Cold War

Main

Tehran conference

1943

Churchill, Stalin and Roosevelt

Yalta Conferennce

February 1945

Stalin, Churchill and Roosevelt. Establish the UN

USA drops atomic bomb- End of world war II

August 1945

Japan surrends

Chinese civil war

1946

Iron curtain speech- Winston Churchill

1946

Churchill gives a speech were he divides Europe into two, the east (communist) and the west (democratic)

George Kennan Long telegram

February 1946

George Kennan sends a telegram to USA explaining the relationships with Russia

French surrended in Vietnam

December 1946

French land in Indochina but are surrended by the communist Viet Minh

Greek civil war- Truman doctrine

March 1947

Truman gives a speech supporting governments against communism

Marshall Aid

June 1947

USA gives Economic aid to governements against communist

Communist take over Czechoslovakia

February 1948

Berlin Bloackade

June 1948

Berlin Blockade ends

March 1949

NATO

July 1949

(North Atlantic Treaty Organization) collective security between western countries

German Democratic Republic

October 1949

The soviets declare their half of germany as the GDR at east germany

Mao becomes leader of China

October 1949

China becomes communist

China and USSR sign a pact of mutual defense

February 1950

Korean war

June 25 1950

North Korean army invades south korea, the war starts

United Nations intervenes in Korean war

June 28 1950

US claims the north koreans as agressors to the UN. The UN ask the members for militar assistance

End of Korean war

1953

It was divided by the 38th parralel

Einsenhower becomes president of the United States

january 1953

Stalin dies

march 1953

Nikita Kruschev takes power of the soviet union

September 1953

Thaw period

1954

Nikita Kruschev presents the idea of peaceful coexistence between the east and the west.

Geneva conference

April 1954

Vietnam was divided through the 17th parallel. Members were: france, UK, USA, USSR and China

Dien Bien Phu

may 1954

The Viet Minh defeat the French at Dien Bien Phu

Geneva summit

1955

Big four meeting, prime ministers of USSR, France, UK, USA. The purpose was to bring together world leaders to begin discussions on peace.

Warsaw pact

May 1955

Pact signed by the eastern countries to give militar and political assistance

De-stalinization

February 1956

Nikita Khrushchev delivers the speech "On the Personality Cult and its Consequences" at the closed session of the Twentieth Party Congress of the CPSU.

Anti communist protest in Poland

June 1956

This protests finally lead to violence

Suez Crisis

October 1956

France, Israel, and the United Kingdom attack Egypt with the goal of removing Nasser from power and getting the suez canal back.

Hungarian Uprising

October 1956

Hungarians revolt against the Soviet dominated government. They are crushed by the Soviet military

Eisenhower Doctrine

January 1957

Speech were a country could request American economic assistance and/or aid from U.S. military forces if it was being threatened by armed aggression from another state

Sputnick 1 was launched

October 1957

the first russian satellite was launched

Sputnik 2 was launched.

November 1957

launched with the 1st living being on board, Laika.

Cuban revolution

1 January 1959

Fidel Castro takes over cuba

End of Thaw period

1960

U2 spy plane shot down

May 1960

During a paris summit between Kruschev and Eisenhower a american spy plane was shot down and the pilot Francis Gary Powers had survived. This was a embarrassment for President Eisenhower.

Sino-soviet split

June 1960

Berlin wall built

1961

Jhon F Kennedy is elected as president of USA

January 20 1961

Bay of pigs invasion

April 1961

A CIA-backed invasion of Cuba by counter-revolutionaries ends in failure.

Checkpoint Charlie

October 1961

Beginning of Checkpoint Charlie standoff between US and Soviet tanks

Cuban missile crisis

October 1962

The Soviets have secretly been installing military bases, including nuclear weapons, on Cuba, some 90 miles from the US mainland. Kennedy orders a naval blockade of the island that intensifies the crisis and brings the US and the USSR to the brink of nuclear war. In the end, both sides reach a compromise. The Soviets back down and agree to withdraw their nuclear missiles from Cuba, in exchange for a secret agreement by Kennedy pledging to withdraw similar American missiles from Turkey, and guaranteeing that the US will not move against the Castro regime.

Hotline between USSR and USA

1963

Helped communicate easlily

Lyndon B Jhonson becomes president of USA

November 1963

Kennedy's vice president becomes president after Kennedy is killed

Jhon F Kennedy is killed

November 1963

President Kennedy is killed in Dallas Texas

Gulf of Tonkin incident

August 1964

President Lyndon B. Johnson claims that North Vietnamese naval vessels had fired on two American destroyers in the Gulf of Tonkin. With this incident America got involved in the Vietnam war.

Leonid Brezhnev succeded Kruschev

October 1964

Tet offensive began

January 1968

Viet cong iniciate a offensive against sout vietnam

Detente period starts

1969

Period of relaxation between USSR and USA

Apollo 11 lands on the moon

July 20 1969

Neil Armstrong & Buzz Aldrin were the first men to land on the moon

Richard M. Nixon becomes president

November 5 1969

Elected as the U.S president

President Nixon extends the Vietnam war to Cambodia

April 1970

The U.S atacks a communist base 20 miles inside Cambodia

Salt 1

July 1972

(Strategic Arms Limitation Talks) 3 covered areas: AMB treaty, Interim treaty, Basic principles agreement

Cease fire in Vietnam between the Vietcong and the USA

January 27 1973

USA helps overthrow the Chile government

September 1973

Overthrown the government in the coup d'etat. (The USA sent the CIA to sabotage the campaigns encouraging the coup

Egypt & Syria attack Israel

October 1973

U.S president Nixon resigns

August 1974

Gerald Ford becomes the U.S president

August 1974

North Vietnam defeats South Vietnam

April 17 1975

James Carter becomes the U.S president

January 20 1977

Salt 2 was signed

July 1979

It had agreements on the limits of ICBM, SLBM and heavy bombers, banning the testings of new ICBM and Rapid reload systems

Iran hostage crisis

November 1979

The diplomatic crisis between USA & Iran. It included 52 American hostages)

End of Detente period

1980

Ronald Reagan becomes the U.S president

January 20 1981

President Reagan proposes Strategic Defense Initiative

March 23 1983

The proposal consisted on the use ground and space-based systems to protect the United States from attack by strategic nuclear ballistic missiles

U.S troops overthrow Granada regime

October 1983

The United States-led an invasion of Grenada with a military coup. Later achieved victory with the restoration of constitutional government

Iran - Contra affair

1985

The USA sold arms to iran. The profits were used to support Contras in Nicaragua

Mikhail Gorbachev ascends to power in Soviet Union

March 11 1985

Gorbachev ends economic aid to Soviet satellites

1986

Reagan and Gorbachev remove missiles from Europe

October 1986

They resolve to remove all intermediate nuclear missiles from Europe

Iran - Contra affair revealed

November 1986

The affair came into the light as a political scandal under Reagan's administration

Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty

October 1987

Reagan and Gorbachev agreed to remove all medium and short range nuclear missiles. The treaty was signed in Washington

Soviet troops withdrawn from Afghanistan

January 1989

George H.W Bush becomes the U.S president

January 20 1989

Hungary demolition of the Austrian border

May 1989

Hungary dismantled the barbed wire along its border with Austria an act symbolising the demolition of the imaginary Iron Curtian

Poland become Independent

June 1989

Poland engaged in a democratic transition which put an end to the People's Republic of Poland and led to a democratic regime, called Polish Third Republic

Hungary becomes independent

September 1989

Berlin wall falls

November 1989

East German government announced on that all GDR citizens could visit West Germany and West Berlin. Crowds of East Germans crossed and climbed onto the wall.

Soviet empire ends

December 1989

The Communistic government falls Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria and Rumania

Lituania becomes independent

March 1990

Boris Yeltsin new Russian president

May 29 1990

Boris is elected as the president of Russia

Germany is reunited

October 3 1990

German Democratic Republic (GDR/East Germany) joined the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG/West Germany), and Berlin was reunited into a single city

Warsaw pacts ends

April 1991

After 36 years in existence, the Warsaw Pact—the military alliance between the Soviet Union and its eastern European satellites—comes to an end.

End of Soviet Union

August 1991

The process was characterized by the independence of the republics of the Soviet Union and being recognized as sovereign nation-states.