The first Latin American state to become independent
Revolt in Latin America
1807 - 1825
What eventually resulted in the freedom of Latin America
Mexico's first revolt began
The first revolts in Mexico leading up to their independence.
Mexico's independence day
September 16, 1810
When they declared their independence from Spain. It was chosen on this day in remembrance of Miguel Hidalgo and the very first revolt in Mexico.
Jose Maria Morelos captured and executed
He was a priest and field marshal who won many victories against the Spanish but was eventually captured and executed.
Battle of Maipu
April 5, 1818
Bernardo O'Higgins's rebel army plus the forces of Chile and Argentina ended Spanish rule over the southern part of South America at the battle of Maipu.
Mexico declares independence
Mexico claiming their independence from spain.
Mexico becomes a republic
After being ruled by Iturbide for one year Mexico disposed of him and began a republic.
Battle at Junin
August 6, 1824
One of Simon Bolivar's most important victories in the battle to free Peru.
Battle at Ayacucho
December 9, 1824
Another important battle won and led by Bolivar to free Peru. This led to a peace treaty freeing Peru from Spain.
Most of Latin America becomes independent
This included Peru, Uruguay, Paraguay, Columbia, Venezuela, Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Brazil, Central America and Mexico.
Texas declares independence from Mexico
As a result of Santa Anna's poor leadership, Texas revolts against its rule and earned their independence.
Constitutions written for Latin America
By this time all Latin American states had constitutions written and were affectively using them.
Texas becomes part of the United States
When Texas earned its United States statehood.
Mexico's period of reform
1855 - 1876
Ruled by Benito Juarez who was considered a Mexican hero. Mexico received liberal reforms which included separation of church and state and distribution of land to the poor and more educational systems.
Mexico finalizes a government
1877 - 1911
Mexico created a conservative centralized government with an army, foreign capitalists, large land owners, and the Catholic church.
Battle of Dos Rios
Cuban poet Jose Marti laid his forces in a battle to win Cuban independence from Spain, but lost.
Cuba becomes a US protectorate
After the Spanish-American war, Cuba is granted to the United States as a protectorate which is territory who is protected by a larger state or party.
Puerto Rico becomes US protectorate
As a result of the Spanish-American war, Puerto Rico was granted to the United States as a protectorate and has remained so since.