The first Latin American state to become independent
What eventually resulted in the freedom of Latin America
The first revolts in Mexico leading up to their independence.
When they declared their independence from Spain. It was chosen on this day in remembrance of Miguel Hidalgo and the very first revolt in Mexico.
He was a priest and field marshal who won many victories against the Spanish but was eventually captured and executed.
Bernardo O'Higgins's rebel army plus the forces of Chile and Argentina ended Spanish rule over the southern part of South America at the battle of Maipu.
Mexico claiming their independence from spain.
After being ruled by Iturbide for one year Mexico disposed of him and began a republic.
One of Simon Bolivar's most important victories in the battle to free Peru.
Another important battle won and led by Bolivar to free Peru. This led to a peace treaty freeing Peru from Spain.
This included Peru, Uruguay, Paraguay, Columbia, Venezuela, Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Brazil, Central America and Mexico.
As a result of Santa Anna's poor leadership, Texas revolts against its rule and earned their independence.
When Texas earned its United States statehood.
By this time all Latin American states had constitutions written and were affectively using them.
Ruled by Benito Juarez who was considered a Mexican hero. Mexico received liberal reforms which included separation of church and state and distribution of land to the poor and more educational systems.
Mexico created a conservative centralized government with an army, foreign capitalists, large land owners, and the Catholic church.
Cuban poet Jose Marti laid his forces in a battle to win Cuban independence from Spain, but lost.
After the Spanish-American war, Cuba is granted to the United States as a protectorate which is territory who is protected by a larger state or party.
As a result of the Spanish-American war, Puerto Rico was granted to the United States as a protectorate and has remained so since.
Sets up a government based of the united states.