A History of man's search to know his world and himself.
"Time is the greatest innovator"
- Francis Bacon(1625)
The Egyptians invented an everyday calendar.
Greeks had figured out how to predict when the rising or setting sun would gild the tip of any particular, which helped them add a glow to their ceremonies and anniversaries.
The so-called Metonic cycle was discovered.
Saint Bartholomew s days ; brutal massacre of Protestants.
Pope Gregory XIII took ten days out of the calendar.
Pope Gregory ordained that October 4 was to be followed by October 15.
The Old style calendar was changed to the New Style calendar
The Soviet Union aiming to dissolve the Christian year replaced the Gregorian with the Revolutionary calendar.
Mathematici were expelled not only from Rome and Italy
Romans were living with a 7-day week.
Caesar burned many libraries
Ptolemy's " Geography" reached Western Europe
Ptolemy writes " De Revolutionibus"
Tycho Brahe writes "Astronomiae Instauratae Mechanica"
The hour became our modern hour, one of twenty-four equal parts of the day.
The campanile of the Chapel of the Blessed virgin in Milan is admired by Galvano della Fiamma.
The Strasbourg clock is made for the Cathedral of Strasbourg, and served the public as a calendar and aid to astrology.
Giovanni de' Dondi completed a clock that combined a planetarium and a timepiece.
The Strasbourg clock is rebuilt with movable feasts, a Copernican planetarium with revolution of the planets, phases of the moon, eclipses, apparent and sidereal times, procession of the equinoxes, and etc.
London announced the declaration of war against Spain.
The cannon clock was installed by the Duke of Orleans in the garden of Palais Royal
The principal of cross-staff was applied in western Europe.
Galileo Galilei discovers isochronism.
John Davis devised the handier backstaff.
Hooke conjectured a marine clock made by the use of springs instead of Gravity.
The Royal Society was founded.
Robert Hooke wrote "Micrographia"
Huygens made a watch with a balance spring.
An English fleet foundered on the rocks of Scilly Islands.
Parliament passed an act " For providing a Publick Reward for such Person or Persons as shall discover the Longitude at Sea".
In" Rake's Progress" Hogarth tries to solve the puzzle of longitude.
One need not be astonished that the Chinese sages did not make these steps. The astonishing thing is that these discoveries were made at all
-Albert Einstein (1953)
Su Sung's Clock was created.
Mateo Ricci decided to join the Society of Jesuit.
Matteo arrives in Goa to study and teach theology.
The Imperial Astronomers dictated that an eclipse would occur at 10:30 and would last for two hours. They were wrong. The Jesuits forecast-ed that the ellipse would happen at 11:30 and would last one two minutes.
The Jesuit Father was in charge of the Emperor's astronomical affairs.
John Barrow wrote "Travels in China".
Bishop Nicole d'Oresme created the unforgettable metaphor: "a clockwork universe, God the perfect clock maker!"
Genoa's first mechanical public clock was made in Milan.
A German clock maker devised a little lathe, also known as a compound.
Calvin wrote "Institutes of the Christian Religion".
Juanelo Torriano went to Spain to make a clock for Emperor Charles V. Torriano.
The Life of Johannes Kepler.
Thirty Years War
French clock maker invented the "fuse machine".
Laurence Sterne wrote " Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy".
Punctuality was used in Sheridan's " School for Scandal"
The earliest verifiable eclipse reported by any people is recorded by the Chinese.
The " Chinese Caesar" , King Cheng, managed within 25 years to unify a half-dozen Chinese provinces into a single great empire, with a vast hierarchy of bureaucrats.
The Emperor of China ordered all observers in the imperial observatory to keep their business secret " Not to tell any common people about what they did for a living".
Japan was able to make mainsprings for spring driven clocks.
The Japanese changed from the "natural" sunlight day divided into six equal hours between sunrise and sunset.
"There is no sea in-navigable, no land uninhabitable"
- Robert Thorne, Merchant and Geographer (1527)
Zoser was the 1st king of Egyptian king of the third dynasty.
Herodotus described the Tower of Babel as a pile of solid towers, each slightly smaller than the one on which it rested.
The Great stupa of Borobudur in Java was created.
Cambodian king Suryavarman built the the most gigantic religious monument in the world of the stupa temple complex of Angkor Wat.
Hokusai made the "Thirty-six Views of Fuji" which showed the many faces of the sacred heights.
Orphic Greeks and Etruscans developed a mythology of judgement day.
The Manichaean followers of the Persian sage Manes gave the moon a role in their mystic doctrines.
The Life Porphyry . He explained that each soul was by nature a "fiery breath" tending to rise to the heavens, yet as a soul lowered into the earthly atmosphere it tended to become damp and heavy.
Proclus was one of the last great Greek Neoplatonists.
The Life of Saint Hildegard of Bingen , who at age eight had been consigned to a nunnery with all the last rights of the dead to signify she was buried to the world.
Dante Alighieri. during his life he wrote "Divine Comedy".
Dante Aligheri wrote about his journey through the realms of the dead.
The Life of Aristotle.
Eratosthenes is known for wonderful ancient geographical studies.
Hipparchus discovered the procession of the equinoxes, cataloged 1,000 stars, and invented trigonometry.
Posidonius and Strabo declared the earth to be 18,000 miles around.
The life of the influential Strabo.
The Life Thomas Burnet
Thomas Brunet wrote " Sacred Theory of the Earth".
Saint Brendan was an Irish Monk believing that Paradise was somewhere in the Atlantic Ocean.
Isidore of Serville is reputed as one of the most learned men of the age.
Al-Idrisi reported an expedition to locate the wall that held back these pagan forces of the Apocalypse.
The Hereford Cathedral was built.
The Portuguese opened a new Eastern waterway to India around the tip of Africa.
The Rites of Chou.
The Ch'in Era
The Han Dynasty.
The life of the Chinese pioneer Chang Heng.
Julius Solinus published nine-tenths of his " Collectanea Rerum memorabilium" (Gallery of Wonderful Things).
The Chin Dynasty.
The T'ang Dynasty.
The Sung Era
"From the East, light" (Ex Orienete, lux)
"Too far East is West"
- English Proverb
The Venerable Bede
A some 15,000 Pilgrims joined The Crusades.
William the Conqueror and his men set up the Kingdom of Sicily, where Christians, Jews and Arabs exchange knowledge, arts, and ideas.
The West attracted many Christians Pilgrims.
Ibn Battuta was on the greatest Muslim travelers of the Middle ages.