the 5th century BCE.

Alexander the Great conquers the Persians

326 BCE

Alexander the Great (who lead the Greeks) conquered the Persians. He defeated King Porus and an army of 200 elephants. After this, Alexander wanted to keep going, and conquer more kingdoms, but his troops were too tired.

King Chandragupta conquers his way through Afghanistan.

322 BCE

King Chandragupta swept through India through Magadha and conquered his way through Afghanistan. This was the beginning of Maurya, one of India’s greatest dynasties.

Golden Age

This era was over the course of 300 B.C.E-1000.This time period included peace,prosperity and development. This era had two main kingdoms, also it include Alexander the Great and the Gupta Dynasty. Many things evolved during this time period like (contributions) mathematics,religion,science and astronomy etc.

Mahamastak Abhishek

981 B.C.E

The first Mahamastak Abhishek was celebrated to celebrate Buddhism.

Fa Hsien

413 B.C.E

a chinese buddhist pilgrim at the age of 65 walked from China all the way to India and returning by sea at 413 C.E.

Invasion of Alexander

326 B.C.E

Alexander the great invaded India

Duration of Mauryan Empire

322 B.C.E - 185 B.C.E

The time span of the duration of Mauryan Empire before complete destruction.

Ashoka's reign

268 B.C. - 31 B.C.

Ashoka the Great (Mauryan Empire) almost conquered an entire sub-continent extended as far as Mysore. Ashoka raided India for 26 years straight. The Mauryan Empire collapsed only 100 years after his death.

Ashoka's Conversion

262 B.C.E

Originally a Hindu, Asoka converted to Buddhism after shedding some much blood during the battle of Kalinga.

Indo-Scynthian Kingdom

200 B.C.E - 400 C.E.

Indo-scynthian kingdom/people migrated to Central Asia and south asia and built a kingdom. In result of Chandragupta the second and his armies demolished the scynthians entire kingdom leaving it in complete ruins and destruction.

The Greeks Return

150 B.C.

The Greeks shortly returned and conquered Punjab. At that time Buddhism was a very common religion and the Great king Menander converted himsefl and many other Greeks did as well.

Bhagavata Gita is composed

100 B.C.E

Bhagavata is composed

Imperial Gupta Dynasty

319 A.D.

Chandragupta the second founded the Imperial Gupta Dynasty which later on conquered took over the entire north and south which extended as far as the Vindhya Mountains.

Chandragupta

319 A.D. - 335 A.D.

Also another major ruler of the Gupta Empire/Dynasty. The reign time span of Chandragupta until his death.

Samudragupta

335 A.D. - 375 A.D.

Also a ruler of the Gupta dynasty his reign and date until his death. He was also a major ruler like Chandragupta

Chandragupta the second

375 A.D. - 414 A.D.

Also another major ruler of the Gupta Dynasty. his reign and death year.

Kumaragupta

415 A.D. - 455 A.D.

Another major ruler of the Gupta Dynasty

Skandagupta

455 A.D. - 467 A.D.

The reign and death of Skandagupta he was also another major ruler of the Gupta Dynasty.

Arab Traders

712 - 738

The Arab traders had come to the West Coast. In tat year the Arab armies destroyed the Khyber pass. The continued to do this for 26 years straight leaving behind many ruins and a low native population rate

Destruction of Buddhist Temples

1192

Mohammed Ghor and his armies destroyed a whole bunch of buddhist temples

Mohammed Ghor and Qutb-Ud-Din

1202

Mohammed Ghor ( a famous general) died and passed on his empire to Qutb-Ud-Din who was also a general.

Colonial Era

Great Britain expands its empire into India

the east india trading company is formed

1600

Queen elizabeth approves of a charter proposal allowing the existence of the east india trading company in india.

Akbar dies

1605

Akbar dies, leaving the throne to his son.

The east India trading makes another outpost

1610

The east India trading company creates an outpost in Surat

the british chase a naval Portuguese squadron.

1610

The british chase away a Portuguese naval squadron in india

Aurangzebe is born

1618

Great leader Aurangzeb is born

Persians captured kandahar

1622

The Persians now have control over Kandahar in present day Afghanistan.

Shan Jahan now has the throne

1628

Shan Jahan now has the throne in india

The british raj is now in india

1658

the british raj has been sent to india

Aurangzebe now has the throne

1658

Aurangzeb now has the throne after his father, Shah Jahan, abdicated from the throne for health reasons

Aurangzebe dies

1707

The great and strong leader Aurangzeb dies of natural causes in 1707

The east india trading company has expanded itself east

1765

The east india trading company now has expanded itself into bangladesh

The east india trading company now controls ALL of european trade in india

1769 - 1850

The east india trading company now has control over ALL european trade within india

The colonial era Segways right into India's freedom struggle

1850 - 1947

India enters a new age, an age for freedom and peace

Vedic Era

The Vedics were a group in India. The Aryans were a group in India, and they followed the Vedics for a while. They spoke and they wrote in a language called Sanskrit. The Aryans lived next to the Indus, and they showed the Indus the Caste System. The Aryans moved to Northern India for a while, then to South and East India. When they were there, they invented different tools and weapons. Then they settled in the Ganges Valley and they built kingdoms around North India.

The Rig-Vedas are composed

1700 BCE - 1000 BCE

The Rig-Vedas are composed.

The Aryans, a group that followed the Vedics

1500 BCE - 500 BCE

The Aryans were part of the Vedics for a while. The Aryans started following the Vedics in 1500 BCE.

Aryans invade Ganges Valley

900 BCE

The Aryans found iron, and then they invaded the Ganges Valley.

Aryans move South

800 BCE - 700 BCE

The Aryans move South after they begin to make iron tools.

Aryans ruled over Mahajanapada's

700 BCE

The Aryans ruled over 16 Mahajanapadas in Northern India.

Upanishads were composed to sanskrit

600 BCE

The Upanishads were composed in sanskrit.

Prince Siddhartha Gautama joined the Buddha religioin

527 BCE - 500 BCE

The Prince named Siddhartha Gautama became enlightening and joined the Buddha religion.

Prince Mahavira founded Jainism

500 BCE

The prince Mahavira founded Jainism in Northern India.