French Revolution

Revolution

Seven Year's War

1756

Coronation of Louis XVI at Reims

1774

Start of the American War of Independence (1775–1783)

1775

France declares war against Great Britain in support of the American colonies

1778

Ségur prevents entering the army officer corps

1781

Jacques Necker releases his Compte rendu

1781

France's failure to adopt the potato

1783

Treaty of Paris ends the war

1783

Diamond Necklace Affair results in the discrediting of Marie Antoinette.

1785

Finance minister Calonne informs Louis that the royal finances are insolvent

1786

The Assembly of Notables is convoked

1786

Civil unrest in the Dutch republic leads to its invasion by the Prussian army

1787

Louis dismisses the Parisian parlement

1787

Calonne's publication of his proposals

1787

First Assembly of Notables

1787

Louis dismisses both Calonne and the keeper of the seals

1787

The Archbishop of Toulouse and vocal leader of the higher clergy

1787

Brienne sends edicts for tax reform legislation to the parlements

1787

Legislation passed at a lit de justice

1787

The vocal opposition of the duc d'Orléans leads to his temporary exile

1787

Louis appoints Lamoignon

1787

The first Assembly of Notables is dissolved

1787

Parlement of Paris overwhelmingly rejects the royal legislation

1787

Louis orders the closure of all political clubs in Paris

1787

A royal session of the Paris parlements for registration of new loans

1787

Orders for the arrest of two Parisian parlementaires, d'Eprémesnil and Goislard

1788

d'Eprémesnil and Goislard are imprisoned

1788

Judicial reforms partly abolishing the power of parlements

1788

Day of the Tiles in Grenoble

1788

Outcry over the enforced reforms ensues

1788

Brienne begins to consider calling an Estates-General

1788

Repayments on government loans stop

1788

Necker releases those arrested for criticising Brienne's ministry

1788

Malesherbes resigns

1788

Necker convenes a second Assembly of Notables to discuss the Estates-General

1788

The second Assembly of Notables is dismissed

1788

Meeting of the Estates of Dauphiné

1788

Brienne resigns, and Jacques Necker replaces him as Minister of Finance

1788

Necker announces that the representation of the Third Estate will be doubled

1788

nobles, headed by the Duke of Orléans, side with the Third Estate

1789

Meeting of the Estates-General

1789

The Réveillon Riots in Paris

1789

The Estates-General meets for the first time since 1614

1789

Tennis Court Oath of dismissed Estates

1789

Storming of the Bastille

1789

National Assembly meets in church of St Louis

1789

Louis recognises the validity of the National Assembly

1789

Camille Desmoulins gives a speech in the gardens of the Palais Royale

1789

National Assembly renounces involvement in wars of conquest

1790

Anti-Royalist demonstration at the Champ de Mars

1790

Former Provinces of France replaced by new administrative Departments

1790

Nobility abolished by the National Assembly

1790

Fall of Necker

1790

Remains of Enlightenment philosopher Voltaire reburied in Pantheon

1791

All émigrés are ordered by the Assembly to return under threat of death

1791

Mirabeau elected President of the Assembly

1791

Day of Daggers

1791

Louis vetoes the ruling of the Assembly on émigrés and priests

1791

Lafayette flees to Austria

1792

Royalist riots in Brittany, La Vendée and Dauphiné

1792

Food riots in Paris

1792

Alliance of Austria and Prussia

1792

Louis XVI brought to trial

1792

National Convention to claim independence from Belgium

1792

Citizen Louis Capet guillotined, formerly known as Louis XVI

1793

: Law of 14 Frimaire (Law of Revolutionary Government) passed

1793

Outbreak of rebellion against the Revolution: War in the Vendée

1793

1793 Constitution put on hold

1793

Convention passes the General Maximum

1793

Anti-Republican forces in the Vendée finally defeated

1793

The White Terror

1794

Final 'pacification' of the Vendé

1794

Hébert and leaders of the Cordeliers guillotined

1794

Death of philosopher and mathematician Marquis de Condorcet in prison

1794

Danton and Desmoulins guillotined

1794

Law of 22 Prairial

1794

French forces defeat Austrians at the Battle of Fleurus

1794

Antoine Lavoisier, chemist, guillotined as traitor

1794

Danton, Desmoulins and their supporters arrested

1794

Festival of the Supreme Being

1794

André Chenier, poet, guillotined for conspiring against the Revolution

1794

Night of 9-10 Thermidor

1794

Last edition of Jacques Hébert's Le Père Duchesne produced

1794

Hébert and his supporters arrested

1794

establish the Cult of the Supreme Being

1794

Closure of Jacobin Club

1794

1795 Constitution ratified

1795

13 Vendémiaire

1795

National Convention dissolved

1795

Suppression of the Paris Revolutionary Tribunal

1795

Marseillaise accepted as the French National Anthem

1795

Executive Directory takes on executive power

1795

Battle of Lodi (Napoleon in Italy)

1796

Marriage of Napoleon Bonaparte and Josephine

1796

Beginning of the Siege of Mantua

1796

Cisalpine Republic established

1797

Coup d'état of 18 Fructidor revives Republican measures

1797

Treaty of Campo Formio

1797

Preliminary Peace of Leoben

1797

Cisalpine Republic established

1797

Roman Republic proclaimed

1798

Helvetian Republic proclaimed

1798

Law of 22 Floréal Year VI

1798

Battle of the Pyramids

1798

Alliance between Russia and Britain

1798

Battle of the Nile

1798

Battle of the Trebia (Suvorov defeats French)

1799

Napoleon leaves Egypt-Napoleon returns to France

1799

Russians withdraw from coalition

1799

Constitution of the Year VIII

1799

Coup of 30 Prairial Year VII

1799

The Coup d'État of 18 Brumaire

1799