Civil War Timeline


Industrial Revolution

1820 - 1840

CULTURE AND SOCIETY: The Industrial Revolution was a period where handmade products began to be produced by machines in factories. Changes in transportation, manufacturing, and communication transformed the daily lives of Americans in a more efficient way of life. It was the difference of industrialization between the South and North that would cause the Civil War in the years to come.

Election of 1860


AMERICA IN THE WORLD : Many people from the South feared that Abraham Lincoln was going to put an end to slavery.The election had cause controversy because Lincoln won without any votes from the south.Later throughout his presidency he had confirmed the idea of abolishing slavery which was one of the many trigger events for the civil war.

Homestead Act

May 20, 1862

MIGRATION AND SETTLEMENT: As the Civil War arose, the Homestead act was passed. The Homestead allowed for African Americans to settle in at most of 160 acres of land for a fee given to the owner.

National Bank Act


AMERICAN AND NATIONAL IDENTITY: The National Bank Act allowed for a National banking system to occur, which brought together other nations with America.

Battle of Gettysburg

July 1, 1863 - July 3, 1863

GEOGRAPHY AND THE ENVIRONMENT: Bloodiest battle and turning point of the war that showed that the South had no chance of winning. Although the Conflict would continue for nearly two more years

Sherman's March to the Sea

November 15, 1864

CULTURE AND SOCIETY: Sherman began by burning much of Atlanta and forcing the evacuation of most of its population. Led the army of 62 thousand men on a 285-mile trek to Savannah, soon followed by slaves. Destroyed millions of acres of homes and towns in the South.

Reconstruction Era


WORK, EXCHANGE, AND TECHNOLOGY: The Reconstruction Era caused a decline in the economy because a lot of money was spent on rebuilding areas that were destroyed during the war. Also, prices went up to make up for the amount of money lost.

Civil Rights Act

April 9, 1866

POLITICS AND POWER: It gave the African Americans citizenship and prevented discrimination law to be made towards them. Many people still didn't want to see blacks as equal although slavery had ended in America. This Civil War Rights was the first of many steps in gaining equal rights for the African Americans.

15th Amendment was Ratified

February 3, 1870

POLITICS AND POWER: Before the Civil War, African Americans were not allowed to vote, and once the 15th Amendment was passed, they were allowed to vote in elections.

Jim Crow Law

1877 - 1950

CULTURE AND SOCIETY: The Jim Crow Laws were laws passed requiring the segregation of whites and blacks. Which meant the separation of people of color from whites in parks, cemeteries, theatres, restaurants, public transport, school, and bathrooms. Before the Civil War, the South favored mix races, which included a person of color being half French; however, after the war, this practice was abandoned.