US Foreign Policy 1890-1920

Main

The Influence of Sea Power upon Histoy

1890

Alfred T Mahan's book explained the importance of having a strong navy. American then increased the size of its navy to protect itself.
territorial expansion, economic interests, spread of Anglo-Saxon values

Hawaii Annexed

1898

McKinley had passed a tariff on foreign imports, so the Americans in Hawaii wanted to annex the land. Therefore, they would not be subjected to the tariffs on sugar canes.
Economic interests, territorial expansion

Insular Cases

1901

The Insular Cases claimed that the American flag outran the Constitution. Land taken by America did not automatically gain the rights of Americans.
Fear of foreigners

Roosevelt Corollary to Monroe Doctrine

1904

The Roosevelt Corollary stated that America would become the international police, especially in Latin America. They would intervene to help stabilize the neighboring countries.
Spread of Anglo-Saxon values

Great White Fleet

1907

In 1907, the Great White Fleet made a world voyage to show the strength of the American navy.
spread of Anglo-Saxon values

Dollar Diplomacy

1913

Taft's Dollar Diplomacy made investments in foreign countries' infrastructure. They helped Cuba, Honduras, Dominican Republican, and Haiti.
Economic interests, spread of Anglo-Saxon values

Panama Canal

Hay-Pauncefote Treaty

1901

The Hay-Pauncefote Treaty let the US have exclusive control over a Panama Canal.
Economic interests

Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty

1903

The Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty gave America control of a canal zone in Panama.
Economic interests, spread of Anglo-Saxon values

Spanish American War

Anti-Imperialist League

1898

The Anti-Imperialist League was formed to combat McKinley's expansionist moves. McKinley tried to acquire the Philippines, Cuba, and Puerto Rico. The League feared for the consent of the governed and despotism at home
anti-imperialism

Teller Amdenment

1898

The Teller Amendment said that America would not annex Cuba.
Economic interests and spread of Anglo-Saxon values

Explosion of Maine

1898

Cubans were revolting against Spanish rule, and were threatening Americans and their land. The Maine was sent to help evacuate and protect Americans.
"yellow journalism", economic interests

Treaty of Paris

1898

The Treaty of Versailles gave America Puerto Rico and Guam, and sold the Philippines. Cuba was also freed from Spanish rule.
Economic interests, territorial expansion

Platt Amendment

1901

The Platt Amendment gave Cuba freedom if they let America control their foreign policy, debts, and security. It also gave America Guantanamo Bay.
Economic interests, spread of anglo-saxon values

Asia

Open Door Notes

1899

The Open Door Notes claimed that no country would have exclusive control over China or its trade.
Economic interests

"Gentlemen's Agreement"

1907

San Francisco had segregated the Japanese children from the white. The "Gentlemen's Agreement" stopped the segregation, and Japan stopped issuing visas.
Fear of foreigners

WWI

Sussex Pledge

1916

Germany continued torpedoing ships with their U-boats. They attacked American merchant ships, and America threatened to enter the war if they did not stop attacking neutral ships.
Economic interests

US Enters

1917

The US entered WWI because Germany returned to their unrestricted submarine warfare.
Economic interests, spread of Anglo-Saxon values

Fourteen Points

1918

Wilson's Fourteen Points was his peace plan for WWI. He wanted to make the war about democracy. He proposed the end of secret treaties and freedom of the seas. His most important point was a League of Nations.
Spread of Anglo-Saxon values

Treaty of Versailles

1919

The Treaty of Versailles was the peace treaty between the Allies and Germany. Germany had to claim the cause of the war and pay reparations and lose territory.
Spread of Anglo-Saxon values