Capitalism vs. Socialism

Capitalism

The Wealth of Nations

1776

"The Wealth of Nations" by Scottish economist Adam Smith is published. The book touches on subjects such as the division of labour, productivity and free markets and sets the foundation for capitalism.

Conservatism

1821 - 1929

Is a political and social philosophy that promotes retaining traditional social institutions. A person who follows the philosophies of conservatism is referred to as a traditionalist or conservative. Edmund burke

Progressivism/Welfare Capitalism

1901 - 1909

The Progressive Movement began in the late 19th and early 20th centuries in cities with settlement workers and reformers who were interested in helping those facing harsh conditions at home and at work. The reformers spoke out about the need for laws regulating tenement housing and child labor. They also called for better working conditions for women. Theodore Roosevelt

Anti-Trust Act

1911 - 2012

A landmark federal statute on competition law passed by Congress in 1890. It prohibits certain business activities that reduce competition in the marketplace, and requires the United States federal government to investigate and pursue trusts, companies, and organizations suspected of being in violation. It was the first Federal statute to limit cartels and monopolies.

New Deal

1933 - 1945

Series of economic programs enacted by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in response to the Great Depression. The New Deal focused on the three (3) R's: Relief (for the unemployed and poor), Recovery (of the economy to normal levels) and Reform (of financial system to prevent a repeat depression).

Post War Consensus

09/01/1946 - 09/05/1970

Almost all capitalist/democratic nations throughout the world, that were 1st world nations, followed a welfare capitalist style of economics that was based on Keynes economic theories.

Thatcher

1979 - 1990

Thatcherism claims to promote low inflation, the small state and free markets through tight control of the money supply, privatization and constraints on the labour movement. It is often compared with Reaganomics in the United States.

Reagan

1980 - 1988

These policies are commonly associated with supply-side economics, or pejoratively as trickle-down economics. The four pillars of Reagan's economic policy were to reduce the growth of government spending, reduce income tax and capital gains tax, reduce government regulation of economy, and control money supply to reduce inflation.

Socialism

Robert Owen

1800

Utopian Socialism at New Lanark

Chartism

1838 - 1848

A working class movement for political reform in Britain between 1838 and 1848. It takes its name from the People's Charter of 1838. The term "Chartism" is the umbrella name for numerous loosely-coordinated local groups, often named "Working Men's Association," articulating grievances in many cities from 1837. Its peak activity came in 1839, 1842 and 1848. It began as a petition movement which tried to mobilize "moral force", but soon attracted men who advocated strikes, General strikes and physical violence. One faction issued the "People's Charter" in 1838 and it was widely adopted by the movement. The People's Charter called for six basic reforms to make the political system more democratic:

  1. A vote for every man over the age of 21;
  2. A secret ballot;
  3. No property qualification for members of Parliament;
  4. Payment for MP's (so poor men could serve);
  5. Constituencies of equal size;
  6. Annual elections for Parliament.

The Communist Manifesto

1848

1848 publication written by the political theorists Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. It has since been recognized as one of the world's most influential political manuscripts. Commissioned by the Communist League, it laid out the League's purposes and program. It presents an analytical approach to the class struggle (historical and present) and the problems of capitalism, rather than a prediction of communism's potential future forms.

Labour Party, U.K.

1900

International Labour Union

1919

U.S.S.R.

1922 - 1991

CCF/NDP

1933

A social-democratic and democratic-socialist political party in Canada, founded in 1932 in Calgary, Alberta, by a number of socialist, agrarian, co-operative and labour groups, and the League for Social Reconstruction. In 1944, it became the first social-democratic government in North America (based in Saskatchewan). In 1961, it disbanded and was replaced by the New Democratic Party. Tommy Douglas

Communization of Eastern Europe

1945 - 1989

Korea

1948 - Present

China

1949 - Present

Cuba

1959 - Present

Socialism in Venezuela

2000 - Present

World Events

Industrial Revolution

1750 - 1850

World War I

1914 - 1918

Great Depression

1929 - 1939

World War II

1939 - 1945