Vedic era

Mughal Empire

The Mughal empire was mostly focused on the expanding of the India empire.

The start of the empire

1526

Babur was crowned

1526 - 1530

Babur was the founder of the Mughal empire. He loved poetry, gardening, and books. Babur died in 1530.

Humayun

1530

Babur’s son humayun was an ineffective ruler because he felt like he could not take in the power that he had. He lost the throne almost as soon as he got it.

Akbar

1542 - 1627

Humayun's son, Akbar, was the greatest ruler of all, unlike his grandfather, he was more of a warrior than a scholar. He extended the empire as far south as the krishna river. Akbar married a hindu princess. Akbar had his own son which was named Jahangir.

Jahangir and Shah Jahan

1627 - 1692

Jahangir had his own son, Shah Jahan. Shah Jahan left behind a lot of famous monuments of the mughal empire, the taj-majal (his favorites wife’s tomb, Mumtaz), The pearl mosque, the royal mosque, and the red fort. Shah jahan had a son named aurungzebe.

Aurungzebe

1658 - 1707

Aurungzebe imprisoned his dad Shah Jahan seeking power in 1658 ACE. Aurungzebe wished to destroy and demolish native traditions. Aurungzebe expanded the empire almost to the whole subcontinent. Aurungzebe could never take over the Mahrattas of Deccan, Who resisted Aurungzebe until he died in 1707 ACE.

The end of the Mughal empire

1707

The Mughal empire crashed.

The three sons

1707

The three sons fought over the throne when Aurangzeb died which caused war that made the Mughal empire crumble.

Vedic Era

The Vedic era was when a group of people came from the north and they were called the Aryans. The Indus and the Aryans made the basis of India.

Rig-vedic Period

1700 BCE - 1000 BCE

Rig-vedic period was when the oldest literature was composed. The Rig-vedas were composed in the Rig-vedic period. The Rig-vedas were a collection of vedic hymns in Sanskrit.

Religious texts

1500 BC

Religious texts were written in vedic. They are very important to the people of India.

Vedas were composed

1500 BCE - 500 BCE

During this time period the Vedas were composed. The Vedas were the sacred books of Hinduism.

The North Indian Iron Age

1200 BCE - 300 BCE

The North Indian Iron Age happened. The Iron age is where a culture is introduced to metal objects.

The 4 Castes Were Made

1000 BCE

The 4 castes were the priests and the Brahms first, then came the warriors, the craftsmen, and the servants. Some castes they still have today.

Later vedic period was dominated by the brahmanas

1000 BCE - 850 BCE

In the brahmanas were a priestly book, which the people created.

Iron

900 BC

The Indo-Aryans discovered iron and invaded the Ganges valley.

The Unpanishads

600 BC

The Upanishads were composed in Sanskrit. (the Upanishads were Hindu sacred treatises)

Creation of the janapadas

600 BCE

The janapadas was towns that the vedics created.

Prince Siddhartha Guatama

527 BC

Prince Siddhartha Gautama is enlightened and becomes the buddha in India.

Persians

521 BCE

The Vedic were conquered by the Persians.

Darius

518 BCE

Darius had conquered the Indus Valley civilization.

Prince Mahavira

500 BCE

The Prince Mahavira founded Jainism in Northern India. Jainism is a different religion.

Colonial Era

The East India Company was Aproved

1600

In 1600 Queen Elizabeth I gave permission for the British to create the East India Company in India.

Akbar Died

1605

Akbar was a Mughal Emperor until his death. He was the third and greatest ruler of the Mughal era in India, and that's when people say the Mugal Era evolved into the Colonial Era.

The outpost was created

1610

The British chased away a Portuguese trading ships so they could place the East India Company outpost in Surat. The little outpost was soon to be something that would stay for 300 years, and after a while would take over the entire trade in India!

The British had found the key to getting power

1645

The British that were thousands of miles away and had finally succeeded in gaining a territory of 300 million people! Even though it seems like its impossible to do, the British succeeded by bribing different Indian Raj's.

British had made their mark in India

1650

Once the British had made their mark in India they soon had to compt with the French, Dutch, and the angry Portuguese to be king of the trade in India. To become the king of trade the British and others competed through an combo of battle, alliances, and in the end the East India Company had taken control of all European trade in India.

British Raj

1658

To battle the incoming French for trade the British came up with a plan, and the plan was to bribe the Raj’s in important cities. A Raj is a kind of a king so the British found important ones and paid him of to make new laws and favor the British in trades. So they called the Raj a British Raj.

Aurangzeb came into rule

1658

Aurangzeb was one of the most important British Rajes, and he made the British overthrow their enemies in return for privileges over land, and let them make their own laws in the new kingdom. Aurangzeb was not just a Raj, he was an emperor. So the fact that the british had him was a great advantage to controlling the nation. The British used him to let invited traders to settle near the East India Company’s factory to get more workers for the job. They also persuaded Aurangzeb, the Emperor then, to allow them to trade without paying taxes.

Aurangzeb’s Death

1707

Aurangzeb was one of the most important British Rajes, and he made the British overthrow their enemies in return for privileges over land, and let them make their own laws in the new kingdom. Aurangzeb was not just a Raj, he was an emperor. So the fact that the british had him was a great advantage to controlling the nation. The British used him to let invited traders to settle near the East India Company’s factory to get more workers for the job. They also persuaded Aurangzeb, the Emperor then, to allow them to trade without paying taxes.

Battle of Plassey

1756 - 1765

When the Nawab of Bengal found out that the British intended on colonising India. He attacked Fort William of Calcutta and began to shut down English factories and warehouses, but the British sent Robert Clive with a army to fight back the battle!

Bengal had been taken over by the Company

1765

The battle of Plassey had ended and the British had won. So the East India Company had taken over trade in Bengal because at the time Bengal was one of the major places for valuable trading items.

Mahajanapadas

During the time period there where two kings Cyrus and Darius who conquered the ever-prized Indus Vally

sixteen leaders called the Mahajanapadas/Mahajanpadas

600 BCE

sixteen leaders called the mahajanapadas had evolved into the more political entities through the process of gaining land led to kingdoms mahajanapadas.

The mahajanapadas where none as mahajanapadas

600 BC

The mahajanapadas became there own sixteen kingdomes and where known as the mahajanapadas.

jana to janapadas to mahajanapadas.

600 BCE

Jana where tribes bhe janapadas where cities and the mahajanapadas had land.

King Cyrus and Darius Moved the empire eastwords

500 BC

King Cyrus and Darius moving the empire towards the east and conquered the ever-prized Indus Vally.

Buddhism was faunded.

500 BC

A man named Siddhartha Gautama found the religion buddhism.

Chandragupta conquered from Magadha (Bihar)to india

500 BC - 401 BC

Chandragupta conquered from Magadha (Bihar)to india.

The shishunaga dynasty was was overthrown by nanda

426 BC

Nada conqured the shishunaga dynasty in 426 BC.

The King had an army of 200 elephants

326 BC

King porus had an army of 200 elephants.

Alexander the Great conquered the Parisian

326 BC

The Parisian were then conquered by the Greeks and Alexander the Great.

The Christening concerns wanted to move their empire further east

326 BC

The Christening concerns wanted to move their empire further east, but there troops refused to move the kingdom. Because of the troops Christening concerns could not move it.

king chandragupta swept through India and concord Afghanistan

322 BC

The earliest surviving tamil literature was created

300 BCE

The earliest surviving tamil literature was created.

The golden age 300 bce - 1000 Bce

The Golden Age was Peace and Prosperity in India. The major empire are The gupta, Chola ,Mauryan empires.

Fa Hsien Buddhist

413 BCE

A Chinese Buddhist pilgrim called Fa Hsien at the age of 65 walked to India from China. He started on foot and returning by sea in 413 CE

Ashoka

300 bce

Ashoka led the mayan empire and conquered india. This is the first time a single person has led india. Military genius.

Ramayana

300 bc

Ramayana teaches us the values of ideology, devotion, duty, relationships, dharma and karma.

Ashoka

268 bce - 31 bce

Ashoka (268-31 BC), the Mauryan empire conquered the entire subcontinent, extending itself as far as Mysore. Under the king Ashoka conquered Orissa, so many of his men died. Maurya empire, and it collapsed only 100 years after his death.Ashoka raided india for 26 years straight.

Hindu

262 BCE

Originally a Hindu, Ashoka converted to Buddhism in 262 BCE because so many of his soldiers died in the battle of Kalinga

Greek

150 BCE

The Greeks returned and conquered the Punjab. At this time buddhism was so influential that the Greek king Menander converted himself. Kingdoms loved buddhism it stay around for 100 years with occasionally fighting