Maddie Important Greek events timeline

Events

Mycenaean Conquest of Minoan Civilization

Approx. 1400 BCE

Achilles conquering the Minoans on the island of Crete

Trojan War

Approx. 1200 BCE

War between the Greeks and the people of Troy, and began after Paris, a Trojan prince, abducted Helen, the most beautiful woman in the world, and would not give her back to the Greeks

Dorian Conquest of Mycenaean

Approx. 1100 BCE - Approx. 1000 BCE

The Dorian invasion involved the replacement of older Greek traditions. The Dorian hailed from central Greece and they conquered the Peloponnese peninsula

Sparta Conquest of Messian civilization

743 BCE - 724 BCE

Initiated by the Dorian Invasion

1st Persian War (Darius) Battle of Marathon

492 BCE - 490 BCE

The first Persian invasion of Greece ended with the Athenian victory at the Battle of Marathon in 490 BCE

Second Persian War

480 B.C.E. - 479 B.C.E.

The second Persian war was a response to the defeat of the Persian invasion of Greece in 490 BCE. All of Boeotia and Attica fell to Persia after the Battle of Thermopylae, and the Persians conquered and burnt Athens.

Peloponnesian War

431 BCE - 404 BCE

Athens and Sparta started arguing over power over Greek city-states, and it led to a long expected showdown

Boeotian War

379 BCE - 371 BCE

Sparta wanted to control all of Greece but was defeated by the Boeotian army lead by the Thebans

Battle of Chaironia

338 BCE

A battle led by Phillip II of Macedon against a Greek city-state alliance. The Macedonians eventually won the battle.

Alexander the Great v the world

333 BCE - 323 BCE

He conquered Anatolia, Syria, Phoenicia, Judea, Gaza, Egypt, Bactria, and Mesopotamia, and he extended the boundaries of his own empire as far as Punjab, India. He was five times as rich as the richest man in the world today