In 1925 Ruanda-Urundi was linked with the Belgian Congo. Administration of the Belgian Congo was centered in Brussels while Ruanda-Urundi was left to the Tutsi aristocracy.
The Belgians observed the distinct separation between the Tutsi and Hutus and allowed the Tutsis to control the region. Hutus were subjected to forced labor while the Tutsis supervised.
1933- everyone in Ruanda-Urundi were issued with a racial identity card, which identified them as Hutu (85%) or Tutsi (14%). The remaining 1% was the Twa, original Pygmies indigenous to the area.
The Belgian attitude laid the groundwork for future violence by reinforcing the distinction between the two groups and favoring the Tutsi.
-Both Ruanda-Urundi become independent in July 1962. The UN tried to keep the two regions a single country, however they opted to seperate them.
-Ruanda becomes Rwanda and turns itself into a republic.
-Urundi becomes independent as a Constitutional Monarchy and changes its name to Burundi.