Archaeology Timeline


Venus of Willendorf

24000 bc

Otzi, the "Iceman" thought to have died.

5300 bc

Discovered in the Otztaler Alps, Otzi is a naturally preserved mummy discovered in receding ice. Many theories exist regarding the cause of death; however CT scan has revealed an arrowhead lodged inside his shoulder, suggesting this as the probable cause.

First City of Troy Constructed

3000 bc - 2600 bc

Great Pyramid of Giza Constructed

2560 bc - 2540

Tomb thought to be constructed for the Pharaoh Khufu. Three chamber tomb.

The Parthenon constructed

447 BC - 438 bc

Temple dedicated to the goddess Athena. Built on the Acropolis, the architects were Ictinos and Callicrates.

Ostrakon of Perikles

443 bc

Ostrakon with the inscription, "Perikles."

Burial of Siberian Ice Maiden

400 bc

Mummified body of a woman of Pazyrky heritage. Elaborate burial mound, that consisted of numerous grave goods that suggest the individual was of high status, possibly a princess.

Mausoleum at Halicarnassus constructed

353 bc - 350 bc

Designed by Satyros and Pythius of Priene for Mausolus. Site of tomb discovered by Charles Thomas Newton in the 19th century.

Lighthouse of Alexandria Constructed

280 bc - 247 bc

Ptolemy I issued the construction of a lighthouse to aid nighttime marine navigation. Destroyed in the 14th century. Jean-Yves Empereur, in 1994, recovered evidence of the tower from the harbor in which it stood.

Burial Mound of Osberg Ship

800 AD

Intact Viking ship was buried along with grave goods and humans. The presence of grave goods and other luxuries, indicate that the burial was for a high ranking individual, presumably a Viking queen who was one of those buried in the ship.

Charles Lyell Publishes: Principles of Geology


Features found on earth's surface are a result of geologic changes that happened over long periods of time. This seemed to contradict the biblical interpretation of the age of the earth which maintained that the earth was only 6000 years old.

Charles Darwin publishes: On the Origin of Species

1859 AD

Darwin argues that evolution occurs via natural selection.