Galileo and the Catholic Church

Events

Birth

February 15, 1564

Galileo Galilei was born on February 15, 1564, a couple days before Michelangelo's death in Pisa, Italy.

Moons of Jupiter

January 7th, 1610

Galileo discovered four star-looking bodies that turned out to be moons revolving around Jupiter. Just a little more proof that not everything revolves around the Earth.

Sunspots

June 2, 1613

Galileo observed and recorded blemishes on the Sun's surface, named sunspots. This information stood against the Church's belief that all heavenly bodies were perfect.

Mayflower Sails

September 6, 1620

The Mayflower, carrying the Puritans, or Pilgrims, sails from Plymouth, England on September 6, 1620.

Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems

February 22, 1632

Ferdinando II de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany received the first printed copy of Galileo's heliocentric book on February 22, 1632.

Trial of Galileo

June 22, 1633

Galileo was put on trial and condemned by the Catholic Church for offenses such as holding true the idea that the Sun is immovable in our solar system and the Earth revolves around it.

Death

January 8, 1642

Galileo died on January 8, 1642 in house arrest.

Dialogue Removed from Index

1835

Somewhere in the year 1835, Galileo's book most recent book, "Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems" was finally removed from the Church's Index of Forbidden Books.

Church's Error Recognized

November 10, 1979

After a little more than 350 years, Pope John Paul II acknowledged the Catholic Church's error in condemning Galileo, who tried to prove an idea we now all accept as true.

Star Trek: The Motion Picture

December 7, 1979

Star Trek: The Motion Picture is a 1979 science fiction film released by Paramount Pictures.