Timeline of Augustan Rome

Horace vs. Ovid.


8 AD: The Recentii Arrive in Rome

8 ad

Start of the practomime.


Augustan Imperial Rule

27 bc - 14 ad

Tiberian Rule

14 ad - 37 ad

Tiberius Julius Caesar Augustus.


Virgil (Publius Vergilius Maro)

70 bc - 19 bc

Publius Vergilius Maro.

Works: Eclogues (or Bucolics), the Georgics, and the epic Aeneid.

Virgil is traditionally ranked as one of Rome's greatest poets. His Aeneid has been considered the national epic of ancient Rome from the time of its composition to the present day. Modeled after Homer's Iliad and Odyssey, the Aeneid follows the Trojan refugee Aeneas as he struggles to fulfill his destiny and arrive on the shores of Italy—in Roman mythology the founding act of Rome. (Wikipedia)

Horace (Quintus Horatius Flaccus)

65 bc - 8 bc

Satires 1 (c. 35–34 BC)
Satires 2 (c. 30 BC)
Epodes (30 BC)
Odes 1–3 (c. 23 BC)
Epistles 1 (c. 21 BC)
Carmen Saeculare (17 BC)
Epistles 2 (c. 11 BC)
Odes 4 (c. 11 BC)
Ars Poetica (c. 10–8 BC)

Ovid (Publius Ovidius Naso)

43 bc - 17 ad

2.1 Heroides ("The Heroines")
2.2 Amores ("The Loves")
2.3 Medicamina Faciei Femineae ("Women's Facial Cosmetics")
2.4 Ars Amatoria ("The Art of Love")
2.5 Remedia Amoris ("The Cure for Love")
2.6 Metamorphoses ("Transformations")
2.7 Fasti ("The Festivals")
2.8 Ibis ("The Ibis")
2.9 Tristia ("Sorrows")
2.10 Epistulae ex Ponto ("Letters from the Black Sea")


Maecenas (Gaius Cilnius Maecenas)

70 bc - 8 bc

Gaius Cilnius Maecenas (29 April 70 BC – ? October 1 BC) was an ally, friend and political advisor to Octavian (who was to become the first Emperor of Rome as Caesar Augustus) as well as an important patron for the new generation of Augustan poets. During the reign of Augustus, Maecenas served as a quasi-culture minister to the Emperor.

His name has become a byword for a wealthy, generous and enlightened patron of the arts.

Messalla (Marcus Valerius Messalla Corvinus)

64 BC - 8 AD

Marcus Valerius Messalla Corvinus (64 BC – AD 8) was a Roman general, author and patron of literature and art.


Caesar Augustus

63 bc - 14 ad

Successor: Tiberius

Consort to: Clodia Pulchra (42 BC - 40 BC)
Scribonia (40 BC - 38 BC)
Livia Drusilla (37 BC - 14 AD)

Offspring: Julia the Elder
Gaius Caesar (adoptive)
Lucius Caesar (adoptive)
Agrippa Postumus (adoptive)
Tiberius (adoptive)


42 bc - 37 ad

Successor: Caligula

Consort to:
Vipsania Agrippina (forced to divorce by Augustus)
Julia the Elder (daughter of Augustus)


Drusus Julius Caesar
Germanicus (adoptive)

Father: Tiberius Claudius Nero
Mother: Livia Drusilla

Imperial Household