French Revolution


The Rise of Napoleon and Creation of an Empire

Approx. 1769 - Approx. 1821

After seizing political power in France in a 1799 he crowned himself emperor in 1804. Shrewd, ambitious and a skilled military strategist, Napoleon successfully waged war against various coalitions of European nations and expanded his empire.

The Meeting of the Estates General

May 5, 1789 - June 17, 1799

This occurred in France and was the Pre- Revolutionary Monarchy. It was a representative assembly. It was summoned occasionally by the king, often in times of war and crisis.

The Tennis Court Oath

June 17, 1789 - June 20, 1789

French Estate General's of the third estates began to call themselves National Assembly. Then they took the Tennis Court Oath. They vowed "not to separate, and to reassemble wherever circumstances require, until the constitution of the kingdom is established.

The Storming of the Bastille

July 14, 1789 - 1799

This occurred in Paris, France. The medieval fortress, armory, and political prison in Paris known as the Bastille represented royal authority in the center of Paris. The prison contained just seven inmates at the time of its storming, but was seen by the revolutionaries as a symbol of the monarchy's abuses of power.

The Reign of Terror

September 5, 1793 - July 28, 1794

A label given by some historians to a period during the French Revolution. With civil war spreading from the Vendee and hostile armies s France on all sides. The Revolutionary government decided to make “Terror” the order of the day.

Napoleon's Empire Collapses

1806 - 1821

In 1806, Napoleon set up a blockade to the rest of the European nations but, Great Britain managed to help pirates transport good to France. Taking advantage from its weakness Britain, Russia, Prussia, Austria and Sweden joined forces and declared war to France. After Napoleons three huge mistakes that left his empire weakened, neighboring countries such as, Britain, Russia, Prussia, and Sweden joined forces to steal the empire before Napoleons feet.

The Congress of Vienna

November 1814 - June 1815

The Congress of Vienna was a meeting of ambassadors of European states chaired by Austrian statesman Klemens von Metternich, and held in Vienna from November 1814 to June 1815, though the delegates had arrived and were already negotiating by late September 1814.