Taylor's Greek Vocabulary Timeline


Dorian Conquest of Mycenae

1300 BCE - 1230 BCE

The latter were named Dorian by the ancient Greek writers, after the Dorians, the historical population that spoke them.

Trojan War

Approx. 1250 BCE

The ancient Greeks believed that Troy was located near the Dardanelles and that the Trojan War was a historical event.

Sparta conquest of Messian Civilization

743 BC - 724 BC

Classical Sparta. In the Second Messenian War, Sparta established itself as a local power in Peloponnesus and the rest of Greece.

1st Persian War (Darius) Battle of Marathon

September 490 BC

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The Battle of Marathon took place in 490 BC, during the first Persian invasion of Greece.

2nd Persian War (Xerxes) Battles of Thermopylae, Salamis, Plataea

480 BCE - 479 BCE

In the resulting Battle of Thermopylae, the rearguard of the Greek force was annihilated, whilst in the Battle of Artemisium the Greeks had heavy losses and retreated after the loss at Thermopylae.

Peloponessian War (2nd) - Athens v Sparta

431 BC - 404 BC

The Peloponnesian War (431–404 BC) was an ancient Greek war fought by the Delian League led by Athens against the Peloponnesian League led by Sparta. Historians have traditionally divided the war into three phases.

Theban-Spartan War or Boeotian War, 379-371

379 BCE - 371 BCE

Theban-Spartan War or Boeotian War, 379-371. The Theban-Spartan War or Boeotian War (379-371 BC) was a conflict triggered by Sparta's attempts to impose her dominance over the rest of Greece, and that ended with a dramatic Spartan defeat that marked the beginning of the end for Sparta as a great power.

Alexander v. the World

338 BC

The Greeks treated the Macedonians as foreigners ("barbarians") whose native language was Macedonian, not Greek. Macedonia was never a region of Greece. On the contrary, ancient Greece was subjected to Macedonia. In 1913, modern Greece and her Balkan allies partitioned Macedonia.

Battle of Chaironea

338 BC

The Battle of Chaeronea was fought in 338 BC, near the city of Chaeronea in Boeotia, between the Macedonians led by Philip II of Macedon and an alliance of some of the Greek city-states led by Athens and Thebes.

Alexander the Great - conquest of Egypt/Persia

334 BCE

In 334 BC, he invaded the Achaemenid Empire (Persian Empire) and began a series of campaigns that lasted ten years.