French Revolution

Events

Meeting of the Estates general

May 5, 1789

In 1789, King Louis XVI called a meeting of the Estates General. It was the first meeting of the Estates General called since 1614. He called the meeting because the French government was having financial problems.

Tennis Court Oath

June 20, 1789

On June 20, 1789, the members of the French Estates-General for the third estate, who had begun to call themselves the National Assembly, took the Tennis Court Oath vowing not to separate and to reassemble wherever circumstances require, until the constitution of the kingdom is established. It was a pivotal event in the early days of the French Revolution.

The storming of the Bastille

July 14, 1789

On July 14, 1789 a prison on the east side of Paris, known as the Bastille, was attacked by an angry and aggressive mob. The prison had become a symbol of the monarchy's dictatorial rule, and the event became one of the defining moments in the Revolution that followed.

The Reign of Terror

Sep 5, 1793 - Jul 28, 1794

The Reign of Terror or The Terror is the label given by some historians to a period during the French Revolution after the First French Republic was established.

The rise of Napoleon and Creation of an Emperor

1799 - 1804

Born on the island of Corsica, Napoleon rapidly rose through the ranks of the military during the French Revolution (1789-1799). After seizing political power in France in a 1799 coup d'état, he crowned himself emperor in 1804.

The congress of Vienna

1814 - 1815

The Congress of Vienna was a meeting of ambassadors of European states chaired by Austrian statesman Klemens von Metternich, and held in Vienna from November 1814 to June 1815, though the delegates had arrived and were already negotiating by late September 1814.

Napoleon's Empire Collapses

June 18th, 1815

Napoleon’s desire for power led him to the peak of his empire but also to the end of it. His efforts to crush Great Britain and expand the French Empire made him commit three big mistakes. In 1806, Napoleon set up a blockade to the rest of the European nations but, Great Britain managed to help pirates transport good to France. In response to the French blockade the British made their own blockade which was more effective than the French. Another important mistake was the effort of Napoleon to conquer Portugal through Spain.