India 2

The Vedic Era

During the Vedic era many religious writers set the groundwork for Hinduism in India. They did this by creating many religious texts that are still worshiped today.

The Vedas are composed.

1,500 B.C.E. - 500 B.C.E.

The Vedas are composed. They become a very important part of the Hindu religion.

The Great city of Mohenjo Daro is burnt to the ground.

1,500 B.C.E.

The Ancient city of Mohenjo Daro is burnt to the ground, killing many of it's inhabitants. Thousand of men women and children died, and a whole city was destroyed overnight.

The Aryans conquer the Indus.

1,500 B.C.E.

The Aryans come from the North, through the Himalayas, and conquer the Indus, and take control of the Indus Valley. Although the Indus were a far more advanced civilization the Aryan's very large military wore down the Indus defenders. This is an influential part of Indian history because it spells the end for the great Indus civilization, and begins a new age. The Vedic Age.

The Brahmanas are composed.

1000 B.C.E. - 850 B.C.E

The Brahmanas are composed, and they are a very important part of the religions in India.

The Rig Veda are made.

1,000 B.C.E.

The Rig Veda become a very important part of the Hindu religion.

The Vedic discover Iron.

900 B.C.E.

The Vedic discover Iron, and use it to conquer the Ganges Plain.

Some of the Janapadas get political power and become Mahajanapadas.

750 B.C.E.

The Janapadas which were villages gain power and land, and become Mahajanapadas. Which translate to "Great State" in Sanskrit.

The Caste system is invented.

700 B.C.E.

The Caste system was a system used to create social classes, it was an important part of Hinduism because it signified that everyone has a place in society. It can be argued that it was also to keep the rich rich, and the poor poor. It has been used to keep the powerful in power. This system was used with lot's of success, although the people stuck in the lower classes were mad that they couldn't become rich. Here's how it works: The priests are at the top; with the warriors under them; then the merchants under them; and then the servants under them.

Prince Siddhartha Gautama creates Buddhism.

527 B.C.E.

The Prince Siddhartha Gautama becomes the Buddha; creating a whole new religion, and changing Indian history.

The Persian's conquer the Vedic.

521 B.C.E.

The Persians conquered the Indus valley, then conquered the rest of the Vedic territory.

Mahajanapadas

There was a lot of conquering in this era.

Janapadas had became Mahajanapadas

600 BCE

Many of the Janapadas had became became political entities through the process of gaining land this eventually became the Mahajanapadas.

16 different towers have been made

600 BCE

The kings conquered the indus valley.

500 BCE

The kings Cyrus and Darius conquered the Indus Valley.

The kings Cyrus and Darius moved their empire to the east

500 BCE

They where going to conquer the Indus Valley

Buddhism was created.

400 BCE

Buddhism was created.

Alexander the Great invades Northern India.

326 BCE

He invaded part of India and stoped the kings Cyrus and Darius.

Golden Age

Their were two main dynasty the Gupta and the Mauryan.

Mahamastak Abhishek festival

981 BCE

The first Mahamastak Abhishek festival was celebrated to celebrate Buddhism.

Chinese Buddhist pilgrim

413 BCE

A Chinese Buddhist pilgrim called Fa Hsien at the age of 65 walked to India from China. He started on foot and returning by sea in 413 CE

Ramayana teaches us

300 BCE

Ramayana teaches us the values of ideology, devotion, duty, relationships, dharma and karma.

Ashoka led the Mauyan

300 BCE - 262 BCE

Ashoka led the Mauyan empire and conquered India. This is the first time a single person has led India.he was a Military genius. Originally a Hindu, Ashoka converted to Buddhism in 262 BCE because so many of his soldiers died in the battle of Kalinga

Mauryan Empire

268 BC - 31 BC

Ashoka (268-31 BC), the Mauryan empire conquered the entire subcontinent, extending itself as far as Mysore. Under the king Ashoka conquered Orissa, so many of his men died. Mauryan empire, and it collapsed only 100 years after his death. Ashoka raided India for 26 years straight.

Indo-Scythian Kingdom

200 BCE - 400 CE

Indo-scythian kingdom, a group of people migrated to Central Asia and South Asia the built a kingdom and then Chandragupta the second (Gupta Empire) destroyed the scythians (sakas) entire kingdom leaving it in ruins.

The Greeks returned and conquered the Punjab

150 BCE

The Greeks returned and conquered the Punjab. At this time buddhism was so influential that the Greek king Menander converted himself. Kingdoms loved buddhism it stay around for 100 years with occasionally fighting

The Mughal Empire

When the Mughal Empire crumbled after a fight for the throne the Colonial Era popped up which is when Britain took over India.

1527- Babur was named leader of Empire.

1527 - 1530

Babur was a peaceful leader who helped the empire expand greatly. After Babur died in 1530 his unsuccessful son Himayun was given the throne.

The Colonial era

The Colonial era is the history of the British invading India.

East India company was formed

1600

Persians captured Qandahar

1622

Shah Jahan got the throne

1628

Aurangzeb came into rule

1658

Aurangzeb’s Death

1707

European merchants gave india knowledge and medical books

1720

the company had taken over bengal

1765

British ruled India

1857 - 1858

Indian soldiers also revolted in 1857, the English monarchy sent in imperial troops. In 1858 the British monarchy took over ruling the the military affairs in the region and by 1874 the British East India Company was nationalised and absorbed by the government.