Mesopotamians decided to attach wheels to vehicles.
The chariot was one of the first wheeled vehicles.
Chariots were first used for royals funerals then by the army.http://ts3.mm.bing.net/th?id=I.4514024327351322&pid=15.1
Sumerian cuneiform is the earliest known writing system.
The name "cuneiform" means wedge shaped.
It was developed from pictographs on clay tablets.
There are more then 400 symbols in cuneiform.http://ts3.mm.bing.net/th?id=I.4811291899265378&pid=15.1
The Epic of Gilgamesh is the oldest written story.
It was originally written on clay tablets in cuneiform.
The story is about the King of Uruk.
Assyria occupied the middle and northern part of Mesopotamia.
The Egyptian kingdom was considered one of the most impenetrable .
King Esarhaddon conquered Egypt in less than one month http://ts1.mm.bing.net/th?id=I.4984799955714356&pid=15.1
This canal was built by Persian emperor Darius I.
It is a canal linking the Nile river to the Red Sea.
This canal eventually leads to today's Suez Canal.
Embalming is the process used to preserve the body by using oils or spices.
Embalming dates back to before 4000 BC, also called mummification.
The lengthy process was mainly used for royals.http://t3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRK9ReZ1T6T_WiclNVSXd6HdwXYwzA6RFkBr8kqZoU2JhLmRYHA
Hieroglyphic were a formal writing system used by ancient Egyptian.
There are more then 2000 hieroglyphic characters.
It can be written in horizontal lines or vertical columns.http://t3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcSsGCnFMgi5zzbHfQjk_plei0vQ26h6YENbfdY5YEzxG0Km4Q5dqg
It is the Egyptian social system shaped like a pyramid.
The pharaoh was at the top, slaves and farmers were at the bottom.
The top group was the smallest and the richest, the bottom the largest group and poorest.
The first pyramid was the Step Pyramid.
Pyramids were used for burial chambers for kings.
The largest was the Great Pyramid, one of the Seven Wonders of the world.http://t2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcT4JB07HYGWVPuC4M-HBpOxULBMgC5vVAhBM9MLjVu010YeJCNT
He is better known as King Tut.
He inherited the throne at the age 8 or 9, he died at the age 19.
His tomb was discovered in 1922 nearly intact.http://t0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcSo26aHPb8-HwF1k_dtvqwd4MwMFcz2fMsTJ7E4xo3xF6taU6mn3Q
The stone is written in three scripts, hieroglyphics, demotic and Greek.
The Rosetta Stone was found in 1799, in a town called Rosetta.
It was written by priests to honer Egyptian pharaohs. http://t0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQLHwtOJCfqwr1wTsQQJGO2KeqHw-ALKmDyvYufI6fT6l9uuBh5
They are the oldhest religious texts.
They are a collections of Egyptian mortuary prayers, hymns, and spells to protect a king or queen.
They were inscribed on the walls of the inner chambers of pyramids.http://t1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRlbdqhJ-XXqmeuD9GkZFQwI-ryiFMz3GT6Aeuz3Ufk6m7ZU9Q23A
Moses was an early leader of the Hebrews and probably the most important figure in Judaism.
Moses was given the Ten Commandments by God.
He lived to be 120 years old.http://abwbibleperiod5.wikispaces.com/file/view/moses.jpg/193024172/232x324/moses.jpg
It is the Jewish written law.
The word Torah means a scroll with the entire Five Books of Moses written on it.
Jewish tradition holds that "Moses received the Torah from Sinai".
It is the oldest known religion to people.
It is a monotheistic religion meaning "pray to one God", which was very unique at that time.
Jesus, Moses, and Einstein are examples of famous Jews.http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-IJcuz8PlVCg/Tmltvyp-DOI/AAAAAAAAA0k/kcyUF4up97c/s1600/images1.jpg
His given name was Sadartha Gautama, born into a royal family.
Buddha means "Enlightened One".
For the rest of his life he traveled teaching people about one path to salvation.
He was the king of the Huns.
He led multiple attacks on the Roman Empire.
He was so fierce he was named "The Scourge of God".
They moved water using only gravity.
Romens constructed aqueducts to bring a constant flow of water from distant places.
Romes first aqueduct supplied a water fountain.http://t0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRzlUcIDv5Tg2DAjXG4wlYSv1t9efhITckB9LTte124WjO8CnOYfw
He was the greatest Roman general.
He got assassinated by Roman Senators.
Romans admired him for his bravery and skill in battle. http://t2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRUv8elZcR3Rf6qSDsVC194Nv3DAoLhzCJWNktFzJkWyzKt91hpGg
A massive stone amphitheater known as the colosseum.
2/3 of the original colosseum has been distroyed over time .
It was a gift to the Roman people from Emperor Vaspasian.http://t1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTNteV4lp6VKxbI2p9ZtkDTlj9GzxbM0Kr52M9r8eHfp304G4tQ
He was the Roman Emperor from 306 to 337 AD.
He proclaimed the Edict of Milan, granting religious freedom to all.
He was the first Emperor to support Christianty and become Christian.http://t0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTbfeZcZW85MI23ePbuOit0KeAR-45g33efqBTg4ZFLBtZRNrrI
Justinian was a Christian emperor.
Justinian is some times called the " The Last of the Romans".
He organized all the laws into a new legal system called "The Justinian Code".http://t3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcToORHI8DkRM2BNXOOmcCI2f6pJ6jTMjE9fkFPbfJb_8MibJqjc
The games were dedicated to the Olympian gods.
They were held at the ancient plains of Olympia.
The games owe their purity and importance to religion.
He is the greatest of Ancient Greek epic poets.
He wrote the Iliad and the Odyssey.
Many historians think that homer was blind, very little is known about him. http://t3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQe65UvHSCDZxRjf357pA4Zqc27fFhy2lWeFlQyhVWaIbuLigXXcw
Parthenon is a temple on the Athenian Acropolis, Greece.
It is dedicated to the maiden goddess Athena.
It symbolizes the power of Athenian Empire. http://t3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQUTVrwwTVlB00j0V3jfXwfZ8te4kSSaajsK4sN3PGKypvTOqSY
The war was fought between Athens and Sparta.
The war lasted 27 years.
The long expensive war marked the end of the golden age of Greece. http://t3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcR-ZzqMB7mXwFJGofiPOTBHh0AhmUjHUj96qLCJWbZi743ElPCa
He was an ancient Greek philosopher and scientist.
He is one of the greatest intellectual figures of Western history.
His work remains current today. http://t1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQX1HWR0z3VrtekLefQQR8HPWfpxzLDwxQD9vaZDvR3XJCDT_vO
His given name was Alexander III of Macedon.
He is considered one of the greatest military geniuses of all times.
He was the King of Macedonia and conquer of the Persian Empire. http://t1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcS5a2ylBdThxnbeHf91A9Y80FD_wuGB45TEm4wlvGqd0UyVDKunhQ