The 2nd Persian war occurred about a decade after the 1st Persian war. This war was probably about the fact that the Persians wanted more territory or the Persians wanted the Greeks resources. Some famous battles were the Battle of Thermopylae, the Battle of Salamis, and the Battle of Plataea. In 480 the Battle of Thermopylae occurred. The Battle of Thermopylae was where the Persians decided to attack the Greeks via the pass at Thermopylae. The Spartans met the there but were killed until there was one man. A Greek fleet held the Persians off for a while which bought the Greeks time to Steel themselves. The Persians attacked them at Salamis in the Sardonic Gulf. The Greeks had a smaller fleet than the Persians but had an amazing Athenian general who lured the Persians into the tight straits of Salamis and hit the enemy very hard and they had nowhere to retreat to. After the naval defeat at Salamis King Xerxes returned home. He left a very gifted general in charge and the 2 opposing sides met at Plataea in 479 BCE The Greeks won with their superior hoplite and phlanx. Some famous people from this war were Leonidas (a general at the Battle of Thermopylae), Themistocles (The genius Athenian general who came up with the idea which ended up defeating the Persians), Xerxes, (Xerxes was the 4th king of the Achaemenid dynasty of Persia), Mardonius (The Persian general in the Battle of Plataea.